Ajnana, aka: Ajñāna; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ajnana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Ajñāna (अज्ञान) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “ignorance” (imperfect knowledge). It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.121)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
context information

Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Purāṇa

Ajñāna (अज्ञान).—Of tamas quality and the source of all dfficulties; the enemy to knowledge; creates a thirst for desire (rāga). If not got rid of, one attains tiryak-yoni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 3. 41 and 49; 4. 23. Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 62, 69.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ajnāna (अज्नान, “ignorance”) refers to one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., ajnāna). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

(Source): archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i

Ajñāna (अज्ञान, “ignorance”) refers to a category of dispositions (bhāva) due to the rising of karmas (audayika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.6. What is the meaning of ignorance (ajñāna)? Inability to know /cognize an object is called ignorance.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n (S) Want of knowledge, ignorance. 2 Spiritual ignorance; worldly illusion; admission as real of the material world. 3 Want or absence of understanding or intelligence. Ex. pāṣāṇādi jaḍa- padārthī a0 rāhatēṃ. 4 Stupidity.

--- OR ---

ajñāna (अज्ञान).—a (S) Unlearned or ignorant: also stupid or dull.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n Ignorance. Worldly illusion. a Unlearned. Dull. A minor.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 15 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Avidya
Avidyā (अविद्या, “ignorance”) refers to the first of the “twelve factors of conditional origina...
Sukha
Sukha (सुख, “happiness”) refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as define...
Tama
Tama (तम).—Common term for the tad. affixes तमट् (tamaṭ) and तमप् (tamap).
Janya
janya (जन्य).—p (S) Born, produced, caused, formed, made. Ex. of comp. pittajanya, kaphajanya, ...
Ajanana
Ajānana, (°-) (nt.) (a + jānana) not knowing, ignorance (of) J.V, 199 (°bhāva); VI, 177 (°kāla...
Ajnani
ajñānī (अज्ञानी).—a Unlearned, ignorant.
Bhaktihina
bhaktihīna (भक्तिहीन).—a Of languid or unimpassioned devotion.
Prapadanem
prapādaṇēṃ (प्रपादणें).—v t To prove, to maintain; to argue in defence of.
Karanadeha
kāraṇadēha (कारणदेह).—m S kāraṇaśarīra n S The inner rudiment and causative frame or principle ...
Brahmatatva
brahmatatva (ब्रह्मतत्व).—n S Spiritual or essential truth, i. e. brahma as the substantial or ...
Parishaha
Parīṣaha (परीषह) refers to a “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāp...
Jagatsrishti
Jagatsṛṣṭi (जगत्सृष्टि).—Evolution of Tattvas, etc. When the Śaktis did not attend to the...
Aghorabhairavamurti
Aghorabhairavamūrti (अघोरभैरवमूर्ति).—Another aspect of Śiva, annihilating the demon of darknes...
Doshadosha
dōṣādōṣa (दोषादोष).—m (S) Blaming and not blaming: also blamablenessand unblamableness. Ex. jēt...
Sohammurtti
sōhammūrtti (सोहम्मूर्त्ति).—f S sōhammūrttibrahma n S (I-and-he-person; I-and-he-person consti...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.