Ajnana, aka: Ajñāna, Ājñāna; 6 Definition(s)


Ajnana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Ajñāna (अज्ञान) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “ignorance” (imperfect knowledge). It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.121)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
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Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.


Ajñāna (अज्ञान).—Of tamas quality and the source of all dfficulties; the enemy to knowledge; creates a thirst for desire (rāga). If not got rid of, one attains tiryak-yoni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 3. 41 and 49; 4. 23. Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 62, 69.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ajnāna (अज्नान, “ignorance”) refers to one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., ajnāna). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

(Source): archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i

Ajñāna (अज्ञान, “ignorance”) refers to a category of dispositions (bhāva) due to the rising of karmas (audayika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.6. What is the meaning of ignorance (ajñāna)? Inability to know /cognize an object is called ignorance.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n (S) Want of knowledge, ignorance. 2 Spiritual ignorance; worldly illusion; admission as real of the material world. 3 Want or absence of understanding or intelligence. Ex. pāṣāṇādi jaḍa- padārthī a0 rāhatēṃ. 4 Stupidity.

--- OR ---

ajñāna (अज्ञान).—a (S) Unlearned or ignorant: also stupid or dull.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n Ignorance. Worldly illusion. a Unlearned. Dull. A minor.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 19 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Viṣayājñāna (विषयाज्ञान).—sleepiness, exhaustion. Derivable forms: viṣayājñānam (विषयाज्ञानम्)....
Andha (अन्ध).—a.1) Blind (lit. and fig.); devoid of sight, unable to see (at particular times);...
Sukhā (सुखा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that remains unidentified. ...
Avidya (अविद्य).—a.1) Not educated, unlearned, foolish, unwise, अविद्यानां तु सर्वेषामीहात श्चे...
Tama (तम).—A King who was the son of Śravā of the race of King Gṛtsamada. (Śloka 63, Chapter 30...
Ājanana (आजनन).—High birth or origin, famous or wellknown origin. -ind. From birth.Derivable fo...
Abuddha (अबुद्ध).—a. Foolish, unwise; अपवादमात्रमबुद्धानाम् (apavādamātramabuddhānām) Sān. S.-d...
Janya (जन्य).—Rational right triangle or rectangle from which other rational figures are to be ...
ajñānī (अज्ञानी).—a Unlearned, ignorant.
bhaktihīna (भक्तिहीन).—a Of languid or unimpassioned devotion.
kāraṇadēha (कारणदेह).—m S kāraṇaśarīra n S The inner rudiment and causative frame or principle ...
prapādaṇēṃ (प्रपादणें).—v t To prove, to maintain; to argue in defence of.
dōṣādōṣa (दोषादोष).—m (S) Blaming and not blaming: also blamablenessand unblamableness. Ex. jēt...
Aketu (अकेतु).—a. [nāsti ketuścihnaṃ yasya] Unconscious (ajñāna); केतुं कृण्वन्नकेतवे (ketuṃ kṛ...
sōhammūrtti (सोहम्मूर्त्ति).—f S sōhammūrttibrahma n S (I-and-he-person; I-and-he-person consti...

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