Ajnana, aka: Ajñāna; 6 Definition(s)
Ajnana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmaśāstra (religious law)
Ajñāna (अज्ञान) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “ignorance” (imperfect knowledge). It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.121)(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Ajñāna (अज्ञान).—Of tamas quality and the source of all dfficulties; the enemy to knowledge; creates a thirst for desire (rāga). If not got rid of, one attains tiryak-yoni.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 3. 41 and 49; 4. 23. Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 62, 69.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Ajnāna (अज्नान, “ignorance”) refers to one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., ajnāna). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.(Source): archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i
Ajñāna (अज्ञान, “ignorance”) refers to a category of dispositions (bhāva) due to the rising of karmas (audayika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.6. What is the meaning of ignorance (ajñāna)? Inability to know /cognize an object is called ignorance.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n (S) Want of knowledge, ignorance. 2 Spiritual ignorance; worldly illusion; admission as real of the material world. 3 Want or absence of understanding or intelligence. Ex. pāṣāṇādi jaḍa- padārthī a0 rāhatēṃ. 4 Stupidity.
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ajñāna (अज्ञान).—a (S) Unlearned or ignorant: also stupid or dull.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n Ignorance. Worldly illusion. a Unlearned. Dull. A minor.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 15 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Avidyā (अविद्या, “ignorance”) refers to the first of the “twelve factors of conditional origina...
Sukha (सुख, “happiness”) refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as define...
Tama (तम).—Common term for the tad. affixes तमट् (tamaṭ) and तमप् (tamap).
janya (जन्य).—p (S) Born, produced, caused, formed, made. Ex. of comp. pittajanya, kaphajanya, ...
Ajānana, (°-) (nt.) (a + jānana) not knowing, ignorance (of) J.V, 199 (°bhāva); VI, 177 (°kāla...
ajñānī (अज्ञानी).—a Unlearned, ignorant.
bhaktihīna (भक्तिहीन).—a Of languid or unimpassioned devotion.
prapādaṇēṃ (प्रपादणें).—v t To prove, to maintain; to argue in defence of.
kāraṇadēha (कारणदेह).—m S kāraṇaśarīra n S The inner rudiment and causative frame or principle ...
brahmatatva (ब्रह्मतत्व).—n S Spiritual or essential truth, i. e. brahma as the substantial or ...
Parīṣaha (परीषह) refers to a “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāp...
Jagatsṛṣṭi (जगत्सृष्टि).—Evolution of Tattvas, etc. When the Śaktis did not attend to the...
Aghorabhairavamūrti (अघोरभैरवमूर्ति).—Another aspect of Śiva, annihilating the demon of darknes...
dōṣādōṣa (दोषादोष).—m (S) Blaming and not blaming: also blamablenessand unblamableness. Ex. jēt...
sōhammūrtti (सोहम्मूर्त्ति).—f S sōhammūrttibrahma n S (I-and-he-person; I-and-he-person consti...
Search found 32 books and stories containing Ajnana or Ajñāna. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 7 - The theory of Avidyā refuted < [Chapter XXIX-XXX - Controversy Between the Dualists and the Monists]
Part 5 - Perception of ajñāna (ignorance) < [Chapter XXIX-XXX - Controversy Between the Dualists and the Monists]
Part 6 - Inference of ajñāna < [Chapter XXIX-XXX - Controversy Between the Dualists and the Monists]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 10 - Ajñāna established by Perception and Inference < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 11 - Locus and Object of Ajñāna, Ahaṃkāra, and Antaḥkaraṇa < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 9 - The Definition of Ajñāna (nescience) < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 18 - Rāmānujadāsa alias Mahācārya < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 2 - Refutation of Śaṅkara’s avidyā < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 2 - A General Idea of Nimbārka’s Philosophy < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Sarvajñātma Muni (a.d. 900) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 10 - Sureśvara (a.d. 800) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 21 - Dialectic of Śaṅkara and Ānandajñāna < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
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