Ajnana, aka: Ajñāna, Ājñāna; 9 Definition(s)
Ajnana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Ajñāna (अज्ञान) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “ignorance” (imperfect knowledge). It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.121)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Ajñāna (अज्ञान).—Of tamas quality and the source of all dfficulties; the enemy to knowledge; creates a thirst for desire (rāga). If not got rid of, one attains tiryak-yoni.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 3. 41 and 49; 4. 23. Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 62, 69.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Ajnāna (अज्नान, “ignorance”) refers to one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., ajnāna). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i
Ajñāna (अज्ञान, “ignorance”) refers to a category of dispositions (bhāva) due to the rising of karmas (audayika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.6. What is the meaning of ignorance (ajñāna)? Inability to know /cognize an object is called ignorance.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Ajñāna (अज्ञान) refers to “ignorant attitude” and represents one of the five types of “wrong belief derived from teachings” (grahīta), itself representing one of the two types of mithyādarśana (wrong belief) which is one of the five causes of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 8.1.—What is ignorant attitude wrong belief (ajñāna)? Not having intellect to differentiate between what is good and what is evil is ignorant attitude wrong belief.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n (S) Want of knowledge, ignorance. 2 Spiritual ignorance; worldly illusion; admission as real of the material world. 3 Want or absence of understanding or intelligence. Ex. pāṣāṇādi jaḍa- padārthī a0 rāhatēṃ. 4 Stupidity.
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ajñāna (अज्ञान).—a (S) Unlearned or ignorant: also stupid or dull.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n Ignorance. Worldly illusion. a Unlearned. Dull. A minor.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Ajñāna (अज्ञान).—a. [na. ba.] Ignorant, unwise.
-nam [na. ta.] Ignorance, unconsciousness; especially, spirtual ignorance (avidyā) which makes one consider his self as distinct from the Supreme spirit and the material world as a reality. According to the Vedāntins, अज्ञान (ajñāna) is not merely a negative principle; (jñānasya abhāvaḥ), but a distinct positive principle; oft. identified with माया, प्रकृति (māyā, prakṛti) &c. See अविद्या (avidyā) aiso In compounds अज्ञान (ajñāna) may be translated by 'unawares,' 'inadvertently', 'unconsciously'; °आचरित, °उच्चारित (ācarita, °uccārita) &c.; °नतः, -°नेन, °नात् (nataḥ, -°nena, °nāt) unawares, inadvertently, unconsciously, unwillingly °तः स्वचरितं नृपतिः शशंस (taḥ svacaritaṃ nṛpatiḥ śaśaṃsa) R.9.77. committed unintentionally or unconsciously.
-parīkṣā See अज्ञातवस्तुशास्त्र (ajñātavastuśāstra).
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Ājñāna (आज्ञान).—The act of observing, perceiving (ājñānaṃ = ājñaptiḥ īśvarabhāvaḥ Śaṅkara.).
Derivable forms: ājñānam (आज्ञानम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ājñāna (आज्ञान).—(nt.; neither Sanskrit id. nor Pali aññāṇa is recorded in this sense), authority, substantially = Sanskrit ājñā, Pali āṇā: Gv 493.2 kalyāṇamitrājñānaṃ na vilo- mayanti.In LV 3.13 -asaṅgājñāna-, read -asaṅga-jñāna- with best ms. A; so also LV 4.6; see Pūrvabuddhānu- smṛty-asa°.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 38 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Viṣayājñāna (विषयाज्ञान).—sleepiness, exhaustion. Derivable forms: viṣayājñānam (विषयाज्ञानम्)....
Sīmājñāna (सीमाज्ञान).—ignorance of boundaries; सीमाज्ञाने नृणां वीक्ष्य नित्यं लोके विपर्ययम् ...
Māyā (“deceit”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).
1) Andha (अन्ध).—An offspring of Kaśyapa by his wife Kadrū. (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter...
Sukha (सुख).—mfn. (-khaḥ-khā-khaṃ) 1. Happy, joyful, delighted. 2. Virtuous, pious. 3. Easy, pr...
Avidyā (अविद्या, “invalid knowledge”) refers to one of two types of Buddhi (cognition) accordin...
Śodhana (शोधन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Cleaning, purifying &c., that which cleanses, refines, &...
Tama (तम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentio...
Mālādhāra (मालाधार).—also °rin, q.v., m. (regularly pl.), n. of a class of godlings, in Mv i.30...
ānana (आनन).—n The mouth; the face.
Janya (जन्य).—Rational right triangle or rectangle from which other rational figures are to be ...
Abuddha (अबुद्ध).—a. Foolish, unwise; अपवादमात्रमबुद्धानाम् (apavādamātramabuddhānām) Sān. S.-d...
Cārumati (चारुमति) is the name of a parrot (śuka) and warder of Hemaprabha, according to the Ka...
Ājanana (आजनन).—High birth or origin, famous or wellknown origin. -ind. From birth.Derivable fo...
1) Siṃhavikrama (सिंहविक्रम) is the name of an ancient Vidyādhara king, according to the Kathās...
Search found 35 books and stories containing Ajnana, Ajñāna or Ājñāna. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 7 - The theory of Avidyā refuted < [Chapter XXIX-XXX - Controversy Between the Dualists and the Monists]
Part 5 - Perception of ajñāna (ignorance) < [Chapter XXIX-XXX - Controversy Between the Dualists and the Monists]
Part 6 - Inference of ajñāna < [Chapter XXIX-XXX - Controversy Between the Dualists and the Monists]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 10 - Ajñāna established by Perception and Inference < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 11 - Locus and Object of Ajñāna, Ahaṃkāra, and Antaḥkaraṇa < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 9 - The Definition of Ajñāna (nescience) < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 18 - Rāmānujadāsa alias Mahācārya < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 2 - Refutation of Śaṅkara’s avidyā < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 2 - A General Idea of Nimbārka’s Philosophy < [Chapter XXI - The Nimbārka School of Philosophy]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - Sarvajñātma Muni (a.d. 900) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 10 - Sureśvara (a.d. 800) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 21 - Dialectic of Śaṅkara and Ānandajñāna < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)