Aja, Ajā: 41 definitions


Aja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aaj.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Aja (अज):—First of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. Aja has sixteen arms. In the right hands he keeps the śūla, aṅkuśa, kapāla, ḍamaru, sarpa, mudgara, akṣamālā and sudarśana (chakra); of the left hands, one is held in the tarjanī pose, while the others carry the gadā, khaṭvāṅga, paṭiśa (a sharp edged iron rod), ghaṇṭa, śakti, paraśu and kamaṇḍalu.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—For the great Kings Raghu and Aja, Ardha-patāka hands as aforesaid are used respectively right and left.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Aja (अज).—Description of a women of goat (aja) type;—A woman who is thin, has small arms and breasts, moving red eyes, short hands and feet, is covered with fine hairs, and is timid, shy of water, fond of forests, restless, swiftly moving, and has many offsprings, is said to have the nature of a goat (aja).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Aja (अज):—Son of Raghu (son of Dīrghabāhu). He had a son named Daśaratha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.10.1)

2) Aja (अज):—Son of Ūrjaketu (son of Sanadvāja). He had a son named Purujit. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.22)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Aja (अज) falls under the category of domesticated animals (grāmya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

Aja. It is born of the Creator’s mouth. It is included in the list of grāmya-paśus. It is a useful animal in yajñas (as a victim) along with cows, mahiṣas, aśvas, hastins, and birds. It is said that at the end of the Kali age people will be keeping aja, eḍaka, khara and uṣṭra as their pet animals. At the time of the birth of Skanda Kārtikeya, Vāyu gave him mayūra and kukkuṭa; lord Svayaṃbhū gave him aja and Śiva gave him meṣa as presents.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Aja (अज).—A king of the Solar dynasty. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were descended in order: Brahmā, Marīci-Kaśyapa-Vivasvān-Vaivasvata-Ikṣvāku-Vikukṣi-Saśāda-Purañjaya-Kukutstha-Anenas-Pṛthulāśvā-Prasenajit-Yuvanāśva-Mandhātā-Purukutsa-Trasadasyu-Anaraṇya-Aryaśva-Vasumanas-Sudhanvā-Traiyāruṇa-Satyavrata-Triśaṅku-Hariścandra-Rohitāśva-Harita-Cuñcu-Sudeva-Bharuka-Bāhuka-Sagara-Asamañjas-Aṃśumān-Dilīpa-Bhagīratha-Śrutanābha-Sindhudvīpa-Ayutāyus-Ṛtuparṇa-Sarvakāma-Sudāsana-Mitrasakha-Kalmāṣapāda-Aśmaka-Mūlaka-Dilīpa-Dīrghabāhu-Raghu-Aja-Aja’s son Daśaratha-Daśaratha’s son, Śrī Rāma.

Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 115, Verse 75 says that Aja never used to take meat. (See full article at Story of Aja from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Aja (अज).—Among the different kinds of Ṛṣis mentioned by Yudhiṣṭhira, we find a class of Ṛṣis called Ajas. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 26). These Ajas had attained Heaven by Svādhyāya (self discipline) alone.

3) Aja (अज).—King Jahnu had a son named Aja. Uśika was the son of this Aja. King Uśika prayed to Indra for a son. Indra himself was born as the son of Uśika assuming the name Gādhi. Satyavatī was born as the daughter of Gādhi. She was married to Ṛcīka. Paraśurāma’s father, Jamadagni was the son of Ṛcīka. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 49).

4) Aja (अज).—By the grace of Śiva Surabhī was able to purify herself by penance. She then gave birth to Aja, Ekapāt, Ahirbudhnya, Tvaṣṭā and Rudra. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

5) Aja (अज).—In the first Manvantara* Svāyambhuva, in the second Manvantara Svārociṣa and in the third Manvantara Uttama, were Manus. To the third Manu, Uttama, were born as sons Aja, Paraśu, Dīpta and others. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 3, Chapter 1).

Besides the above, the term Aja has been used to mean Sūrya, Śiva, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Bīja (seed).

*) One Manvantara is a period equal to 4,320,000 human years or equal to (1/4)th day of Brahmā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aja (अज).—A name of Brahmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 4. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 62; 98. 54.

1b) A son of Pratihartā and Stuti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 5.

1c) A Rudra, and a son of Bhūta and Sarūpā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 17.

1d) The son of Raghu, and father of Daśaratha. (Burnouf makes Aja, son of Pṛthuśravas. But Pṛthuśravas here is an adjective of Raghu meaning—highly renowned).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 184; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 183: Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 85-6.

1e) The son of Ūrdhvaketu and father of Purujit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 22.

1f) A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 10.

1g) A son of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 185; 62. 9. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 15.

1h) A Kūṣmāṇḍa Piśāca, one of the two sons of Kapī. Had a daughter Jantudhanā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 74-85.

1i) An attribute of Kumāra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 48.

1j) A Sudhamāna god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 60.

1k) A horse of the chariot of the moon.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 126. 52.

1l) (and Ajā)—the one god and goddess; mystery of; Ajā, eight letters, sixteen hands, and feet, four faces, three knots of hair, one horned goddess—Māyā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 20. 28-29.

1m) A son of Bhṛgu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 87.

1n) A division of the night.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 43.

1o) The name of a Dānava.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 11.

1p) The name given to Dhanvantari when he first appeared out of the churning of the ocean for nectar.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 10.

2) Ajā (अजा).—Born of Yaśodā—Māyā (s.v);1 the energy of the Creator—through her, Hari is spoken of in nine forms.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 3. 47; 13. 52.
  • 2) Ib., XI. 9. 28; XII. 11. 31.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Aja (अज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Aja (अज) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “goat”, the meat of which is used as a medicinal substance throughout Ayurvedic literature. It was documented by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Goat (and sheep) cannot be easily assigned to groups because of their mixed habitat. The meat of the goat is not too cold, too heavy and too unctuous, does not vitiate doṣas, because of similarity with dhātus it protes the bulk of body and does not block the channels.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Āja (आज) refers to “milk coming from the goat”, as mentioned in verse 5.24 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] among the (different kinds of milk [viz., payas]), [...] light by the drinking of (only) little water, by exertion, and by the eating of pungent and bitter (herbs), goat’s milk (is) destructive of desiccation, fever, dyspnea, hemorrhage, and diarrhea”.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Aja (अज) refers to the Markhor (Capra talconeri), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Ajā (अजा) refers to the nineteenth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (e.g., Ajā) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Aja (अज) refers to:—A name of God; the Unborn One. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Aja (अज) refers to a type of goat breed (Capra falconeri).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Aja] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Aja (अज) refers to a “sheep”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It also treats of the prediction of events from the flight of the kañjana and from the appearance of various abnormal phenomena, of expiatory ceremonies; of miscellaneous planetary phenomena; of ghṛta-kambala; of the royal sword; of paṭa; of the features of a house cock, a cow, a sheep [i.e., aja], a horse, an elephant, a man and a woman. It also treats of the treatment of women; of moles in the body; of injuries to shoes and clothes; of hairy fans; of walking sticks: of beds and seats; of lamplight; of tooth brush and the like”.

2) Aja (अज) or Ajavīthi refers to one the nine divisions of the ecliptic, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9).—Accordingly, “The ecliptic is divided into nine divisions known as Vīthis (paths), According to some each division consists of three constellations beginning from Aśvini. [...] According to others the Airāvata Vīthi consists of the constellations of Hasta, Viśākhā and Citrā; [...]”.

3) Āja (आज) is another name for Pūrvabhādrapada, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvabhādrapada [i.e., āja] will be thieves, shepherds, torturers; wicked, mean and deceitful; will possess no virtues; neglect religious rites and will be successful in fight”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Aja (अज) refers to one of the eight Bhairavas (bhairava-aṣṭaka) associated with Avyaktapīṭha (i.e., ‘the unmanifest seat’ representing the act of churning—manthāna), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Bhairavas (bhairavāṣṭaka): Nitya, Nāda, Aja, Kāraṇa, Avyaya, Sarvaga, Śāśvata, Sthāṇu.

2) Aja (अज) refers to the Secret Language (bhāṣā, choma) associated with Pūrṇagiri, one of the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Aja (अज) refers to a “goat”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If a dog steps over a cord, [the officiant] should prognosticate the bone of a dog [beneath] the [spot of the site]. If a mouse passes [over a cord], [the officiant] should prognosticate bones of goats and sheep (aja-avika-asthi) [beneath the site]. If rams or sheep (ajāvika) [step over a cord], there is the bone of a cow [beneath the site]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Aja (अज) refers to “(male) goats”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.110-113, while describing the king’s consecration]—“[...] When [he has] perfected [the king] through the nīrājana rite, O beloved, the Mantrin, in order to protect and with an eager mind focused on the fire, anoints many [male] goats (aja) to satisfy the spirit community [such as the Mātṛs, Yoginīs, and deities]. Once he knows the auspicious words and day, then he goes forth in three directions [north, northeast, and west], conferring siddhi to all”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Aja (अज) refers to “(that which is) unborn”, according to the Muṇḍakopaniṣad 2.1.2-3:.—Accordingly, while describing Brahma and the mind: “For, the [cosmic] man is divine, formless, outside and inside [of everything], unborn (aja), breathless, mindless, radiant and higher than the highest imperishable one”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Advaita Vedanta)

Aja (अज) refers to “(that which is) unborn” and is used to describe Brahma, according to the Māṇḍūkyopaniṣatkārikā 3.35cd-36.—Accordingly, while discussing Brahma (without attributes): “That very [mind, free of thought and restrained,] is fearless Brahma, [which is] the light of gnosis [pervading] everywhere. [It is] unborn (aja), devoid of sleep and dreaming, unnamed, formless, manifested [all] at once and omniscient [This statement] is not figurative in any way”.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Aja (अज), Ajā (अजा).—This is the ordinary name for goat in the Ṛgveda and the later literature. The goat is also called Basta, Chāga, Chagala. Goats and sheep (ajāvaya) are very frequently mentioned together. The female goat is spoken of as producing two or three kids, and goat’s milk is well known. The goat as representative of Pūṣan plays an important part in the ritual of burial. The occupation of a goatherd (ajapāla) was a recognized one, being distinguished from that of a cowherd and of a shepherd.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Aja was a King of the solar dynasty, the son of Nabhaga. He is the father of Dasharatha, and thus the grand-father of Rama.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Aja (अज) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Ajakī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Aja] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Source: WikiPedia: Tibetan Buddhism

Aja (अज) (in Tibetan: Gyälka) (927–1027 CE) refers to the eleventh of the twenty-five Kalki kings (of Shambhala) who represents the holders of the Kalachakra (“wheel of time”) teachings of Buddha Shakyamuni.—The king Aja is described as “who binds with unbreakable iron chains”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Aja in India is the name of a plant defined with Saussurea gossypiphora in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aplotaxis gossypina DC. (among others).

2) Aja in Nigeria is also identified with Afzelia africana It has the synonym Afzelia africana J.E. Smith ex Pers. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Synopseos Plantarum (1805)
· Mende Natural History Vocabulary. (1913)
· Journal of Japanese Botany (2003)
· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1798)
· Manding Art and Civilisation. (1972)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Aja, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aja : (m.) goat. || ajā (f.) she-goat.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ajā, (f.) a she-goat J.III, 125; IV, 251. (Page 10)

— or —

Aja, (Vedic aja fr. aj (Lat. ago to drive), cp. ajina) a hegoat, a ram D.I, 6, 127; A.II, 207; J.I, 241; III, 278 sq.; V, 241; Pug.56; PvA.80.

aja-pada refers to a stick cloven like a goat’s hoof; so also at Vism.161. (Page 9)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aja (अज).—a S Unborn, uncreate. Used of God. Ex. aja ajita pūrṇa anāma || Uncreate, sovereign lord, who knoweth his name? Ex. mī aja ajita sarvēśrvara || mīca naṭalōṃ carācara || In these examples ajita has the force of Haud ulli secundus. See phrase under ajita.

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aja (अज).—ind ( P From.) The name of the line drawn over the items of a paper of accounts: also of the column, and of the several places or lines of it, in which are set down the sums or numbers total of the monies or goods (disbursed, received, purchased, sold). 2 From. Esp. in official papers. ajīṃ nasaṇēṃ Not to be even in the aja (gross total); i. e. not to be at all, to be wanting utterly. Ex. ajīṃ ḍabbī nāhīṃ tapakīra kōṇhīkaḍē pāhavī. ajī bāda or ta-karaṇēṃ. ajīṃ vajā karaṇēṃ To deduct from the aja or gross total. Hence, ajīṃ & ajī- bāda with neg. con. come to signify, None or not at all; and to be used sometimes in the other senses of agadīṃ q. v. Moreover ajībāda, further corrupted into ajābāda, will be used in almost all the senses given under acānaka. The acceptations and uses of words introduced from the Arabic, Persian, and Hindustani are absolutely lawless. ajīṃ vajā karaṇēṃ further expresses an ordinary mode of peculation;--to abstract from the aja or gross amount before bringing it to account by taphaśīla or detail.

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aja (अज).—m S A he-goat.

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ajā (अजा).—f (S) A she-goat. 2 Illusion, unreality, ideality of the universe. ajākṛpāṇīyanyāya The maxim of the sword upon the neck of the goat. Expressive of meekness and absolute helplessness.

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ajā (अजा).—m (ārya S) A grand-father, pat. or mat. Pr. ajyāsa nātū śikavitō.

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āja (आज).—ad (ādya S) To-day. The word divasa is often added to it; as ājacā divasa.

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āja (आज).—& its phrases ājīṃ nasaṇēṃ &c. See under aja.

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ājā (आजा).—m (ādya or ārya S) A grandfather pat. or mat. Pr. ājyāsa nātū śikavitō.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aja (अज).—a Unborn. m A he-goat.

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ajā (अजा).—f A she-goat. Illusion, ideality of the universe.

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āja (आज).—ad To–day.

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ājā (आजा).—m A grandfather. ājā mēlā nātū jhālā There was a death and a birth, hence, no difference in the number of mouths to feed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aja (अज).—a. [na jāyate; jan-ḍa. na. ta.] Unborn, existing from all eternity; यो मामजमनादिं च वेत्ति लोकमहेश्वरम् (yo māmajamanādiṃ ca vetti lokamaheśvaram) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1. 3; अजस्य गृह्णतो जन्म (ajasya gṛhṇato janma) R.1.24.

-jaḥ 1 The 'unborn', epithet of the Almighty Being; न हि जातो न जायेऽहं न जनिष्ये कदाचन । क्षेत्रज्ञः सर्वभूतानां तस्मादहमजः स्मृतः (na hi jāto na jāye'haṃ na janiṣye kadācana | kṣetrajñaḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ tasmādahamajaḥ smṛtaḥ) || Mb.; also a Name of Viṣṇu, Śiva or Brahmā.

2) The (individual) soul (jīvaḥ) अजो नित्यः शाश्वतोऽयं पुराणो न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे (ajo nityaḥ śāśvato'yaṃ purāṇo na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.2.

3) A ram, he-goat (ajena brahmaṇā dakṣayajñabhaṅgasamaye meṣarūpagrahaṇena palāyamānatvāt ajādhiṣṭhitarūpavattvāt meṣasya upacārāt ajatvam Tv.]

4) The sign Aries.

5) A sort of corn or grain; ajairyaṣṭavyaṃ tatrājā vrīhayaḥ Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.

6) Mover, leader (Ved.), said of Indra, Maruts, &c.; a drove.

7) Name of a mineral substance (mākṣikadhātu).

8) Name of the Moon or Kāmadeva (āt viṣṇorjāyate iti; cf. candramā manaso jātaḥ).

9) A vehicle of the sun.

1) Name of the father of Daśaratha and grand-father of Rāma; so called because he was born on the Brāhma Muhūrta.

11) Name of a Ṛiṣi. cf. अजो हरौ हरे कामे विधौ छागे रघोः सुते (ajo harau hare kāme vidhau chāge raghoḥ sute) | Nm.

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Ajā (अजा).—[na jāyate ityajā]

1) (According to Sāṅkhya Philosophy) Prakṛti or Māyā, the verse which refers to अजा (ajā), (ajāmekāṃ lohitaśuklakṛṣṇām &c.) is interpreted by the Vedāntins as referring to the प्रकृति (prakṛti) consisting of तेजस्, अप् (tejas, ap) and अन्न (anna), See Ś. B.

2) A she-goat.

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Āja (आज).—a. (- f.) [अजस्येदं-अण् (ajasyedaṃ-aṇ)] Coming from, belonging to, or produced by, goats; आजेन मासान्प्रीयन्ते पञ्चैव पितरो नृप (ājena māsānprīyante pañcaiva pitaro nṛpa) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.88.6.

-jaḥ A vulture.

-jam 1 Ghee or clarified butter.

2) Throwing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aja (अज).—m.

(-jaḥ) A name of Brahma 2. Also of Vishnu 3. A name of Siva. 4. Also of Kama. Cupid. 5. A proper name, the son of Raghu, and father of Dasaratha. 6. A he-goat. 7. A sheep. 8. A mineral substance. See mākṣika f.

(-jā) 1. A she-goat. 2. Illusion, the unreality of the universe, personified as Sakti. mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Unborn. E. a neg. and ja born. unborn; or aja to go, aff. ac.

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Āja (आज).—n.

(-jaṃ) Oiled butter. E. āṅ before aja to go, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aja (अज).—[a-ja], adj., f. . Unborn.

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Aja (अज).—. 1. m. A he-goat. 2. f. . A she-goat.

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Āja (आज).—i. e. 2. aja + a, adj. 1. Coming from goats. 2. Made of goat’s flesh, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 66.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aja (अज).—1. [masculine] drift, rush; driver, mover (often [with] ekapad q.v.); [Name] of a king; he-goat, [feminine] ā she-goat.

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Aja (अज).—2. [adjective] unborn; [feminine] ā nature (ph.).

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Āja (आज).—[adjective] coming from or belonging to goats; [neuter] [Epithet] of a cert. lunar mansion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aja (अज):—[from aj] 1. aja m. a drove, troop (of Maruts), [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] a driver, mover, instigator, leader

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Indra, of Rudra, of one of the Maruts ([aja eka-pā, [Ṛg-veda, and] aja eka-pāda, [Atharva-veda]]), of Agni, of the sun, of Brahmā, of Viṣṇu, of Śiva, of Kāma (cf. 2. a-ja)

4) [v.s. ...] the leader of a flock

5) [v.s. ...] a he-goat, ram (cf. [Greek] αἴξ,αἰγός; [Lithuanian] oẓys)

6) [v.s. ...] the sign Aries

7) [v.s. ...] the vehicle of Agni

8) [v.s. ...] beam of the sun (Pūṣan)

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a descendant of Viśvāmitra, and of Daśaratha’s or Dīrghabāhu’s father

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a mineral substance

11) [v.s. ...] of a kind of rice

12) [v.s. ...] of the moon

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a people, [Ṛg-veda vii, 18, 19]

14) [v.s. ...] of a class of Ṛṣis, [Mahābhārata]

15) Ajā (अजा):—[from aja > aj] a f. Name of Prakṛti, of Māyā or Illusion See a-jā (sub voce 2. a-jā)

16) [v.s. ...] a she-goat

17) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant whose bulbs resemble the udder of a goat, [Suśruta]

18) Aja (अज):—[=a-ja] 2. a-ja mfn. not born, existing from all eternity

19) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the first uncreated being, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

20) [v.s. ...] Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Kāma

21) Ajā (अजा):—[=a-jā] [from a-ja] b f. Name of Prakṛti, Māyā or Illusion (See also 1. aja and 1. ajana).

22) c f. a she-goat. See 1. aja.

23) Āja (आज):—mfn. ([from] 1. aja), coming from or belonging to goats, produced by goats, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

24) m. a vulture, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) a descendant of Aja

26) Ājā (आजा):—[from āja] f. (only used for the [etymology] of ajā) = ajā, a she-goat, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii]

27) Āja (आज):—n. the lunar mansion PūrvāBhādrapadā (presided over by Aja Ekapād), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

28) clarified butter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aja (अज):—I. 1. m.

(-jaḥ) 1) The mover, the instigator.

2) As such, this word occurs in the Vedas, for the most part in conjunction with ekapād (q. v.), as an epithet or as a synonyme of [a.]) Indra, [b.]) Rudra, one of the Maruts, [c.]) Agni, [d.]) Pūṣan or Sūrya; in the epic and paurāṇik literature as a synonyme of [a.]) Brahmā (see also ajana), [b.]) Viṣṇu, [c.]) Śiva, [d.]) Kāma; in philosophical texts, in its feminine form (ajā) as a synonyme of [a.]) Prakṛti or Nature, [b.]) Māyā or Illusion, the unreality of Nature or Universe.

3) A proper name, viz. [a.]) A descendant of Viśvāmitra. [b.]) A prince of the solar race, the son of Raghu and father of Daśaratha, or according to others, the grandson of Raghu, the son of Dilīpa and father of Dīrghabāhu; or the son of Nābhāga and father of Daśaratha.

4) A he-goat. This animal was considered as the vehicle of Pūṣan, the sun, (see ajāśva) and also as consecrated to Agni and Soma conjointly.

5) (In astronomy.) The sign Aries.

6) The name of a mineral substance. See mākṣika and ajanāmaka.

7) A kind of rice, three or seven years old(?).

8) The moon(?). 2. m. pl.

(-jāḥ) The name of [a.]) a sort of Ṛṣis in Brahma’s heaven; [b.]) a people mentioned in the Vedas. 3. f.

(-jā) 1) Prakṛti or Nature.

2) Māyā or Illusion (see aja m.).

3) A she-goat.

4) The name of a plant, the bulbs of which resemble the udder of a she-goat. E. aj, kṛt aff. ac; in the fem. with the aff. ṭāp. 1. 4. and 2. 3. implying ‘the quick animal’. Ii. [tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-jaḥ-jā-jam) Unborn. This meaning has been applied to aja in the sense of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Kāma, and ajā in the sense of Prakṛti and Māyā. But see before. E. a neg. and ja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aja (अज):—[a-ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. A name of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva; a he-goat, sheep; () 1. f. a she-goat.

2) Āja (आज):—(jaṃ) 1. n. Oiled butter.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aja (अज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aya, Ayā, Āya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aja (अज) [Also spelled aj]:—(a) unborn, eternal.

2) Aja (अज) [Also spelled aj]:—(ind) from; ~[khuda] on one’s own, by oneself; ~[gaibī] divine; ~[tarpha] from; -[sare-nau] de novo, anew; ~[hada] very much, too much.

3) Āja (आज) [Also spelled aaj]:—(adv and nm)today;—[mare -kala dūsarā dina] mundane strains soon set off the blow of bereavement, unpleasant memories do not last very long.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aja (ಅಜ):—

1) [adjective] without a birth; existing from all eternity.

2) [adjective] not yet born; unborn.

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Aja (ಅಜ):—

1) [noun] one who is existing from all eternity; the Supreme Being.

2) [noun] he who is born from Viṣṇu ; Brahma.

3) [noun] (in gen.) an epithet of Brahma, Viṣṇu or Śiva.

4) [noun] the individual soul.

5) [noun] the Sun.

6) [noun] the Moon.

7) [noun] Manmatha, the Love-God.

8) [noun] the jina, the sanctified teacher in Jainism.

9) [noun] the leader of a flock.

10) [noun] a he-goat.

11) [noun] a ram.

12) [noun] the first of the twelve zodiac signs; the Aries.

13) [noun] seasoned paddy.

14) [noun] rain.

15) [noun] an ocean.

16) [noun] an elephant.

17) [noun] the earth.

18) [noun] a female human being ; a woman.

19) [noun] deliverance from the worldly affairs; salvation of the soul.

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Āja (ಆಜ):—[adjective] of, related or got from goats.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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