Aira, Airā: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Aira means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Airā (ऐरा) is the mother of Śāntinātha according to Digambara (but she is named Acirā according to Śvetāmbara), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Śāntinātha is the sixteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Airā is Viśvasena. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

airā (ऐरा).—m See ahirā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aira (ऐर).—A heap.

Derivable forms: airam (ऐरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aira (ऐर):—mfn. ([from] irā), relating to or consisting of water or refreshment or food, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā ii; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa] [commentator or commentary] on [Chāndogya-upaniṣad viii, 5, 3]

2) n. a heap or plenty of food or refreshment

3) (with madīya) Name of a lake in Brahman’s world, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad viii, 5, 3.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Aira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aira (ऐर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Acira.

2) Aira (ऐर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ajira.

3) Aira (ऐर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Atara.

4) Airā (ऐरा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Acirāt.

5) Airā (ऐरा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Acirā.

Airā has the following synonyms: Airāṇī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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