Aindra; 8 Definition(s)


Aindra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Aindra in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—A division of the day;1 the direction.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 41.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—Name of an ancient school of grammar and of the treatise also, belonging to that school, believed to have been written under instructions of Indra. The work is not available. Patañjali mentions that Bṛhaspati instructed Indra for one thousand celestial years and still did not finish his instructions in words': (M. Bh. I.1.1). The Taittirīya Saṃhitā mentions the same. Pāṇini has referred to some ancient grammarians of the East by the word प्राचाम् (prācām) without mentioning their names, and scholars like Burnell think that the grammar assigned to Indra is to be referred to by the word प्राचाम् (prācām). The Bṛhatkathāmañjarī remarks that Pāṇini's grammar threw into the background the Aindra Grammar. Some scholars believe that Kalāpa grammar which is available today is based upon Aindra,just as Cāndra is based upon Pāṇini's grammar. References to Aindra Grammar are found in the commentary on the Sārasvata Vyākaraṇa, in the Kavikalpadruma of Bopadeva as also in the commentary upon the Mahābhārata by Devabodha.Quotations, although very few, are given by some writers from the work. All these facts prove that there was an ancient pre-Pāṇinian treatise on Grammar assigned to इन्द्र (indra) which was called Aindra-Vyākaraṇa.For details see Dr.Burnell's 'Aindra School of Sanskrit Grammarians' as also Vol. VII pages 124-126 of Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya, edited by the D.E.Society, Poona.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) or Aindrāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Aṃśumāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Aindra Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Aṃśumān-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) or Aindrāgama also refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Rauravāgama.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) is one of the six divisions of sthānaka, one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which in turn represents one of the four “movements of the feet” (pāda) according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa. Aindra-sthānaka in Bharatanatyam is a standing posture with one leg bent, raising the knee of other leg and holding the hands downwards. In iconography, there is no aindra-maṇḍala, but there are postures that look like aindra-maṇḍala.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—In iconography, there is no aindra-maṇḍala, but there are postures that look like aindra-maṇḍala. The postures that are similar to the aindra-maṇḍala are sukhāsana (where the body is held erect without shift or curve to any side, with one leg folded flat and the other hanging in a very reposeful manner and the hands held together in equilibrium) and vīrāsana (where one leg is hung down and placed on the ground with the other leg bent, with the foot resting on its thigh, and the body is held erect in an aggressive manner).

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

aindra (ऐंद्र).—m S The 26th of the astronomical Yogas.

--- OR ---

aindra (ऐंद्र).—a S Relating to Indra.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—a. (-ndrī f.) [इन्द्र-अण् (indra-aṇ)] Belonging or sacred to Indra; ऋद्धं हि राज्यं पदमैन्द्रमाहुः (ṛddhaṃ hi rājyaṃ padamaindramāhuḥ) R.2.5;6.27.

-ndraḥ 1 Name of Arjuna and of Vāli (who are regarded as sons of indra).

2) Name of a Saṃvatsara.

3) The part of a sacrifice offered to Indra.

-ndrī 1 Name of a Ṛik addressed to Indra; इत्यादिका काचिदैन्द्री समाम्नाता (ityādikā kācidaindrī samāmnātā) J. N. V.

2) The east, eastern direction (prescribed over by Indra); अयमैन्द्रीमुखं पश्य रक्तश्चुम्बति चन्द्रमाः (ayamaindrīmukhaṃ paśya raktaścumbati candramāḥ) Chandr.5.58; Ki.9. 18.

3) The eighteenth lunar mansion.

4) The eighth day in the second half of the months of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa) and पौष (pauṣa).

5) Indra's energy (personified as his wife Śachī).

6) Misfortune, misery.

7) A kind of cucumber.

8) An epithet of Durgā.

9) Small cardamom; यष्टयाह्वमैन्द्रीनलि- नानि दूर्वा (yaṣṭayāhvamaindrīnali- nāni dūrvā) Charak.

-ndram 1 The eighteenth lunar mansion (jyeṣṭhā).

2) Wild ginger.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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