Aindra, Aimdra: 18 definitions


Aindra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—A division of the day;1 the direction.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 41.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 40.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—Name of an ancient school of grammar and of the treatise also, belonging to that school, believed to have been written under instructions of Indra. The work is not available. Patañjali mentions that Bṛhaspati instructed Indra for one thousand celestial years and still did not finish his instructions in words': (M. Bh. I.1.1). The Taittirīya Saṃhitā mentions the same. Pāṇini has referred to some ancient grammarians of the East by the word प्राचाम् (prācām) without mentioning their names, and scholars like Burnell think that the grammar assigned to Indra is to be referred to by the word प्राचाम् (prācām). The Bṛhatkathāmañjarī remarks that Pāṇini's grammar threw into the background the Aindra Grammar. Some scholars believe that Kalāpa grammar which is available today is based upon Aindra,just as Cāndra is based upon Pāṇini's grammar. References to Aindra Grammar are found in the commentary on the Sārasvata Vyākaraṇa, in the Kavikalpadruma of Bopadeva as also in the commentary upon the Mahābhārata by Devabodha.Quotations, although very few, are given by some writers from the work. All these facts prove that there was an ancient pre-Pāṇinian treatise on Grammar assigned to इन्द्र (indra) which was called Aindra-Vyākaraṇa.For details see Dr.Burnell's 'Aindra School of Sanskrit Grammarians' as also Vol. VII pages 124-126 of Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya, edited by the D.E.Society, Poona.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) or Aindrāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Aṃśumāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Aindra Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Aṃśumān-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) or Aindrāgama also refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Rauravāgama.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) is one of the six divisions of sthānaka, one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which in turn represents one of the four “movements of the feet” (pāda) according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa. Aindra-sthānaka in Bharatanatyam is a standing posture with one leg bent, raising the knee of other leg and holding the hands downwards. In iconography, there is no aindra-maṇḍala, but there are postures that look like aindra-maṇḍala.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—In iconography, there is no aindra-maṇḍala, but there are postures that look like aindra-maṇḍala. The postures that are similar to the aindra-maṇḍala are sukhāsana (where the body is held erect without shift or curve to any side, with one leg folded flat and the other hanging in a very reposeful manner and the hands held together in equilibrium) and vīrāsana (where one leg is hung down and placed on the ground with the other leg bent, with the foot resting on its thigh, and the body is held erect in an aggressive manner).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) is another name for “Jyeṣṭha” (the 18th constellation), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the moon should pass to the south of Jyeṣṭha (the 18th constellation) [i.e., aindra], Mūla (the 19th constellation) and the two Āṣāḍhas (20th and 21st constellations) she destroys seeds, creatures in water and forests; and there will also be fear from fire. If the moon should pass to the south of Viśākhā (the 16th constellation) and Anurādhā (the 17th constellation) she will bring on evil. If she should pass through the middle of Maghā (the 10th constellation) or of Viśākhā (the 16th constellation) she will bring on prosperity”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pancaratra (Samhita list)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography.—For the list of works, see chapter 1, verses 14b-27. The list [including Aindra-saṃhitā] was said to have comprised “108” titles, these, different saṃhitās named after different manifestations of the Lord or different teachers. They are all said to be authoritative as the ultimate promulgator of all these is the same Nārāyaṇa.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aindra (ऐंद्र).—m S The 26th of the astronomical Yogas.

--- OR ---

aindra (ऐंद्र).—a S Relating to Indra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—a. (-ndrī f.) [इन्द्र-अण् (indra-aṇ)] Belonging or sacred to Indra; ऋद्धं हि राज्यं पदमैन्द्रमाहुः (ṛddhaṃ hi rājyaṃ padamaindramāhuḥ) R.2.5;6.27.

-ndraḥ 1 Name of Arjuna and of Vāli (who are regarded as sons of indra).

2) Name of a Saṃvatsara.

3) The part of a sacrifice offered to Indra.

-ndrī 1 Name of a Ṛik addressed to Indra; इत्यादिका काचिदैन्द्री समाम्नाता (ityādikā kācidaindrī samāmnātā) J. N. V.

2) The east, eastern direction (prescribed over by Indra); अयमैन्द्रीमुखं पश्य रक्तश्चुम्बति चन्द्रमाः (ayamaindrīmukhaṃ paśya raktaścumbati candramāḥ) Chandr.5.58; Kirātārjunīya 9. 18.

3) The eighteenth lunar mansion.

4) The eighth day in the second half of the months of मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa) and पौष (pauṣa).

5) Indra's energy (personified as his wife Śachī).

6) Misfortune, misery.

7) A kind of cucumber.

8) An epithet of Durgā.

9) Small cardamom; यष्टयाह्वमैन्द्रीनलि- नानि दूर्वा (yaṣṭayāhvamaindrīnali- nāni dūrvā) Charak.

-ndram 1 The eighteenth lunar mansion (jyeṣṭhā).

2) Wild ginger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—mfn.

(-ndraḥ-ndrā-ndraṃ) Sacred, or relating to the god Indra. m.

(-ndraḥ) 1. A name of the monkey king Bali. 2. A name of Arjuna. f. (-ndrī) 1. The wife of Indra. 2. The goddess Durga. 3. Misfortune, misery, (personified.) 4. The name of a plant, a kind of cucumber, (Cucumis madraspatanus.) 5. The constellation Jyesht'ha. 6. The east quarter, of which Indra is regent. E. indra, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—i. e. indra + a, adj., f. . 1. Belonging to Indra, [Arjunasamāgama] 4, 32. 2. Like that which belongs to Indra, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 93. 3. Indra-like, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 344. 4. Devoted to Indra, Mahābhārata 3, 1494.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aindra (ऐन्द्र).—[feminine] ī Indra's belonging to or coming from [Intensive]; [neuter] [Epithet] of a lunar mansion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aindra (ऐन्द्र):—mf(ī)n. ([from] indra), belonging to or sacred to Indra, coming or proceeding from Indra, similar to Indra, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) m. ([scilicet] bhāga) that part of a sacrifice which is offered to Indra, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) n. the lunar mansion Jyeṣṭhā, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) Name of several Sāmans

5) of a country in Bhāratavarṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) wild ginger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aindra (ऐन्द्र):—[(ndraḥ-ndrā-ndraṃ) a.] Sacred to Indra. 1. m. A name of the monkey king Bāli. ndrī f. Wife of Indra; Indra’s quarter; Durgā; misery; a cucumber; a constellation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aindra (ऐन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Iṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aindra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aiṃdra (ಐಂದ್ರ):—[adjective] of or relating to Indra, the chief of gods.

--- OR ---

Aiṃdra (ಐಂದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a kind of dance-drama.

2) [noun] one of the systems of grammar believed to have been propounded by Indra, the lord of gods.

3) [noun] one who recites a poem with studied eloquence and in a dramatic style; a declamator; a declaimer.

4) [noun] one of the twenty seven Yoga systems.

5) [noun] an oblation offered to Indra.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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