Eravana, Erāvaṇa, Erāvana: 4 definitions
Eravana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Eravana - Sakkas elephant. He was once the elephant of the king of Magadha, who gave him to Magha and his companions to help them in their good works on earth. As a result, when Magha and the others were reborn in Tavatimsa, Eravana was born there himself and became their companion. Ordinarily he was a deva like the others, because there are no animals in the deva world, but when they went to the park to play, Eravana assumed the form of an elephant, one hundred and fifty leagues in size. For the thirty three devas Eravana erected thirty three heads (kumbha), each two or three quarters of a league in girth. Each head had seven tusks, each fifty leagues long, each tusk bore seven lotus plants, each plant seven flowers, each flower seven leaves, and on each leaf danced seven nymphs (Padumacehara). For Sakka himself there was a special head, Sudassana, thirty leagues around, above it a canopy of twelve leagues all of precious stones. In the centre was a jewelled couch one league long, on which Sakka reclined in state. DhA.i.273f; also SnA.i.368f. (where there are a few slight variations).
In the Dhammika Sutta (Sn.v.379) Eravana is mentioned among the devas who visited the Buddha to pay him homage. He is also mentioned among the Nagas present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta (D.ii.258; perhaps here a king of snakes is meant, because he is mentioned with others who are avowedly snakes). It is emphasised in several places (E.g., MA.i.472; DA.ii.688; also VvA.15 and Kvu.ii.599) that Eravana is a devaputta and a Naga only by birth (jatiya). The Jatakas (J.v.137) mention Sakka as riding Eravana, particularly when making comparisons between kings parading on the backs of elephants (E.g., V.iii.392). Eravana is one of the chief features of Tavatimsa (V.vi.278).
2. Eravana - The name of the elephant belonging to Candakumara. J.vi.147.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
erāvaṇa : (m.) name of Indra's elephant.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Erāvaṇa, N. of Indra’s elephant Sn.379; Vv 4413; VvA.15. (Page 161)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Eravaṇa (एरवण).—m. (= Pali, Prakrit Erā°, Sanskrit Airā°), name of Indra's elephant: Mahāvastu ii.275.7, 8 (prose). The short a may be only an error, tho it is repeated; it is otherwise unknown; v.l. both times ai°; e for ai, § 3.67.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 8 books and stories containing Eravana, Erāvaṇa, Erāvana, Eravaṇa; (plurals include: Eravanas, Erāvaṇas, Erāvanas, Eravaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - Story of the nāga-king Elapatra < [Chapter XL - The Four Fearlessnesses and the Four Unobstructed Knowledges]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 411: Susīma-jātaka < [Volume 3]
Jataka 522: Sarabhaṅga-jātaka < [Volume 5]
Jataka 545: Vidhurapaṇḍita-jātaka < [Volume 6]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Chapter 4 - Removing His Hair and becoming a Recluse < [Volume 2.1]
The Treatise on the Marks of a Great Man < [Chapter 1 - The Jewel of the Buddha]
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)