Anupradana, Anupradāna: 9 definitions
Anupradana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Anupradāna (अनुप्रदान).—An effort outside the mouth in the production of sound at the different vocal organs such as कण्ठ, तालु (kaṇṭha, tālu) etc. which is looked upon as an external effort or bāhyaprayatna. अनुप्रदान (anupradāna) is one of the three main factors in the production of sound which are (1) स्थान (sthāna), (2) करण (karaṇa) or आभ्यन्तरप्रयत्न (ābhyantaraprayatna) and (3) अनुप्रदान (anupradāna) or बाह्यप्रयत्न (bāhyaprayatna); cf. स्थाकरणप्रयत्नेभ्यो वर्णा जायन्ते (sthākaraṇaprayatnebhyo varṇā jāyante) Cān. The commentator on T. Pr. describes अनुप्रदान (anupradāna) as the मूलकारण (mūlakāraṇa) or उपादानकारण (upādānakāraṇa), the main cause in the production of articulate sound cf. अनुप्रदीयते अनेन वर्णः इति अनुप्रदानम्ः (anupradīyate anena varṇaḥ iti anupradānamḥ) cf also अनुप्रदीयते इत्यनुप्रदानं प्रयत्न इत्यर्थः (anupradīyate ityanupradānaṃ prayatna ityarthaḥ); Uvvaṭa on R. Pr. XIII. I. Generally two main varieties of बाह्यप्रयत्न (bāhyaprayatna) are termed अनुप्रदान (anupradāna) which are mentioned as (i) श्वासानुप्रदान (śvāsānupradāna) (emission of breath) and नादानुप्रदान (nādānupradāna) (resonance), the other varieties of it such as विवार, संवार, घोष, अघोष, अल्पप्राण, मह्मप्राण, उदात्त, अनुदात्त (vivāra, saṃvāra, ghoṣa, aghoṣa, alpaprāṇa, mahmaprāṇa, udātta, anudātta) and स्वरित (svarita) being called merely as बाह्यप्रयत्न (bāhyaprayatna).
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture
Anupradāna (अनुप्रदान) refers to the “giving (of punishment to the enemy)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān said to Brahmā and others]: “[...] These dhāraṇī-mantrapadas are established in Jambudvīpa for the benefit, welfare and comfort of all beings. It is for the subduing and restraining of hostile and harmful Nāgas who do not have compassion and pity. It is for the giving (anupradāna) of punishment to the enemy”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A gift, donation.
2) A sort of external effort of the vocal organs giving rise to particular letters (bāhyaprayatna); एते श्वासानुप्रदाना अघोषाश्च विवृण्वते (ete śvāsānupradānā aghoṣāśca vivṛṇvate) Sk.
Derivable forms: anupradānam (अनुप्रदानम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Anupradāna (अनुप्रदान).—nt. (1) (= Pali anuppa°; to anu- pradadāti), act of giving, presentation: Lalitavistara 429.19, 22; 430.4, etc.; Mahāvastu ii.221.5; iii.322.5; dharmāṇām, of religious instruction (= upasaṃhāra, 1) Bodhisattvabhūmi 82.4; Daśabhūmikasūtra 15.4; (2) encouragement: Daśabhūmikasūtra 24.4 (na saṃhitān bhinatti,) na bhinnānām anupradānaṃ karoti, he does not divide (cause dissension among) those that are united, nor give encourage- ment to those that are divided (i.e. schismatics; compare Critical Pali Dictionary s.v. anuppadātar).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Anupradāna (अनुप्रदान):—[=anu-pradāna] [from anupra-dā] n. a gift, donation, [Buddhist literature]
2) [v.s. ...] addition, increase, [Prātiśākhya]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Anupradāna (अनुप्रदान):—[tatpurusha compound] n.
(-nam) Giving, gift, donation. E. dā with pra and anu, kṛt aff. lyuṭ.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
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