Ashvaghosha, Aśvaghoṣa, Ashva-ghosha: 11 definitions


Ashvaghosha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvaghoṣa can be transliterated into English as Asvaghosa or Ashvaghosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ashvaghosha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष).—A famous Sanskrit poet. He has written many Sanskrit books prominent among which are the two great poems, Buddhacarita and Saundarananda and a drama called Śāriputraprakaraṇa. He lived in the 2nd Century A.D. His history of Buddha (Buddhacarita) was translated into Chinese during the period 414 to 421 A.D. He was known under the following names also: Ācārya, Bhadanta, Mahāvādī and Bhikṣu.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष) is the author of the Rudrakalpamahāśmaśāna commentary on the Mahākālatantra .—Aśvaghoṣa mention the Mkha’ ’gro rgya mtsho , Ḍā ki rgya mtsho’i rgyud, Rdo rje mkha’ ’gro rgya mtsho, and Badzra dā ki rgya mtsho, the Sanskrit of which may be Ḍākārṇava, Ḍākārṇavatantra, and Vajraḍākārṇava (the last two), respectively, and quote passages from them.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ashvaghosha in Buddhism glossary
Source: Buddhism Tourism: Glossary of Buddhist Terms

Buddhist poet known for his epic poem, Buddhacarita, the first complete biography of the Buddha

Source: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Ashvaghosha I (1350-1270 BCE).—There were two Ashvaghoshas in the history of Buddhism. Ashvaghosha I was the junior contemporary of Katyayaniputra and lived 500 years after Buddha nirvana whereas Ashvaghosha II Matricheta lived 800 years after Buddha nirvana. Moreover, Ashvaghosha I was born in Saketa of Kashi Janapada whereas Ashvaghosha II probably belonged to Pataliputra. Ashvaghosha I was the teacher of Mahayana and authored “Mahayana Shraddhotpada”, a philosophical treatise that was also studied in Japanese monasteries. Parshva Katyayaniputra and Ashvaghosha I jointly composed a great treatise “ Abhidharma-Mahavibhasha-Shastra ” in Kashmir. Ashvaghosha I was the disciple of Parshva Katyayaniputra and Punyayashas.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष) or Ashvaghosha (80 – c. 150 CE) was a Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India. He was born in Saketa in northern India in a Brahmin family and later converted to Buddhism. He is believed to have been the first Sanskrit dramatist, and is considered the greatest Indian poet prior to Kālidāsa.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Ashvaghosha in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष) refers to one of the sons of Vidyādhara-king Aśanighoṣa, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Knowing that Śrīvijaya’s soldiers were eager for battle, Aśanighoṣa instructed his sons for hospitality to battle. Aśvaghoṣa, Śataghoṣa, Sahasraghoṣa, Mahāghoṣa, Bhīmaghoṣa, Ghanaghoṣa, and others; and their sons, Meghaghoṣa and the rest—all with a complete army left by the gate of Camaracañcā for battle. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashvaghosha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष).—Name of a Buddhist writer.

Derivable forms: aśvaghoṣaḥ (अश्वघोषः).

Aśvaghoṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aśva and ghoṣa (घोष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष).—name of a teacher (and author): Mahāvyutpatti 3480.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśvaghoṣa (अश्वघोष):—[=aśva-ghoṣa] [from aśva] m. Name of a Buddhist patriarch.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the author of the Buddha-carita (2nd or 3rd cent, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]D.)

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashvaghosha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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