Th, Ṭh: 1 definition


Th means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ṭh (ठ्).—The second consonant of the lingual class possessed of the properties श्वासानुप्रदान, अघोष, विवृतकण्टत्व (śvāsānupradāna, aghoṣa, vivṛtakaṇṭatva) and महाप्राणत्व (mahāprāṇatva). For the syllable ठ (ṭha) at the beginning of taddhita affixes, the syllable इक (ika) is substituted; if however the affix (beginning with ठ) follows upon a word ending in इस्, उस्, उ, ऋ, लृ (is, us, u, , lṛ) and त् (t) then क (ka) is added instead of इक (ika); e. g. धानुष्कः, औदश्वित्कः (dhānuṣkaḥ, audaśvitkaḥ) etc.; cf. टस्येकः, इसुसुक्तान्तात् कः (ṭasyekaḥ, isusuktāntāt kaḥ), P. VII. 3.50, 51. Some scholars say that इक् (ik) and क् (k) are substituted for ठ् (ṭh) by the sutras quoted above; cf. KS. on VII. 3.50.

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Th (थ्).—() second consonant of the dental class of consonants possessed of the properties श्वासानुप्रदान, अघोष, विवृत-कण्ठत्व (śvāsānupradāna, aghoṣa, vivṛta-kaṇṭhatva) and महाप्राणत्व (mahāprāṇatva); (2) augment थ् (th) (थुक् (thuk)) added to the words षष्, कति, कतिपय (ṣaṣ, kati, katipaya) and चतुर् (catur) before the Purana affix डट् (ḍaṭ). e. g. षण्णां पूरणः षष्ठः, कतिथः, चतुर्थः (ṣaṇṇāṃ pūraṇaḥ ṣaṣṭhaḥ, katithaḥ, caturthaḥ); cf. Kas, on P. V. 2.51 ; (3) substitute for the consonant ह् (h) of आह् (āh) before any consonant except a nasal, and a semivowel as also for the consonant स् (s) of स्था (sthā) preceded by the preposition उद्ः (udḥ) cf. P, VIII. 2.35, VIII. 4.61.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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