Abhyantaraprayatna, aka: Ābhyantaraprayatna, Abhyantara-prayatna; 4 Definition(s)
Abhyantaraprayatna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Ābhyantaraprayatna (आभ्यन्तरप्रयत्न).—Internal effort made in producing a sound, as contrasted with the external One called बाह्यप्रयत्न (bāhyaprayatna). There are four kinds of internal efforts described in the Kāsikāvrtti.; cf. चत्वार आभ्य-न्तरप्रयत्नाः सवर्णसंज्ञायामाश्रीयन्ते -स्पृष्टता, ईषत्स्पृष्टता, संवृतता, विवृतता चेति । (catvāra ābhya-ntaraprayatnāḥ savarṇasaṃjñāyāmāśrīyante -spṛṣṭatā, īṣatspṛṣṭatā, saṃvṛtatā, vivṛtatā ceti |) Kās. on P. 1.1.9. See also यत्नो द्विधा । आभ्यन्तरो बाह्यश्च (yatno dvidhā | ābhyantaro bāhyaśca) etc. Si. Kau. on I.1.9.(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)
Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर) refers to the “internal effort” of articulation (uccāraṇa) according to Indian linguistic tradition (viz., śikṣā, ‘phonetics’, vyakaraṇa, ‘grammar’, nirukta, etymology’ and chandas, ‘prosody’.).
Ābhyantaraprayatna is of four types:
- alpaprāṇa (unaspirated, or slight aspiration),
- mahāprāṇa (aspirated),
- śvāsa (unvoiced),
- nāda (voiced).
Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.
Languages of India and abroad
ābhyantaraprayatna (आभ्यंतरप्रयत्न).—m S The first of the two great acts or movements of the air in the lungs towards the formation of speech or vocal expression,--that of filling and expanding the throat and air-passages conducively to bāhyaprayatna the second act,--that of the organs of speech in fashioning and conveying it abroad into articulate utterance. ā0 is subdivided into spṛṣṭa, īṣatspṛṣṭa, vivṛta, saṃvṛta, whilst bā0 has eleven subdivisions, viz. vivāra, saṃvāra, śrvāsa, nāda, ghōṣa, aghōṣa, alpaprāṇa, mahāprāṇa, udātta, anu- dātta, svarita.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ābhyantara-prayatna (आभ्यंतर-प्रयत्न).—m Expanding the throat in order to speak.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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