Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यथापि मूलैर् अनुपद्रुतैः सदा छिन्नोऽपि वृक्षः पुनर् एव जायते ।
एवं हि तृष्णानुशयैर् अनुद्धृतैर् निर्वर्तते दुह्खम् इदं पुनः पुनः ॥ १६ ॥

yathāpi mūlair anupadrutaiḥ sadā chinno'pi vṛkṣaḥ punar eva jāyate |
evaṃ hi tṛṣṇānuśayair anuddhṛtair nirvartate duhkham idaṃ punaḥ punaḥ || 16 ||

The English translation of Verse 3.16 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatha, Api, Mula, Ruta, Sada, Sad, Chinna, Vriksha, Punar, Eva, Jayat, Evam, Trishna, Anushaya, Anuddhrita, Nih, Vartat, Idam, Puna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 3.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yathāpi mūlair anupadrutaiḥ sadā chinno'pi vṛkṣaḥ punar eva jāyate
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • mūlair -
  • mūla (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    mūla (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • anupad -
  • anupad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anupad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • rutaiḥ -
  • ruta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ruta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    ru -> ruta (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √ru class 1 verb], [instrumental plural from √ru class 2 verb]
    ru -> ruta (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √ru class 1 verb], [instrumental plural from √ru class 2 verb]
  • sadā -
  • sadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • chinno' -
  • chinna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • vṛkṣaḥ -
  • vṛkṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāyate -
  • jai -> jāyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai -> jāyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single]
  • Line 2: “evaṃ hi tṛṣṇānuśayair anuddhṛtair nirvartate duhkham idaṃ punaḥ punaḥ
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tṛṣṇā -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • anuśayair -
  • anuśaya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • anuddhṛtair -
  • anuddhṛta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    anuddhṛta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • vartate -
  • vṛt -> vartat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • Cannot analyse duhkham*id
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • punaḥ -
  • pu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    puna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • punaḥ -
  • pu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    puna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: