Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यथापि शल्यो दृढं आत्मना कृतस् तम् एव हन्याद् बलसा त्व् अधिष्ठितः ।
तथा त्व् इहाध्यात्म समुत्थिता लतास् तृष्णा वधायोपनयन्ति प्राणिनाम् ॥ १७ ॥

yathāpi śalyo dṛḍhaṃ ātmanā kṛtas tam eva hanyād balasā tv adhiṣṭhitaḥ |
tathā tv ihādhyātma samutthitā latās tṛṣṇā vadhāyopanayanti prāṇinām || 17 ||

The English translation of Verse 3.17 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatha, Api, Shali, Shalya, Dridha, Atman, Krit, Krita, Eva, Bala, Adhishthita, Tatha, Iha, Adhyatma, Samutthita, Lata, Trishna, Vadha, Upana, Yat, Pranin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 3.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yathāpi śalyo dṛḍhaṃ ātmanā kṛtas tam eva hanyād balasā tv adhiṣṭhitaḥ
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • śalyo* -
  • śalī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śalya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śal -> śalya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śal class 10 verb]
  • dṛḍham -
  • dṛḍha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛḍha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛḍhā (noun, feminine)
  • ātmanā -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • kṛtas -
  • kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    tan (noun, masculine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hanyād -
  • han (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • bala -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Cannot analyse tv*ad
  • adhiṣṭhitaḥ -
  • adhiṣṭhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tathā tv ihādhyātma samutthitā latās tṛṣṇā vadhāyopanayanti prāṇinām
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Cannot analyse tv*ih
  • ihā -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
  • adhyātma -
  • adhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samutthitā* -
  • samutthita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    samutthitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • latās -
  • latā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tṛṣṇā* -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vadhāyo -
  • vadha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • upana -
  • upana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yanti -
  • yanti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √i class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √i class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • prāṇinām -
  • prāṇin (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    prāṇin (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
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