Trishna, aka: Tṛṣṇā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Trishna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tṛṣṇā can be transliterated into English as Trsna or Trishna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “Desire”):—One of the names of Mahākālī (tamas-form of Mahādevī). Mahākālī is one of the three primary forms of Devī. Not to be confused with Kālī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named tamas. For reference, see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “Thirst”):—First of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Vahni, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Tṛṣṇā, symbolize mental dispositions or emotions and are considered as obstructing the attainment of liberating knowledge. They are presided over by the Bhairava Unmatta. Vahni is the fourth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents fire.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Purana

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—Also tṛṣā, implications of, with regard to life and death;1 annihilation of, leads to mokṣa;2 no end of.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 101; IV. 3. 42, 59.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 3. 71.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 10. 24.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Ayurveda (science of life)

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “polydipsia”).—When pitta and vāta aggravated by fear, anxiety, exertion and debility are situated in mouth and palate give rise to tṛṣṇā (thirst). Tṛṣṇā is of seven types according to causes—

  1. vātika,
  2. paittika,
  3. kaphaja,
  4. kṣataja (caused by wounds),
  5. kṣayaja (caused by wasting),
  6. amaja (caused by āmadoṣa),
  7. annaja (caused by food).
(Source): Google Books: Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “thirst”) (pali taṇhā) refers to the eighth of twelve pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination) according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. Within vedanā there arises an adherence of mind (cittābhiniveśa) called craving or thirst, tṛṣṇā. The tendency caused by tṛṣṇā is called upādāna, grasping, attachment.

2) Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा) refers to one of the three daughters of Māra mentioned in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “While the Buddha was under the Bodhi tree, king Māra, out of spite (daurmanasya) sent him the three princesses, Lo kien (Ragā), Yue pei (Arati) and K’o ngai (Tṛṣṇā). They came showing off their bodies and using all sorts of charms to try to corrupt the Bodhisattva, but the latter did not let himself become disturbed and did not look at them”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “craving”) refers to the eighth of the “twelve factors of conditional origination” (pratītyasamutpāda) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 42). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tṛṣṇā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—f Thirst. Fig. Ambition. Cupidity.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—[tṛṣ na kicca]

1) Thirst (lit. and fig.); तृष्णां चेह परित्यज्य को दरिद्रः क ईश्वरः (tṛṣṇāṃ ceha parityajya ko daridraḥ ka īśvaraḥ) H.1.164; Ṛs.1.15.

2) Desire, strong desire, greedy, avidity, desire of gain; तृष्णां छिन्द्धि (tṛṣṇāṃ chinddhi) Bh.2.77;3.5; R.8.2.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Trinashunya
Tṛṇaśūnya (तृणशून्य).—Name of two plants केतकी (ketakī) and मल्लिका (mallikā); तृणशून्यं तु मल्...
Trishnakshaya
Tṛṣṇākṣaya (तृष्णाक्षय).—cessation of desire, tranquility of mind, contentment.Derivable forms:...
Mrigatrishna
Mṛgatṛṣṇā (मृगतृष्णा).—f. mirage; मृगतृष्णाम्भसि स्नातः (mṛgatṛṣṇāmbhasi snātaḥ); see खपुष्प (k...
Bhogatrishna
Bhogatṛṣṇā (भोगतृष्णा).—1) desire of worldly enjoyments; तदुपस्थितमग्रहीदजः पितुराज्ञेति न भोगत...
Trishnanigrahana
Tṛṣṇānigrahaṇa (तृष्णानिग्रहण) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classif...
Trshnapatita
Tṛṣṇāpatita (तृष्णापतित) refers to “those that depend on craving” and represents a type of bond...
Tanha
tānha (तान्ह).—f Thirst.--- OR --- tānhā (तान्हा).—a Sucking-a babe. Suckling-a woman, &c.
Arati
Arati (अरति, “dissatisfaction”) refers to “dislike for certain objects” and represents one of t...
Raga
Rāgā (रागा).—One of the seven daughters of Bṛhaspati—Aṅgiras. As she was loved by all beings sh...
Upadana
Upadāna (उपदान).—1) An oblation, a present (in general).2) A gift made for procuring favour or ...
Buddha
Buddha (बुद्ध) is the name of a deity that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) acc...
Nandi
Nandī (नन्दी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.32). Note: T...
Bhaya
Bhaya (भय, “fear”) refers to one of the nine types of the Akaṣāya (“quasi passions”) class...
Avidya
Avidya (अविद्य).—a.1) Not educated, unlearned, foolish, unwise, अविद्यानां तु सर्वेषामीहात श्चे...
Samsara
Saṃsāra (संसार).—One in the line of Gurus. (See under Guruparaṃpara).

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