Trishna, Tṛṣṇā: 15 definitions

Introduction

Trishna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tṛṣṇā can be transliterated into English as Trsna or Trishna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “Desire”):—One of the names of Mahākālī (tamas-form of Mahādevī). Mahākālī is one of the three primary forms of Devī. Not to be confused with Kālī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named tamas. For reference, see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “Thirst”):—First of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Vahni, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Tṛṣṇā, symbolize mental dispositions or emotions and are considered as obstructing the attainment of liberating knowledge. They are presided over by the Bhairava Unmatta. Vahni is the fourth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents fire.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—Also tṛṣā, implications of, with regard to life and death;1 annihilation of, leads to mokṣa;2 no end of.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 101; IV. 3. 42, 59.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 3. 71.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 10. 24.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam: Essentials of Ayurveda

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “polydipsia”).—When pitta and vāta aggravated by fear, anxiety, exertion and debility are situated in mouth and palate give rise to tṛṣṇā (thirst). Tṛṣṇā is of seven types according to causes—

  1. vātika,
  2. paittika,
  3. kaphaja,
  4. kṣataja (caused by wounds),
  5. kṣayaja (caused by wasting),
  6. amaja (caused by āmadoṣa),
  7. annaja (caused by food).
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा) refers to “excessive thirst” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning tṛṣṇā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “thirst”) (pali taṇhā) refers to the eighth of twelve pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. Within vedanā there arises an adherence of mind (cittābhiniveśa) called craving or thirst, tṛṣṇā. The tendency caused by tṛṣṇā is called upādāna, grasping, attachment.

2) Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा) refers to one of the three daughters of Māra mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “While the Buddha was under the Bodhi tree, king Māra, out of spite (daurmanasya) sent him the three princesses, Lo kien (Ragā), Yue pei (Arati) and K’o ngai (Tṛṣṇā). They came showing off their bodies and using all sorts of charms to try to corrupt the Bodhisattva, but the latter did not let himself become disturbed and did not look at them”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘gandhavāhinī’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., tṛṣṇā) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा, “craving”) refers to the eighth of the “twelve factors of conditional origination” (pratītyasamutpāda) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 42). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tṛṣṇā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—f Thirst. Fig. Ambition. Cupidity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—[tṛṣ na kicca]

1) Thirst (lit. and fig.); तृष्णां चेह परित्यज्य को दरिद्रः क ईश्वरः (tṛṣṇāṃ ceha parityajya ko daridraḥ ka īśvaraḥ) H.1.164; Ṛs.1.15.

2) Desire, strong desire, greedy, avidity, desire of gain; तृष्णां छिन्द्धि (tṛṣṇāṃ chinddhi) Bh.2.77;3.5; R.8.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—(= Pali Taṇhā), (1) name of a daughter of Māra: Lalitavistara 378.4; compare Tantrī; (2) = Sanskrit, craving; as with Pali taṇhā, three in Buddhism, kāma-, bhava-, vibhava- (2): Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. v. 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—f.

(-ṣṇā) 1. Thirst. 2. Desire, wish. E. tṛṣ to thirst, na Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—i. e. tṛṣ + na, f. 1. Thirst, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 67. 2. Desire, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 70.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा).—[feminine] thirst; greediness, strong desire for (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛṣṇā (तृष्णा):—[from tṛṣ] f. thirst, [i, vii, ix; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] desire, avidity (chiefly ifc.), [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Avidity as mother of Dambha ([Prabodha-candrodaya; ii, 11/12]), daughter of Death (Mṛtyu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa i, 7, 31]; or Māra, [Lalita-vistara xxiv, 20]), generated by Vedanā and generating Upādāna ([Buddhist literature])

4) [v.s. ...] cf. ati-.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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