Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

तृष्णा हि हेतुः सरिता विषक्तिका गण्डस्य नित्यं विसृतेह जालिनी ।
लतां पिपासाम् अपनीय सर्वशो निवर्तते दुह्खम् इदं पुनः पुनः ॥ १५ ॥

tṛṣṇā hi hetuḥ saritā viṣaktikā gaṇḍasya nityaṃ visṛteha jālinī |
latāṃ pipāsām apanīya sarvaśo nivartate duhkham idaṃ punaḥ punaḥ || 15 ||

The English translation of Verse 3.15 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Trishna, Hetri, Hetu, Ganda, Nityam, Nitya, Visrit, Visrita, Iha, Jalin, Jalini, Jali, Lata, Pipasa, Apani, Sarvashah, Nivarta, Tad, Yushmad, Idam, Puna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 3.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tṛṣṇā hi hetuḥ saritā viṣaktikā gaṇḍasya nityaṃ visṛteha jālinī
  • tṛṣṇā* -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • hetuḥ -
  • hetṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    hetu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • saritā* -
  • Cannot analyse viṣaktikā*ga
  • gaṇḍasya -
  • gaṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    gaṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • visṛte -
  • visṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    visṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    visṛt (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single], [dative single]
    visṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iha -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • jālinī -
  • jālinī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    jālin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    jāli (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “latāṃ pipāsām apanīya sarvaśo nivartate duhkham idaṃ punaḥ punaḥ
  • latām -
  • latā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • pipāsām -
  • pipāsā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • apanī -
  • apanī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    apanī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    apanī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    apani (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • iya -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • sarvaśo* -
  • sarvaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • nivarta -
  • nivarta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nivarta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • Cannot analyse duhkham*id
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • punaḥ -
  • pu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    puna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • punaḥ -
  • pu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    puna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
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