Chinna, Chinnā: 12 definitions


Chinna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhinna.

Ambiguity: Although Chinna has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the Sanskrit word Ciṇṇa.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Chinna (छिन्न).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this chinna-karaṇa is as follows, “the Alapadma hand to be held on the hip which in Chinna pose, the body in the Vaiśākha Sthāna (posture).”. A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Chinna (छिन्न, “interrupted”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the chin (cibuka), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Instructions of Chinna): when (the two lips) very closely meet each other. Uses: in sickness, fear, cold, (taking) exercise, and angry look.

3) Chinnā (छिन्ना, “turned aside”) refers to a specific ‘movement of the waist’ (kaṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. The waist is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Instructions of Chinnā): In turning the middle of the waist. Uses: in exercising [the limbs], hurry and looking round.

4) Chinna (छिन्न) refers to one of the twenty prakāras: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the playing of drums in a quick tempo suddenly stopping when all other instruments are separately played, is called Chinna”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Chinnā (छिन्ना) is another name for Guḍūcī, a medicinal plant identified with Tinospora cordifolia (heart-leaved moonseed) from the Menispermaceae or “moonseed family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.13-16 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Chinnā and Guḍūcī, there are a total of thirty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Chinna (“gold”) or Sinnata is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kurubas (a tribe of South India). The Kurubas are sub-divided into clans or gumpus, each having a headman or guru called a gaudu, who gives his name to the clan. And the clans are again sub-divided into gotras or septs (viz., Chinna).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

chinna : (pp. of chindati) cut; destroyed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Chinna, (pp. of chindati) cut off, destroyed Vin.I, 71 (acchinna-kesa with unshaven hair); M.I, 430; D.II, 8 (°papañca); J.I, 255; II, 155; IV, 138; Dh.338; Pv.I, 112 (v. l. for bhinna), 116; DhA.IV, 48. Very often in punishments of decapitation (sīsa°) or mutilation (hatthapāda°, etc.) e.g. Vin.I, 91; III, 28; Pv.II, 24 (ghāna-sīsa°); Miln.5. Cp. sañ°. As first part of cpd., chinna° very frequently is to be rendered by “without, ” e. g.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

chinna (छिन्न).—n S In modern compositions. A squared surface, or a cut and made plane. 2 unc A rude or irregular chip or fragment.

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chinna (छिन्न).—p S Cut, split, severed, divided. chinnapuccha Having the tail cut; chinnahasta Having the hand cut off; chinnakarṇa Earcropt; chinnanāsika, chinnāvayava &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

chinna (छिन्न).—p Cut, split, divided.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Chinna (छिन्न).—p. p. [chid-kta]

1) Cut, divided, rent, chopped, riven, torn, broken.

2) Destroyed, removed; see छिद् (chid)

3) Decaying, declining.

4) Exhausted, tired, fatigued.

-nnā A whore, harlot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Chinna (छिन्न).—adj. (ppp.; not recorded in this sense), wearied; in strī-, bhāra-, mārga-chinna, Mahāvyutpatti 8793—5; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.68.13—14; Tibetan dub pa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chinna (छिन्न).—mfn.

(-nnaḥ-nnā-nnaṃ) Cut, divided. f.

(-nnā) 1. A whore, a harlot. 2. A tree: see guḍūcī. E. chid to cut, affix kta, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chinna (छिन्न).—[adjective] cut off or in, carved, incoherent; included by (—°), broken, destroyed, vanished.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Chinna (छिन्न):—[from chid] mfn. cut off, cut, divided, torn, cut through, perforated, [Atharva-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] opened (a wound), [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] interrupted, not contiguous, [Bhagavad-gītā vi, 36; Rāmāyaṇa iii, 50, 12; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] disturbed (kiṃ naś chinnam, ‘what is there in this to disturb us?’ there is nothing to care about, [Amaru-śataka]), [Harivaṃśa 16258; Mṛcchakaṭikā]

5) [v.s. ...] ? (said of the belly of a leach), [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] limited by (in [compound]), [Bhartṛhari iii, 20]

7) [v.s. ...] taken away or out of [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 56, 23; Raghuvaṃśa xii, 80]

8) [v.s. ...] disappeared, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxi, 47]

9) [v.s. ...] ifc. decaying or exhausted by, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Chinnā (छिन्ना):—[from chinna > chid] f. a harlot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] = nnodbhavā, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 3, 6] (cf. a-, reṣma-).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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