Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 8.2

यमेकरात्रेण तु भर्तुराज्ञया जगाम मार्गं सह तेन वाजिना ।
इयाय भर्तुर्विरहं विचिन्तयंस्तमेव पन्थानमहोभिरष्टभिः ॥ २ ॥

yamekarātreṇa tu bharturājñayā jagāma mārgaṃ saha tena vājinā |
iyāya bharturvirahaṃ vicintayaṃstameva panthānamahobhiraṣṭabhiḥ || 2 ||

But the road which by his lord's command he had traversed in one night with that horse,—that same road he now travelled in eight days, pondering his lord's absence.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yama, Kara, Bhartri, Ajna, Marga, Saha, Tad, Tena, Vaji, Vajin, Vajina, Viraha, Cinta, Yat, Tama, Tami, Iva, Pathin, Panthana, Ahan, Ashtan,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 8.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yamekarātreṇa tu bharturājñayā jagāma mārgaṃ saha tena vājinā
  • yame -
  • yamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yama (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • karāt -
  • kara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    kara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • reṇa -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    raṇ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
    raṇ (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhartur -
  • bhartṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • ājñayā -
  • ājñā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • jagāma -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active first plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • mārgam -
  • mārga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mārga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mārgā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • vājinā -
  • vāji (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vājin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vājin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vājinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vājī (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “iyāya bharturvirahaṃ vicintayaṃstameva panthānamahobhiraṣṭabhiḥ
  • iyāya -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • bhartur -
  • bhartṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • viraham -
  • viraha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • cinta -
  • cinta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cinta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cint (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yaṃs -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • tame -
  • tama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    tama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    tamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tami (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • panthānam -
  • panthāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pathin (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ahobhir -
  • ahan (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • aṣṭabhiḥ -
  • aṣṭan (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    aṣṭan (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 8.2

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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