Viraha: 20 definitions
Viraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition
Viraha (विरह) refers to:—Separation (same as vipralambha). (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Viraha (विरह) refers to “separation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as Umā (Durgā/Satī) spoke to the Gods:—“[...] Ever since I cast off my body born of Dakṣa on seeing my lord’s disrespect at the hands of my father at the altar of sacrifice, my lord Rudra is tormented by thoughts about me. He saw my anger at the altar of my father’s sacrifice. Thinking that the virtuous lady had cast-off her body out of love for him he became a Yogin and abandoned home-life. He assumed an unearthly form and features. But he could not bear my separation [i.e., viraha]. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)
Viraha (विरह) refers to “separation (from the external objects of the senses)”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 8.88-90.—Accordingly: “The wise say that death is the natural state of embodied creatures and life is a change in that state. If a being remains breathing even for a moment it is surely fortunate. The foolish man regards the loss of his dear one as a dart shot into his heart. Another man looks on the same as a dart that has been pulled out, for it is a door to beatitude. When we are taught that our own body and soul unite and then separate, tell me which wise person should be tormented by separation (viraha) from the external objects of the senses?”.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra
Viraha (विरह, “duration”).—What is the meaning of duration (viraha-kāla)? The duration (viraha) between cessation of right faith and its reoccurrence is called interval of time. Viraha and antara can be said to synonymous.Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Viraha (विरह) refers to a “lack (of restraint)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “These, that is, the passions beginning with anger, the five objects of the senses which are the companions of lust, carelessness, wrong faith, speech and mind, and the body, the two [kinds of] bad meditation having a bad end and lack of restraint (viraha—virativirahaś ceti) thus decidedly issue from the mass of evil of men inspiring fear of life. [Thus ends the reflection on] the influx of karma”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
viraha : (m.) separation; emptiness.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Viraha, (adj.) (vi+raho) empty, rid of, bar, without PvA. 137, 139 (sīla°). (Page 634)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
viraha (विरह).—m (S) Separation or parting; also separated state (esp. of lovers or friends). 2 The anguish of separation or of absence. 3 S Privation or want of; absence or nonbeing of unto generally.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
viraha (विरह).—m Separation; the anguish of separation.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Parting with, separation.
2) Especially, the separation of lovers; सा विरहे तव दीना (sā virahe tava dīnā) Gītagovinda 4; क्षणमपि विरहः पुरा न सेहे (kṣaṇamapi virahaḥ purā na sehe) ibid; कः संनद्धे विरहविधुरां त्वष्युपेक्षेत जायाम् (kaḥ saṃnaddhe virahavidhurāṃ tvaṣyupekṣeta jāyām) Meghadūta 8,12,29,87,89.
5) Desertion, abandonment, relinquishment.
6) The feeling of love in separation; see विप्रलम्भ (vipralambha) (6).
Derivable forms: virahaḥ (विरहः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-haḥ) 1. Separation, parting, absence, especially the separation of lovers. 2. Forbearance, cessation, relinquishment. E. vi before rah to abandon, aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Viraha (विरह).—[vi-rah + a], m. 1. Separation, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 12; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 373; separation from (with instr.), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 149. 2. Absence, Bhāṣāp. 68; want, [Hitopadeśa] 127, 5. 3. Cessation, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 130. 4. Relinquishment.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Viraha (विरह).—[masculine] abandonment, separation from ([instrumental] or —°); absence, want.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Viraha (विरह):—[=vi-raha] [from vi-rah] m. abandonment, desertion, parting, separation ([especially] of lovers), absence from ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] lack, want (ifc. = lacking, with the exception of), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Viraha (विरह):—[vi-raha] (haḥ) 1. m. Separation, especially of lovers; absence; forbearance; relinquishment.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Viraha (विरह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viraha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Viraha (विरह) [Also spelled virah]:—(nm) separation (from loved one); ~[janita/janya] caused by separation; —[jvara] the anguish of separation; —[vedanā/vyathā] pangs of separation, agony of separation; —[kī āṃca] agony of separation; —[meṃ jalanā] to suffer the agony of separation (from the loved one).
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Viraha (विरह) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Virah.
2) Viraha (विरह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viraha.
3) Viraha (विरह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viratha.
4) Virāha (विराह) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Virādha.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the fact of being separated.
2) [noun] separation of lovers from each other.
3) [noun] a giving up (of something) completely or foreever; abandonment; relinquishment.
4) [noun] the fact of dissaociating from others and being alone.
5) [noun] the pining for one’s sweetheart.
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Vīraha (ವೀರಹ):—[noun] a householder who has lost the perpetual sacriicial fire, used in his daily sacrifice.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+19): Virahaa, Virahadhigama, Virahaga, Virahagni, Virahagunita, Virahaja, Virahajanita, Virahajvara, Virahakatara, Virahamukta, Virahan, Virahana, Virahanala, Virahanta, Virahantra, Viraharipralapa, Viraharta, Virahartta, Virahashayana, Virahatapa.
Full-text (+30): Lobhaviraha, Virahin, Prathamaviraha, Virahaja, Virahajvara, Virahavyapad, Virahavastha, Virahanala, Viraharta, Virahotsuka, Aharaviraha, Vivekaviraha, Virahagunita, Virahajanita, Virahotkanthita, Virahashayana, Virahavirasa, Virah, Virahadhigama, Virahikri.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Viraha, Vi-raha, Virāha, Vīraha; (plurals include: Virahas, rahas, Virāhas, Vīrahas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.26.79 < [Chapter 26 - Descriptions of the Mercy Bestowed on Śuklāmbara and Vijay and the Lord’s Desire to Accept Sannyāsa]
Verse 1.17.121 < [Chapter 17 - The Lord’s Travel to Gayā]
Verse 2.18.208 < [Chapter 18 - Mahāprabhu’s Dancing as a Gopī]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 5.17.6 < [Chapter 17 - The Gopis Describe Their Remembrance of Sri Krsna]
Verse 5.3.26 < [Chapter 3 - Akrūra’s Arrival]
Verse 2.21.37 < [Chapter 21 - The Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 11 < [Chapter 7 - Saptama-yāma-sādhana (Pradoṣa-kālīya-bhajana–vipralambha-prema)]
Text 7 < [Chapter 7 - Saptama-yāma-sādhana (Pradoṣa-kālīya-bhajana–vipralambha-prema)]
Text 17 < [Chapter 3 - Tṛtīya-yāma-sādhana (Pūrvāhna-kālīya-bhajana–niṣṭhā-bhajana)]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.118 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 3.3.124 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 3.2.115 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.7.126 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]
Verse 2.1.26 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 1.7.128 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]