Viraha: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Viraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Viraha (विरह) refers to:—Separation (same as vipralambha). (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Viraha (विरह, “duration”).—What is the meaning of duration (viraha-kāla)? The duration (viraha) between cessation of right faith and its reoccurrence is called interval of time. Viraha and antara can be said to synonymous.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viraha : (m.) separation; emptiness.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viraha, (adj.) (vi+raho) empty, rid of, bar, without PvA. 137, 139 (sīla°). (Page 634)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viraha (विरह).—m (S) Separation or parting; also separated state (esp. of lovers or friends). 2 The anguish of separation or of absence. 3 S Privation or want of; absence or nonbeing of unto generally.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viraha (विरह).—m Separation; the anguish of separation.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viraha (विरह).—

1) Parting with, separation.

2) Especially, the separation of lovers; सा विरहे तव दीना (sā virahe tava dīnā) Gīt.4; क्षणमपि विरहः पुरा न सेहे (kṣaṇamapi virahaḥ purā na sehe) ibid; कः संनद्धे विरहविधुरां त्वष्युपेक्षेत जायाम् (kaḥ saṃnaddhe virahavidhurāṃ tvaṣyupekṣeta jāyām) Me.8,12,29,87,89.

3) Absence.

4) Want.

5) Desertion, abandonment, relinquishment.

6) The feeling of love in separation; see विप्रलम्भ (vipralambha) (6).

7) Loneliness.

Derivable forms: virahaḥ (विरहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viraha (विरह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Separation, parting, absence, especially the separation of lovers. 2. Forbearance, cessation, relinquishment. E. vi before rah to abandon, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viraha (विरह).—[vi-rah + a], m. 1. Separation, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 12; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 373; separation from (with instr.), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 149. 2. Absence, Bhāṣāp. 68; want, [Hitopadeśa] 127, 5. 3. Cessation, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 130. 4. Relinquishment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viraha (विरह).—[masculine] abandonment, separation from ([instrumental] or —°); absence, want.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viraha (विरह):—[=vi-raha] [from vi-rah] m. abandonment, desertion, parting, separation ([especially] of lovers), absence from ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] lack, want (ifc. = lacking, with the exception of), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viraha (विरह):—[vi-raha] (haḥ) 1. m. Separation, especially of lovers; absence; forbearance; relinquishment.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Viraha (विरह):—(von rah mit vi) m. = viyoga [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1511.] [Halāyudha 4, 57.]

1) das Getrenntsein, Trennung (vom geliebten Gegenstande): na me dya virahaḥ kṣamaḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 16737.] [Meghadūta 8. 12. 30. 83. 87. 89. 92. 109. 111.] [Spr. (II) 788.] virasaḥ saṃgamarasaḥ [2065. (I) 2834. 3101.] viraho pi saṃgamaḥ khalu parasparaṃ saṃgataṃ mano yeṣām . yadi hṛdayaṃ tu ghaṭitaṃ samāgamo pi virahaṃ viśeṣayati .. [?5019. Kathāsaritsāgara 39, 80. Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 56. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 2, 2. Vetālapañcaviṃśati in Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 6, 1. 16, 6. 21, 3. SARVADARŚANAS. 96, 16.] patyā vom Gatten [Spr. 1765.] pitrā bhartrā sutairvāpi [4538.] rājño vāsavadattayā [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 55. 67, 21.] sītā (könnte auch zu

2) gezogen werden) [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 59, 29.] iṣṭajana [Śākuntala 60, 4.] [Vikramorvaśī 110.] [Meghadūta 85.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 10, 30.] —

2) Abwesenheit, das Nichtdasein, Fehlen, Mangeln: eṣām (d. i. des Vaters, der Gattin oder der Söhne) [Spr. 4538.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 53, 13.] mama virahajaṃ duḥkham aus meiner Abwesenheit entstanden [Śākuntala 94. 180.] kiṃ yauvanena viraho yadi vallabhāyāḥ wenn keine Geliebte da ist [Spr. 2791. 4113.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 373.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 10, 10.] sapatnī [Kathāsaritsāgara 32, 178.] vāgvirahāt [43, 11.] viveka [Spr. 2641.] svakāla [Vikramorvaśī 130.] lobha [Hitopadeśa 11, 5.] āhāra [127, 5.] pradopa Inschr. in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 502,] [Śloka 1.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 17, 15.] [Sāhityadarpana 8, 20. 218, 21.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 16, 7. 96, 22.] vṛṣṭi [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 22.] śaṅkā [KUSUM. 28, 15. 37, 18.] [Bhāṣāpariccheda 68.] am Ende eines adj. comp.: anucitanūpura (caraṇa) [Mālavikāgnimitra 61.] an dem fehlt so v. a. mit Ausnahme von [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 100, 2.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viraha (विरह) [Also spelled virah]:—(nm) separation (from loved one); ~[janita/janya] caused by separation; —[jvara] the anguish of separation; —[vedanā/vyathā] pangs of separation, agony of separation; —[kī āṃca] agony of separation; —[meṃ jalanā] to suffer the agony of separation (from the loved one).

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