Cinta, Cintā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Cinta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chinta.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Cintā (चिन्ता, “anxienty”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Cintā (चिन्ता, “anxienty”) refers to the second of the ten stages of love (kāma) arising in a woman (strī) and men (puṃs) alike, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

1) Cinta (चिन्त, “anxiety”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as loss of wealth, theft of a favourite object, poverty and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by [deep] breathing, sighing, agony, meditation, thinking with a downcast face, thinness of the body and the like.

2) Cinta (चिन्त).—One of the ten stages of love (kāma);—Anxiety (cintā) should be indicated by speaking to the female Messenger (dūtī) words such as ‘By what means and in what manner will there be an Union with (lit. obtaining of) the beloved?’ In the second stage of love one should look with half-closed eyes and handle the Valaya (bangles), the Raśanā, and touch the Nīvi, the navel and the thighs.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cintā (चिन्ता).—Came out when Brahmā was in contemplation.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 54.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Cintā (चिन्ता).—View; theory. e.g. बाध्यसामान्य-चिन्ता, बाध्यविशेषचिन्ता (bādhyasāmānya-cintā, bādhyaviśeṣacintā) cf. इयमेव बाध्य-सामान्यचिन्तेति व्यवह्रियते (iyameva bādhya-sāmānyacinteti vyavahriyate) Par. Sek. Pari. 58;

2) Cintā.—A matter of scrutiny on a suspicion; cf. चिन्ता च-मयतेरिदन्य-तरस्याम् इत्यतोन्यतरस्यांग्रहणस्य सिंहावलोकन-न्यायादनुव्रुत्तेः (cintā ca-mayateridanya-tarasyām ityatonyatarasyāṃgrahaṇasya siṃhāvalokana-nyāyādanuvrutteḥ); Durghata Vr. on VI.4.69.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Cintā (चिन्ता) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita Mahākāvya (‘epic poem’).— The example of cintā-bhāva is XIII.12.—Here we can see that Satyavatī has become so tensed on passing away of his second son also. She feels very sad on the death of his both the sons because then how will she continue the lineage of her husband King Śāntanu and she feels herself as the cause of this situation. Here the deep sense of cintā can be seen in Satyavatī.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

F (Reflection, analysis).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Cintā (चिन्ता, “reasoning”).—What is the meaning of reasoning or induction/ discursive thought (cintā)? Cintā is inductive reasoning. It is also known as the cognition /knowledge of the universal relationship (vyāpti) between the object of knowledge (sādhya) and the directly cognized object (sādhana). It is also refered as logic /tarka. What is the function of induction / discursive thought? To enable cognition like, ‘wherever there is smoke, there is fire’.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cintā : (f.) thinking; thought; consideration.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cintā, (to cit, cinteti) “the act of thinking” (cp. citti), thought S.I, 57; Pug.25; Dhs.16, 20, 292; Sdhp.165, 216.—loka° thinking over the world, philosophy S.V, 447; A.II, 80.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cintā (चिंता).—f (S) Care, concern, anxiety, solicitude. 2 S Thinking, considering, pondering &c. See cintana. cintā vāhaṇēṃ g. of o. To take thought of or about; to care for. cintā nāhīṃ It is of no importance; it does not matter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cintā (चिंता).—f Care, anxiety; thinking. cintā nāhīṃ It does not matter. cintā vāhaṇēṃ To care for.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cintā (चिन्ता).—[cint-bhāve a]

1) Thinking, thought.

2) Sad or sorrowful thought, care, anxiety; चिन्ताजडं दर्शनम् (cintājaḍaṃ darśanam) Ś.4.5; so वीतचिन्तः (vītacintaḥ) 12.

3) Reflection, consideration; किं पुनश्चिन्तायाः प्रयोजनम् (kiṃ punaścintāyāḥ prayojanam) ŚB. on MS.4.1.25.

4) (In Rhet.) Anxiety, considered as one of the 33 subordinate feelings; ध्यानं चिन्ता हितानाप्तेः शून्यताश्वासतापकृत् (dhyānaṃ cintā hitānāpteḥ śūnyatāśvāsatāpakṛt) S. D.21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cintā (चिन्ता).—f.

(-ntā) Reflexion, consideration, recollection. E. citi to reflect, affixes aṅ and ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cintā (चिन्ता).—[cint + ā], f. 1. Thinking, Bhāṣāp. 65. 2. Thought, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 11. 3. Care, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 226.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cintā (चिन्ता).—[feminine] thought, consideration, reflection, care or sorrow about ([genetive], [locative], or upari).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cintā (चिन्ता):—[from cint] f. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 105]), thought, care, anxiety, anxious thought about ([genitive case] [locative case], upari, or in [compound]), [Manu-smṛti xii, 31; Yājñavalkya i, 98; Mahābhārata] etc. (tayā [instrumental case] ‘by mere thinking of’ [Viṣṇu-purāṇa i, 13, 50])

2) [v.s. ...] consideration, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha xii f.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī viii, 3453.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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