Bhartri, Bhartṛ, Bharttri, Bhartrī, Bharttṛ: 14 definitions


Bhartri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Bhartṛ and Bharttṛ can be transliterated into English as Bhartr or Bhartri or Bharttr or Bharttri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ, “husband”).—One of the Eleven Hands denoting Relationships.—(Instructions:) Haṃsāsya and Śikhara hands are held at the throat.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Bhartṛ (भर्तृ) refers to the “sustainer”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] Śiva is the creator (kartṛ) of everything, the sustainer (bhartṛ) and destroyer (hartṛ). He is greater than the great. He is the supreme Brahman, the greatest lord, the attributeless, the eternal”.

2) Bhartṛ (भर्तृ) refers to “one’s husband”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Naradā: “[...] With pallid face and limbs, the extremely agitated daughter of the king of mountains returned to her palace taking the maids along with her. Due to the misery on account of the death of her husband [i.e., bhartṛ-mṛtyu-ja-duḥkha], Rati fell down unconscious, as if dead. When she regained consciousness after a while, Rati in her great agitation lamented loudly and said:—[...]”.

Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ) refers to the “husband”, according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.29. Accordingly:—“[...] Sītā was distressed to hear these words of Rāma and spoke these words slowly, with her face with tears: ‘[...] Oh, the pure-minded! Following my husband (bhartṛ) with loving devotion, I shall become sin-less; for husband is the supreme deity to me’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ) refers to the “chief” (of a tribe of people), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The three constellations from Svāti form the fourth maṇḍala; if Venus should reappear in it, mankind will be free from fear; the Brāhmins and Kṣatriyas will prosper and friends will turn into enemies. If Venus, who so reappears in the said maṇḍala, should be crossed by a planet, the chiefs of the hunters will perish [i.e., kirāta-bhartṛ-pinaṣṭi]; the Ikṣvākus, the border Mlecchas, the people of Avantī and of Pulinda and the Śūrasenas will also perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ) and Bhartrī refers to “partners” [i.e., dhyeyasya bhartṛ-bhartrī putra-putrī], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ) refers to the “master” (of the three worlds), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This [self], which is master of the three worlds (trijagatī-bhartṛ), omniscient [and] possessed of infinite power, does not recognise itself and has deviated from its own true nature. Tarnished by awful stains arising from eternity, it grasps objects according to its own desire which are very different from itself”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ).—m. [bhṛ-tṛc]

1) A husband; यद्भर्तुरेव हितमिच्छति तत् कलत्रम् (yadbhartureva hitamicchati tat kalatram) Bhartṛhari 2.8; स्त्रीणां भर्ता धर्मदाराश्च पुंसाम् (strīṇāṃ bhartā dharmadārāśca puṃsām) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.18.

2) A lord, master, superior; भर्तुः शापेन (bhartuḥ śāpena) Meghadūta 1; गण°, भूत° (gaṇa°, bhūta°) &c.

3) A leader, commander, chief; स्वभर्तृनामग्रहणाद्बभूव सान्द्रे रजस्यात्मपरावबोधः (svabhartṛnāmagrahaṇādbabhūva sāndre rajasyātmaparāvabodhaḥ) R.7.41.

4) A supporter, bearer, protector; भर्ता स्वानां श्रेष्ठः पुर एता भवति (bhartā svānāṃ śreṣṭhaḥ pura etā bhavati) Bri. Up.1.3.18.

5) The creator.

6) Name of Viṣṇu; सवनो भावनो भर्ता (savano bhāvano bhartā) V. Sah.

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Bhartrī (भर्त्री).—

1) A mother.

2) A female supporter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharttṛ (भर्त्तृ).—mfn. (-rttā-ttrī-rttṛ) 1. A cherisher, a nourisher, a protector. 2. A holder, a supporter. m.

(-rttā) 1. A husband. 2. A lord, a master. E. bhṛ to nourish, &c. aff. tṛc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ).—i. e. bhṛ + tṛ, I. m., f. trī, and n. 1. One who contains, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 17. 2. A cherisher, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 9, 18. 3. A protector. Ii. m. 1. A lord, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 36; master, [distich] 155. 2. A commander, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 94. 3. A husband, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 196, M. M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhartṛ (भर्तृ).—1. (bhartṛ) [masculine] bearer, supporter, maintainer, lord, chief; [feminine] bhartrī female supporter mother.

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Bhartṛ (भर्तृ).—2. [masculine] husband; [abstract] tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhartṛ (भर्तृ):—[from bhara] m. (once in [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] bhartṛ) a bearer (cf. [Latin] fertor), one who bears or carries or maintains (with [genitive case] or ifc.), [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] a preserver, protector, maintainer, chief, lord, master, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (f(trī). a female supporter or nourisher, a mother, [Atharva-veda; Kauśika-sūtra; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa])

3) [v.s. ...] m. a husband, [Ṛg-veda v, 58, 7; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharttṛ (भर्त्तृ):—(rttā) 4. m. A husband, a lord. a. Nourishing; holding.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhartrī (भर्त्री) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhaṭṭiṇī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhartṛ (ಭರ್ತೃ):—[noun] = ಭರತಿ [bharati]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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