Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 3.65

वराङ्गनागणकलिलं नृपात्मजस्ततो बलाद्वनमभिनीयते स्म तत् ।
वराप्सरोवृतमलकाधिपालयं नवव्रतो मुनिरिव विघ्नकातरः ॥ ६५ ॥

varāṅganāgaṇakalilaṃ nṛpātmajastato balādvanamabhinīyate sma tat |
varāpsarovṛtamalakādhipālayaṃ navavrato muniriva vighnakātaraḥ || 65 ||

The king's son was perforce carried away to that wood filled with troops of beautiful women, just as if some devotee who had newly taken his vow were carried off, feeling weak to withstand temptation, to the palace of the monarch of Alaka, gay with the dancing of the loveliest heavenly nymphs.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.65). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Varangana, Gana, Kalila, Nripatmaja, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Balat, Bala, Vana, Abhi, Iyat, Iyata, Sma, Tat, Vara, Apsaras, Apsara, Vrit, Vrita, Alakadhipa, Alaya, Navavrata, Muni, Iva, Vighna, Katara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 3.65). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “varāṅganāgaṇakalilaṃ nṛpātmajastato balādvanamabhinīyate sma tat
  • varāṅganā -
  • varāṅganā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • gaṇa -
  • gaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kalilam -
  • kalila (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kalila (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kalilā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nṛpātmajas -
  • nṛpātmaja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • balād -
  • balāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • vanam -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • abhinī -
  • abhi (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    abhini (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • iyate -
  • iyat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    iyat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    iyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present middle third plural]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “varāpsarovṛtamalakādhipālayaṃ navavrato muniriva vighnakātaraḥ
  • varā -
  • vara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    varā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • apsaro -
  • apsaras (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apsara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vṛtam -
  • vṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb], [accusative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
  • alakādhipā -
  • alakādhipa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • alayam -
  • alaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    alaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    alayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    lay (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • navavrato* -
  • navavrata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • munir -
  • muni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vighna -
  • vighna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kātaraḥ -
  • kātara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 3.65

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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