Katyayana-smriti [sanskrit]

by Manmatha Nath Dutt | 2006 | 9,945 words | ISBN-10: 8171102794

The Sanskrit edition of the Katyayana-smriti referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Katyayana-smriti is one of the minor works on Dharmashastra as mentioned in the Yajnavalkya-smriti. Katyayana is the author of a clear and full treatise on law and also wrote on grammar and other subjects. Alternative titles: Kātyāyanasmṛti (कात्यायनस्मृतिः), Kātyāyana-smṛti (कात्यायन-स्मृति).

Verse 30.12 [389]

अर्थस्योपरि वक्तव्यं तयोरपि विना क्वचित् ।
चतुष्पदेष्वयं धर्मो द्विपदस्थावरेषु च ॥ १२ [३८९] ॥

arthasyopari vaktavyaṃ tayorapi vinā kvacit |
catuṣpadeṣvayaṃ dharmo dvipadasthāvareṣu ca || 12 [389] ||

The English translation of Katyayana-smriti Verse 30.12 [389] is contained in the book Sixteen Minor Smrtis: 2 Volumes by Manmatha Nath Dutt. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Manmatha Nath Dutt (2006)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (30.12 [389]). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Artha, Upari, Vaktavya, Tad, Api, Vina, Kva, Acit, Catushpada, Aya, Idam, Dharma, Dvipad, Dvipada, Tha, Ara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Katyayana-smriti Verse 30.12 [389]). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “arthasyopari vaktavyaṃ tayorapi vinā kvacit
  • arthasyo -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • upari -
  • upari (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    upari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vaktavyam -
  • vaktavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vaktavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vaktavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vac -> vaktavya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> vaktavya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • tayor -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • vinā -
  • vinā (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kva -
  • ku (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ku (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
  • acit -
  • acit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    acit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    acit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “catuṣpadeṣvayaṃ dharmo dvipadasthāvareṣu ca
  • catuṣpadeṣva -
  • catuṣpada (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmo* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dvipadas -
  • dvipad (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dvipad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dvipada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • thāva -
  • tha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • areṣu -
  • ara (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    ara (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
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