Tha, aka: Ṭha; 6 Definition(s)


Tha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Ṭha (ठ).—(l) tad. affix ठ; see ठ् (ṭh) above for the substitution of इक (ika) and क (ka) for ठ. ठ (ṭha) stands as a common term for ठक्, ठन्, ठञ् (ṭhak, ṭhan, ṭhañ), and ठच् (ṭhac) as also for ष्ठल्,ष्ठन् (ṣṭhal, ṣṭhan), and प्ठच् (pṭhac);(2) the consonant ठ (ṭha), the vowel अ (a) being added for facitity of pronunciation, cf. T. Pr. I.21.

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Tha (थ).—(l) personal-ending of the 2nd pers. pl. Parasmaipada,substituted for the ल् (l) of the ten lakara affixes; (2) substitute (थल् (thal)) for the 2nd pers sing. personal ending सिप् (sip) in. the perfect tense: (3) unadi affix (थक् (thak)) added to the roots पा, तॄ, तुद् (, tṝ, tud) etc. e. g. पीथः, तीर्थः (pīthaḥ, tīrthaḥ), etc.; cf unadi sutra II. 7; (4) unadi affix (क्थन् (kthan)) | added to the roots हन्, कुष् (han, kuṣ)नी () etc.; e. g, हथः, कुष्टं, नीथः (hathaḥ, kuṣṭaṃ, nīthaḥ) etc. cf unadi sutra II. 2: (5) unadi affix (थन् (than)) added to the roots उष्, कुष्, गा (uṣ, kuṣ, ) and ऋ (), e. g. ओष्ठः, कोष्ठम् (oṣṭhaḥ, koṣṭham) etc. cf unadi sutra_II. 4; (6) a technical term for the term अभ्यस्त (abhyasta) or the reduplicated wording of Panini (cf. उभे अभ्यस्तम् (ubhe abhyastam)) P. VI. 1. 5, used in the Jainendra Vyakarana.

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1) Thā (था).—tad. affix था (thā) in the sense of question or reason (हेतु (hetu)) added to the pronoun किम् (kim) in Vedic Literature; e.g. कथा देवा आसन् (kathā devā āsan) ; cf. Kas. on P.V.3.26;

2) Thā.—tad. affix था (thā) (थाल् (thāl) according to Panini) which gets caesura or avagraha after प्रत्न, पूर्व, विश्व, इम (pratna, pūrva, viśva, ima) and ऋतु (ṛtu); e.g. प्रत्नथेतिं प्रत्न (pratnathetiṃ pratna)Sथा, पूर्वथेति पूर्वऽथा (thā, pūrvatheti pūrva'thā) etc.: cf. Vij. Pr.V.12:

3) Thā.—tad. affix थाल् (thāl) in the sense of इव (iva) added to the words प्रत्न, पूर्व, विश्व (pratna, pūrva, viśva) and इम (ima) in Vedic Literature, e.g. तं प्रत्नथा पूर्वथा विश्वथेमथा (taṃ pratnathā pūrvathā viśvathemathā); cf Kas, on P. V.3.111:

4) Thā.—tad. affix थाल् (thāl) in the sense of mannar (प्रक्रार (prakrāra)) added to किन् (kin), pronouns excepting those headed by द्वि (dvi), and the word बहु (bahu); e.g. सर्वथा (sarvathā), cf. P V.3.23.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Tha (थ).—This letter means taking food. (Chapter 348, Agni Purāṇa).

2) Ṭha (ठ).—This letter means Candramaṇḍala (moon-disc), emptiness and Śiva. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 348).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ṭha (ठ).—a written character it is represented in this work by Th.

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tha (थ).—See the notice under त.

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thā (था).—f ( H) Bottom, base, ground underneath.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭha (ठ).—The twelfth consonant, and the aspi- rate of the preceding.

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tha (थ).—The 17th consonant.

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ṭha (ठ).—or - a Ploughed.

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ṭha (ठ).—or - or - f Ploughed ground.

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tha (थ).—or- f A narrow and covert watching. Tracing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṭha (ठ).—

1) An imitative sound, as of a metallic jar rolling down steps; रामाभिषेके मदविह्वलायाः कक्षा- च्च्युतो हेमघटस्तरुण्याः । सोपानमार्गे प्रकरोति शब्दं ठठं ठठं ठं ठठठं ठठं ठः (rāmābhiṣeke madavihvalāyāḥ kakṣā- ccyuto hemaghaṭastaruṇyāḥ | sopānamārge prakaroti śabdaṃ ṭhaṭhaṃ ṭhaṭhaṃ ṭhaṃ ṭhaṭhaṭhaṃ ṭhaṭhaṃ ṭhaḥ) Subhāṣ.

2) A loud noise.

3) The disc of the sun or moon.

4) A circle, globe.

5) A cypher.

6) A place resorted to or held sacred by all.

7) An object of sense.

8) An idol, deity.

9) An epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: ṭhaḥ (ठः).

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Tha (थ).—1 A mountain.

2) A protector.

3) A sign of danger.

4) A kind of disease.

5) Eating.

-tham 1 Protection, preservation.

2) Terror, fear.

3) Auspiciousness.

Derivable forms: thaḥ (थः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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