Vaktavya: 16 definitions


Vaktavya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vaktvy.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—That which ought to be stated -or prescribed; the word is frequently found used by the Varttikakāra when he suggests any addition to, or modification in Panini's rules. Sometimes,the word is added by the author of the Mahabhasya in the explanation of a Varttika after stating what is lacking in the Varttika. 40

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vaktavya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य) refers to “stating with reference (to the facts as they are)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva: “O Yogin, O lord Śiva, based on what you said how can that Prakṛti cease to exist and how can you be considered beyond that Prakṛti? You shall ponder over this and say with reference [i.e., vaktavya] to the facts as they are. All these (the universe etc) are bound by Prakṛti continuously. Hence you shall not say anything, not do anything. Know that speaking, doing etc. is a Prākṛta activity”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य) refers to “(that which can be) talked about”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.129-130.—Accordingly, “Even [if] an external object [is] inferred [, it] can be talked about (vaktavya) only insofar as it is being manifest, for if [it] were distinct from the manifesting consciousness (prakāśa), since as a result it would not be manifest, [the awareness of] the very fact that the entity is inferred would amount to a state of stupor!”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vaktavyā (वक्तव्या) refers to “(that which is) declared to be”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 21.9cd-14]—“[But if mantras were aṇu [they] would be embodied forms of separation. The essential selves are known as impure [and are] by no means powerful. Whose impurity does the impure remove? Aṇu mantras [and] devalas are not perfected, O Parameśvara. Without existence, the three kinds of tattvas are kept from a multitude of objects. There, union is declared to be (vaktavyā) the desire for another living being’s welfare.[...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य) refers to “that which should be said” (as part of an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering manual of the root-heart] “[...] The ground should be struck with a pomegranate branch fiercely. ‘Listen, O spell-master, what is your command?’ Then the spell-master should say (vaktavya), ‘Keep the vows of the Tathāgata.’ ‘I shall keep them all’. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—a S (Purposed, necessary, proper, occurring) to be spoken or said.

--- OR ---

vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—n S A dictum or an aphorism; a rule or precept delivered: also an apothegm or a saying in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—a (Proper) to be spoken. n A dictum; a saying.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—pot. p. [vac-tavya]

1) Fit to be said, told, spoken or declared; तत्तर्हि वक्तव्यं न वक्तव्यम् (tattarhi vaktavyaṃ na vaktavyam) (frequently occurring in Mahābhārata )

2) To be spoken about.

3) Reprehensible, blamable, censurable.

4) Low, vile, base.

5) Accountable, responsible.

6) Dependent; कामवक्तव्य- हृदया भर्तृनाथाश्चरन्ति याः (kāmavaktavya- hṛdayā bhartṛnāthāścaranti yāḥ) Rām.2.117.26.

-vyam 1 Speaking, speech.

2) A precept, rule, dictum.

3) Blame, censure, reproach; एवमेतत् । वक्तव्यं परिहर्तव्यं च (evametat | vaktavyaṃ parihartavyaṃ ca) Pañcharātram 2; वक्तव्यं किञ्चिदस्मासु (vaktavyaṃ kiñcidasmāsu) Pratimā 3.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—mfn.

(-vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) 1. Fit or proper to be said or spoken, to be spoken or uttered. 2. To be spoken about or against. 3. Vile, bad, reprehensible. 4. Subject, dependent. 5. Low, base. n.

(-vyaṃ) 1. A rule, a dictum, a sentence. 2. Speech. 3. Reproach. E. vac to speak, and tavya aff., of the future participle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—[adjective] to be said or uttered, to be spoken to, of, or against; blamable, reprehensible, accountable, responsible; [neuter] [impersonally], as subst. reproach, censure. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

--- OR ---

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य).—[adjective] to be said or uttered, to be spoken to, of, or against; blamable, reprehensible, accountable, responsible; [neuter] [impersonally], as subst. reproach, censure. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaktavya (वक्तव्य):—a vaktṛ, vaktra etc. See p.912, [columns] 1, 2.

2) [from vac] b mf(ā)n. to be (or being) spoken or said or uttered or declared, fit to be said or spoken etc., [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (n. [impersonal or used impersonally] ‘it should be said’ etc.)

3) [v.s. ...] to be named or called, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] to be spoken to or addressed, to be told (with [accusative] of thing), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] to be spoken about or against, objection. able, reprehensible, vile, low, bad, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] liable to be called to account, accountable or answerable or responsible or subject to, dependent on ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] n. speaking, speech, [Pañcatantra]

8) [v.s. ...] blame, censure, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

9) [v.s. ...] a rule, dictum, aphorism, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य):—[(vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) a.] That may or should be spoken; vile; dependant. n. A rule, saying, speek.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaktavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaktavya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vaktavya (वक्तव्य) [Also spelled vaktvy]:—(nm) a statement; (a) worth stating.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaktavya (ವಕ್ತವ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] to be spoken, uttered, declared.

2) [adjective] fit to be spoken, uttered or declared.

3) [adjective] making (something) clear, understandable; explaining.

--- OR ---

Vaktavya (ವಕ್ತವ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] a man who is subject to another’s control or command.

2) [noun] the interpretation, meaning or sense given in explaining; explanation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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