Harivamsa [text] [sanskrit]

76,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Harivamsa, an important addition to the larger epic Mahabharata, existing in several editions. The text deals with the ancient Indian Solar and Lunar dynasties leading and recounts the history of Krishna.

Verse 3.78

आज्जिको नरकश्चैव कालनाभस्तथैव च ।
राहुर्ज्येष्ठस्तु तेषां वै चन्द्रसूर्यप्रमर्दनः ।
शरः पोतरणश्चैव वज्रनाभश्च वीर्यवान् ॥ मूकश्चैव तुहुण्डश्च ह्रदपुत्रौ बभूवतुः ।
मारीचः सुन्दपुत्रश्च ताडकायां व्यजायत ।
स्वर्भानुश्च महावीर्यो वक्त्रयोधी महासुरः ।
सरमाणस्तथा चैव शरकल्पश्च वीर्यवान् ॥ ७८ ॥

ājjiko narakaścaiva kālanābhastathaiva ca |
rāhurjyeṣṭhastu teṣāṃ vai candrasūryapramardanaḥ |
śaraḥ potaraṇaścaiva vajranābhaśca vīryavān || mūkaścaiva tuhuṇḍaśca hradaputrau babhūvatuḥ |
mārīcaḥ sundaputraśca tāḍakāyāṃ vyajāyata |
svarbhānuśca mahāvīryo vaktrayodhī mahāsuraḥ |
saramāṇastathā caiva śarakalpaśca vīryavān || 78 ||

The English translation of Harivamsa Verse 3.78 is contained in the book Harivamsa Purana in 3 Volumes by Shanti Lal Nagar. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by Shanti Lal Nagar (2013)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.78). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Naraka, Kalanabha, Tatha, Rahu, Jyeshtha, Tad, Candrasurya, Pramardana, Shara, Sharas, Pota, Rana, Vajranabha, Viryavat, Muka, Tuhunda, Hrada, Putra, Marica, Sunda, Tadaka, Vyaja, Svarbhanu, Mahavirya, Vaktrayodhin, Mahasura, Saramana, Sharan, Kalpa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Harivamsa Verse 3.78). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ājjiko narakaścaiva kālanābhastathaiva ca
  • Cannot analyse ājjiko*na
  • narakaś -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • kālanābhas -
  • kālanābha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “rāhurjyeṣṭhastu teṣāṃ vai candrasūryapramardanaḥ
  • rāhur -
  • rāhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jyeṣṭhas -
  • jyeṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • candrasūrya -
  • candrasūrya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pramardanaḥ -
  • pramardana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “śaraḥ potaraṇaścaiva vajranābhaśca vīryavān
  • śaraḥ -
  • śaras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pota -
  • pota (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pota (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • raṇaś -
  • raṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • vajranābhaś -
  • vajranābha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vīryavān -
  • vīryavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 4: “mūkaścaiva tuhuṇḍaśca hradaputrau babhūvatuḥ
  • mūkaś -
  • mūka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • tuhuṇḍaś -
  • tuhuṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hrada -
  • hrada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • putrau -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • babhūvatuḥ -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third dual]
  • Line 5: “mārīcaḥ sundaputraśca tāḍakāyāṃ vyajāyata
  • mārīcaḥ -
  • mārīca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sunda -
  • sunda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • putraś -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tāḍakāyām -
  • tāḍakā (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • vyajāya -
  • vyaja (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • Line 6: “svarbhānuśca mahāvīryo vaktrayodhī mahāsuraḥ
  • svarbhānuś -
  • svarbhānu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahāvīryo* -
  • mahāvīrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vaktrayodhī -
  • vaktrayodhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahāsuraḥ -
  • mahāsura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 7: “saramāṇastathā caiva śarakalpaśca vīryavān
  • saramāṇas -
  • saramāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • śara -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaran (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    śaran (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kalpaś -
  • kalpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vīryavān -
  • vīryavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Harivamsa Verse 3.78

Cover of edition (2012)

Harivamsa Purana
by Ras Bihari Lal and Sons (2012)

Set of 10 Volumes; Transliterated Text with English Translation; [5425 pages]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Shri Harivamsa Purana in Marathi
by Jitendra Nath Thakur (2021)

श्रीहरिवंशपुराण [Dharmik Prakashan Sanstha, Mumbai]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Shri Harivamsha Purana (Telugu)
by Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son (2012)

శ్రీ వారివంశవ్రరాణం [Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.78 in Telugu sript:
ఆజ్జికో నరకశ్చైవ కాలనాభస్తథైవ చ ।
రాహుర్జ్యేష్ఠస్తు తేషాం వై చన్ద్రసూర్యప్రమర్దనః ।
శరః పోతరణశ్చైవ వజ్రనాభశ్చ వీర్యవాన్ ॥
మూకశ్చైవ తుహుణ్డశ్చ హ్రదపుత్రౌ బభూవతుః ।
మారీచః సున్దపుత్రశ్చ తాడకాయాం వ్యజాయత ।
స్వర్భానుశ్చ మహావీర్యో వక్త్రయోధీ మహాసురః ।
సరమాణస్తథా చైవ శరకల్పశ్చ వీర్యవాన్ ॥ ౭౮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Harivamsa Purana in Gujarati
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2017)

હરિવંશપુરાણ

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.78 in Gujarati sript:
આજ્જિકો નરકશ્ચૈવ કાલનાભસ્તથૈવ ચ ।
રાહુર્જ્યેષ્ઠસ્તુ તેષાં વૈ ચન્દ્રસૂર્યપ્રમર્દનઃ ।
શરઃ પોતરણશ્ચૈવ વજ્રનાભશ્ચ વીર્યવાન્ ॥
મૂકશ્ચૈવ તુહુણ્ડશ્ચ હ્રદપુત્રૌ બભૂવતુઃ ।
મારીચઃ સુન્દપુત્રશ્ચ તાડકાયાં વ્યજાયત ।
સ્વર્ભાનુશ્ચ મહાવીર્યો વક્ત્રયોધી મહાસુરઃ ।
સરમાણસ્તથા ચૈવ શરકલ્પશ્ચ વીર્યવાન્ ॥ ૭૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2021)

Harivansha Mahapurana (Kannada)
by Saraswati Prakashan, Belgaum (2021)

1568 pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.78 in Kannada sript:
ಆಜ್ಜಿಕೋ ನರಕಶ್ಚೈವ ಕಾಲನಾಭಸ್ತಥೈವ ಚ ।
ರಾಹುರ್ಜ್ಯೇಷ್ಠಸ್ತು ತೇಷಾಂ ವೈ ಚನ್ದ್ರಸೂರ್ಯಪ್ರಮರ್ದನಃ ।
ಶರಃ ಪೋತರಣಶ್ಚೈವ ವಜ್ರನಾಭಶ್ಚ ವೀರ್ಯವಾನ್ ॥
ಮೂಕಶ್ಚೈವ ತುಹುಣ್ಡಶ್ಚ ಹ್ರದಪುತ್ರೌ ಬಭೂವತುಃ ।
ಮಾರೀಚಃ ಸುನ್ದಪುತ್ರಶ್ಚ ತಾಡಕಾಯಾಂ ವ್ಯಜಾಯತ ।
ಸ್ವರ್ಭಾನುಶ್ಚ ಮಹಾವೀರ್ಯೋ ವಕ್ತ್ರಯೋಧೀ ಮಹಾಸುರಃ ।
ಸರಮಾಣಸ್ತಥಾ ಚೈವ ಶರಕಲ್ಪಶ್ಚ ವೀರ್ಯವಾನ್ ॥ ೭೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2013)

Shri Harivamsa Purana (Narayani Language)
by Ramtej Pandey (2013)

With Commentary (Set Of 3 Volumes); Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; [Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan]

Buy now!
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