Muka, Mūka, Mūka: 13 definitions

Introduction

Muka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Mūka (मूक) or Mūkatantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Mūka-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mūka (मूक).—A serpent born of the family of Takṣaka. This serpent was burnt to death at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 9, Chapter 5, Ādi Parva).

2) Mūka (मूक).—An asura. This demon once went to Arjuna who was engaged in penance in the forests. He had assumed the form of a boar and Arjuna killed him. At once Śiva appeared there in the guise of a forester and contended that the boar was killed by him. A quarrel ensued which ended in a fight between them. In the end Śiva appeared before Arjuna in his real form and granted him the missile Pāśupata. (See under Arjuna).

3) Mūka (मूक).—A Caṇḍāla devoted much to his parents. A Brāhmaṇa named Narottama went to this caṇḍāla to learn moral lessons from him. (Sṛṣṭikhaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mūka (मूक).—A son of Hrāda killed by Savysāci (Arjuna) in Kairāta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 34, 36; Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 72, 73.

1b) A tribe of the Madhyadeśa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 36.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mūka (मूक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.8, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mūka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Manblunder: Hinduism

mūka means dumb

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mūka (मूक, “mute”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “then, amongst the beings of the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadāthu, the mute (mūka) began to speak”. What sins (āpatti) have they committed in order to be mute? Answer. – They have cut out someone’s tongue or choked someone; they have made someone unable to speak by means of an evil herb; hearing the instructions of their teacher (ācārya) or the orders of their father, they have cut off their speech and not followed their advice; acting in bad ways, they did not believe in sin or merit and opposed correct speech (samyagvāc). Condemned to hell, when they are reborn in human form, they are mute, unable to speak. Those are the various causes that make someone mute (mūka).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mukā (मुका).—a Dumb. 2 Mute or silent. 3 fig. Wanting a head, blind--a guineaworm, a boil, tumor, pustule: not having its kernel yet formed or its milk so abundant as to flop and sound within--a cocoanut: that do not readily germinate on being steeped--particular pulses &c.; or that remains hard or unpuffed by steeping--a grain: unexpanded--a bud, sprout, leaf: working without noise--sugarmills, waterwheels &c.

--- OR ---

mukā (मुका).—m A kiss. v ghē g. of o.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mukā (मुका).—m A kiss. a Dumb; mute, silent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muka (मुक).—The smell of cow-dung.

Derivable forms: mukaḥ (मुकः).

--- OR ---

Mūka (मूक).—a. [mū-kak]

1) Dumb, silent, mute, speechless; मूकं करोति वाचालम् (mūkaṃ karoti vācālam); मूकाण्डजम् (mūkāṇḍajam) (kānanam) Ku.3.42; सखीमियं वीक्ष्य विषादमूकाम् (sakhīmiyaṃ vīkṣya viṣādamūkām) Gīt.7; मूकीभूतघण्टास्वरास्वन्तःपुरदोलासु (mūkībhūtaghaṇṭāsvarāsvantaḥpuradolāsu) K.9; मूकीभूतवीणा (mūkībhūtavīṇā) K.132.

2) Poor, miserable, wretched.

-kaḥ 1 A mute; मौनान्मूकः (maunānmūkaḥ) H.2.26. v. l.; Ms.7.149.

2) A poor or miserable man.

3) A fish.

4) The offspring of a mule and a mare.

-kā A crucible; see मूषा (mūṣā)

Derivable forms: mūkam (मूकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūka (मूक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Dumb. 2. Poor, wretched. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A fish. 2. A demon. 3. A pauper. E. imitative sound, and kai to utter, aff. ka; or to bind, kak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūka (मूक).—I. adj. Dumb, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 71. Ii. m. 1. A fish. 2. A poor man. 3. A Daitya.

— Cf. [Latin] mūtus.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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