Vyaja, Vyāja: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vyaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vyāja (व्याज).—A son of Bhṛgu; a deva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 89.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vyāja.—(LP), interest; cf. dvika-śata-vyājena, ‘at 2 per cent interest’. See vyājī. Note: vyāja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Vyājaka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyāja (व्याज).—n S Disguise (of person or of purpose &c.); cover, cloak, pretext, pretence, sham. Ex. pitṛva- canācēṃ karuni vyāja || vanāsi ālāsa tū raghurāja ||.

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vyāja (व्याज).—n ( H Wyadz.) Interest or usury.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyāja (व्याज).—n Interest.

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vyāja (व्याज).—n Disguise.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyaja (व्यज).—A fan.

Derivable forms: vyajaḥ (व्यजः).

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Vyāja (व्याज).—

1) Deciet, trick, deception, fraud.

2) Art, cunning; अव्याजमनोहरं वपुः (avyājamanoharaṃ vapuḥ) Ś.1.18 'artlessly lovely'; Māl.5.12.

3) A pretext, pretence, semblance; ध्यान- व्याजमुपेत्य (dhyāna- vyājamupetya) Nāg.1.1; R.4.25,58;1.76;11.66.

4) An artifice, a device, contrivance; व्याजार्धसंदर्शितमेखलानि (vyājārdhasaṃdarśitamekhalāni) R.13.42.

5) Wickedness, depravity.

Derivable forms: vyājaḥ (व्याजः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyaja (व्यज).—m.

(-jaḥ) A fan. E. vi before aj to go, gha aff.

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Vyāja (व्याज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. Deceit, fraud, craft, cunning. 2. Disguise, either of purpose or person. 3. Wickedness. E. vi before aj to go, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyaja (व्यज).—i. e. vi-aj + a, m. A fan, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 3322.

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Vyāja (व्याज).—i. e. vi-añj + a, m. 1. Deceit, fraud, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 396; [Pañcatantra] 147, 15. 2. Disguise either of purpose or person. 3. Appearance, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 125; pretence, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 186, 2. 4. Means, [Pañcatantra] 75, 24; 118, 3. 5. Wickedness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāja (व्याज).—[masculine] ([neuter]) deceit, fraud, false semblance, pretext, pretence; °— & [instrumental] [adverb]; adj. —° having the mere semblance of, only appearing as.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyaja (व्यज):—[=vy-aja] [from vy-aj] 1. vy-aja [Pāṇini 3-3, 119.]

2) [from vyaj] 2. vyaja m. a fan, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Vyāja (व्याज):—[=vy-āja] m. (rarely n. ifc. f(ā). ; [from] vy-√añj, to smear over; cf.ac) deceit, fraud, deception, semblance, appearance, imitation, disguise, pretext, pretence ([in the beginning of a compound] ‘treacherously, falsely’, also = ifc. ‘having only the appearance of, appearing as, simulated, deceitful, false’; [instrumental case] and [ablative] ‘treacherously, deceitfully’, ‘under the pretext or guise of’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] an artifice, device, contrivance, means, [Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] wickedness, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyaja (व्यज):—(jaḥ) 1. m. A fan.

2) Vyāja (व्याज):—[vyā+ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. Deceit; disguise; wickedness.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vyaja (व्यज):—(von aj mit vi) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 119.]

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Vyāja (व्याज):—(von añj mit vi) m. (hier und da auch n.) Betrug, Betrügerei, Hinterlist; Täuschung, falscher Schein, Vorwand; = kapaṭa [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 30.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 378.] [Halāyudha 4, 24.] = śāṭhya [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 88.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 77.] [Medinīkoṣa j. 16.] = apadeśa [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 33.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] kiṃcidvyājaṃ kṛtvā teṣāṃ yuddhaṃ nivārayet [Bharata] [NĀṬYAŚ. 18, 76.] dṛkchukravīryarahitaḥ sa karotyanekānvyājān jaranniva yuvāpyabalāmavāpya [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 76, 12.] vyājaṃ padmāvatīhetoḥ kriyamāṇaṃ kadācana . doṣāyāsmākameva syāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 29.] cakāra vatsarājasya vyājānyāgacchataḥ pathi [19, 80.] veśyāvyājopaśikṣārtham [57, 58.] uktataddvijavyājāṃ tām [123, 305.] pūrva den blossen Anschein von Etwas habend [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 66.] vyājena vart [Pañcatantra 147, 15.] vyājena carate dharmamarthaṃ vyājena rocate . vyājena sidhyamāneṣu dhaneṣu [Mahābhārata 3, 13903.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 28, 9.] vyājenāgatamāvṛṇoti hasitam [Spr. (II) 1043.] dānaṃ vyājena bhūṣādeḥ [DAŚAR. 4, 57.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 405.] vyājāddharmaṃ karoti ca [Mahābhārata 3, 13902.] vyājātpraticchannaḥ [4, 299.] yuddhaṃ vyājānnivārayet [DAŚAR. 3, 68.] vyājairdharmaṃ cariṣyanti [Mahābhārata 3, 13022.] am Anfange eines comp. = vyājena, z. B. : hata durch Hinterlist [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 20, 9.] vyājārdhasaṃdarśitamekhala um zu täuschen [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 42.] supta so v. a. sich schlafend stellend [Kathāsaritsāgara 46, 174.] nidritā [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 504.] sapraṇayairvākyaiḥ dem Scheine nach [Kathāsaritsāgara 29, 82.] vyavahāra ein hinterlistiges Benehmen [Dhūrtasamāgama 76, 9.] vyājasuptaṃ vihāya ein simulirter Schlaf [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 190. 70, 33.] kheda [49, 97.] vyājābhiprāya [39, 106.] viṣṇu [12, 165.] guru [19, 76.] sakhī [71, 162.] haṃsāvalī [168. 180.] tapodhana [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 275.] vyājāhvaya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 35. 8, 21, 9.] Am Ende eines comp.

1) hinter dem, was die Täuschung bereitet: (tasmai vahniḥ) pradakṣiṇārcirvyājena hasteneva jayaṃ dadau [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 25.] (udanvāndadau) aparāntamahīpālavyājena raghave karam [58. 10, 76.] [Spr. (II) 2488.] [Pañcatantra 75, 24.] madavyājāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 19, 97.] datto nṛhastaste raktābjavyājato nayā [108, 26.] —

2) hinter dem, was simulirt wird, blosser Schein, blosser Vorwand ist: putravyājamupāgato ripuḥ [Spr. 1789.] nidrāvyājamupāgatasya [3010.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 26.] durgavyājena bandhanam [Spr. (II) 411. 2710. 3173.] vaṇijyāvyājāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 13, 180.] snānavyājāt [4, 60.] māndya [24, 167. 32, 154. 63, 102. 71, 95.] praṇayakrīḍāvyājāt [37, 153.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 269. 2, 130. 5, 369. 8, 2124.] [Daśakumāracarita 70, 6.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 1, 13.] [Sāhityadarpana 60, 5.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 81, 8. 116, 52.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 24, 6.] grāmāntaravyājaṃ kṛtvā sich stellend, als wenn er in ein anderes Dorf ginge, [Pañcatantra 187, 5.] naitadvetsi yanmaṭhāśrayavyājena narakopārjanaṃ kriyate [118, 3.] tadvyājāt so v. a. als wenn es diesem gälte [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 89, 18.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 297.] — Am Ende eines adj. comp. nur den Schein von habend, in der Gestalt von erscheinend: nṛpa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 17, 27.] sūkaravyājaṃ sattvam [3, 13, 21.] smaravyājagraha [6, 1, 63.] avyāja am Anfange eines comp.

1) = avyājena ohne Betrug, ohne angewandte Künste: manohara [Śākuntala 17.] sundarī [Mālavikāgnimitra 34.] —

2) adj. nicht simulirt, natürlich: avyājaudāryacarya [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 308.] dhairya [8, 2124.] svavyājena karmaṇā ganz ehrlich [Mahābhārata 13, 2079.] — savyājam adv. verstellter Weise [Śākuntala 18, 21.] [Vikramorvaśī 12, 18.] — Vgl. nirvyāja .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyāja (व्याज) [Also spelled vyaj]:—(nm) pretext, pretence; see [byāja] (and entries thereunder); ~[niṃdā] artful or ironical censure; ~[stuti] indirect eulogy, ironical commendation.

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