Vyaja, Vyāja: 16 definitions


Vyaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vyāja (व्याज) refers to a “pretext”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.41 (“Description of the Altar-Structure”).—Accordingly, after Nārada spoke to Indra and others: “On hearing your words lord Indra who was frightened from head to foot, immediately spoke to Viṣṇu. [Lord Indra said:—] ‘O lord of Lakṣmī, O lord of gods, Tvaṣṭṛ who is agitated due to the grief over his son will surely kill me under this pretext (vyāja) and not otherwise’. On hearing his words Viṣṇu, the lord of gods laughingly consoled Indra by speaking thus. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vyāja (व्याज).—A son of Bhṛgu; a deva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 89.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Vyāja (व्याज) refers to the “deceit (of the breath)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath (pavana-vyājapavanavyājena bhītā satī), the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction goes out like a young doe in the forest. O shameless one, if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

Synonyms: Kapaṭa.

2) Vyāja (व्याज) refers to the “guise” (of world-protectors), according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “I think, that doctrine, whose progress is unimpeded, has arisen for the benefit of the world of living souls in the guise (vyāja) of world-protectors. If, because of the power of the doctrine, it is not received by those whose minds are boundless, then there is not a cause for enjoyment and liberation in the three worlds”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vyāja.—(LP), interest; cf. dvika-śata-vyājena, ‘at 2 per cent interest’. See vyājī. Note: vyāja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Vyājaka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyāja (व्याज).—n S Disguise (of person or of purpose &c.); cover, cloak, pretext, pretence, sham. Ex. pitṛva- canācēṃ karuni vyāja || vanāsi ālāsa tū raghurāja ||.

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vyāja (व्याज).—n ( H Wyadz.) Interest or usury.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyāja (व्याज).—n Interest.

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vyāja (व्याज).—n Disguise.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyaja (व्यज).—A fan.

Derivable forms: vyajaḥ (व्यजः).

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Vyāja (व्याज).—

1) Deciet, trick, deception, fraud.

2) Art, cunning; अव्याजमनोहरं वपुः (avyājamanoharaṃ vapuḥ) Ś.1.18 'artlessly lovely'; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.12.

3) A pretext, pretence, semblance; ध्यान- व्याजमुपेत्य (dhyāna- vyājamupetya) Nāg.1.1; R.4.25,58;1.76;11.66.

4) An artifice, a device, contrivance; व्याजार्धसंदर्शितमेखलानि (vyājārdhasaṃdarśitamekhalāni) R.13.42.

5) Wickedness, depravity.

Derivable forms: vyājaḥ (व्याजः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyaja (व्यज).—m.

(-jaḥ) A fan. E. vi before aj to go, gha aff.

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Vyāja (व्याज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. Deceit, fraud, craft, cunning. 2. Disguise, either of purpose or person. 3. Wickedness. E. vi before aj to go, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyaja (व्यज).—i. e. vi-aj + a, m. A fan, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 3322.

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Vyāja (व्याज).—i. e. vi-añj + a, m. 1. Deceit, fraud, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 396; [Pañcatantra] 147, 15. 2. Disguise either of purpose or person. 3. Appearance, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 125; pretence, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 186, 2. 4. Means, [Pañcatantra] 75, 24; 118, 3. 5. Wickedness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāja (व्याज).—[masculine] ([neuter]) deceit, fraud, false semblance, pretext, pretence; °— & [instrumental] [adverb]; adj. —° having the mere semblance of, only appearing as.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyaja (व्यज):—[=vy-aja] [from vy-aj] 1. vy-aja [Pāṇini 3-3, 119.]

2) [from vyaj] 2. vyaja m. a fan, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Vyāja (व्याज):—[=vy-āja] m. (rarely n. ifc. f(ā). ; [from] vy-√añj, to smear over; cf.ac) deceit, fraud, deception, semblance, appearance, imitation, disguise, pretext, pretence ([in the beginning of a compound] ‘treacherously, falsely’, also = ifc. ‘having only the appearance of, appearing as, simulated, deceitful, false’; [instrumental case] and [ablative] ‘treacherously, deceitfully’, ‘under the pretext or guise of’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] an artifice, device, contrivance, means, [Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] wickedness, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyaja (व्यज):—(jaḥ) 1. m. A fan.

2) Vyāja (व्याज):—[vyā+ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. Deceit; disguise; wickedness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vyajā (व्यजा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vayā, Vāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyāja (व्याज) [Also spelled vyaj]:—(nm) pretext, pretence; see [byāja] (and entries thereunder); ~[niṃdā] artful or ironical censure; ~[stuti] indirect eulogy, ironical commendation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyāja (ವ್ಯಾಜ):—

1) [noun] the act of representing as true what is known to be false; a deceiving or lying; deceit.

2) [noun] a false reason or motive put forth to hide the real one; an excuse; a pretext.

3) [noun] the quality of being mischievous; mischievousness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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