Manthara, Mantharā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Manthara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Manthara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mantharā (मन्थरा).—A maid of Kaikeyī the wife of Daśaratha. This hunchbacked woman was born of the species of a Gandharvī named Dundubhī. (Śloka 10, Chapter 276, Vana Parva). When everything was made ready to crown Śrī Rāma as the heir-apparent of Ayodhyā, it was Mantharā who persuaded Kaikeyī to go to Daśaratha and ask him to send Śrī Rāma to the forests. Had not the cruel tongue of Mantharā played like that, the history of the solar dynasty itself would have been different. (See under Kaikeyī).

2) Mantharā (मन्थरा).—Daughter of Virocana. (Sarga 25, Bālakāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa). Indra killed this Mantharā.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Manthara was the house-maid of Kaikeyi, the queen of King Dasharatha. She had lived with the queen since her birth. The King had decided to make Rama, his eldest son (by his eldest wife Kausalya) as his heir-apparent, and Kaikeyi was glad at this news like everyone in the kingdom.

However, Manthara gave her evil advice, pointing out to her that she and her son Bharata would be second-class citizens henceforth. Acting on this advice, relying upon a boon that her husband had promised her, Kaikeyi got her son Bharata crowned as the heir instead, and got Rama exiled to the forest for fourteen years. Unable, to bear the thought of separation from his son, Dasharatha died of grief.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Mantharā (मंथरा): Mantharā was a servant who convinced Kaikeyi that the throne of Ayodhya belonged to her son Bharata and that Rama should be exiled from the kingdom.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Manthara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

manthara : (m.) a tortoise.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manthara (मन्थर).—a. [manth-arac]

1) Slow, dull, tardy, lazy, inactive; गर्भमन्थरा (garbhamantharā) Ś.4; प्रत्यभिज्ञानमन्थरोऽभवत् (pratyabhijñānamantharo'bhavat) ibid; स्थाने खल्वयं प्रसवमन्थरोऽभूत् (sthāne khalvayaṃ prasavamantharo'bhūt) M.5; दरमन्थरचरणविहारम् (daramantharacaraṇavihāram) Gīt.11; Śi.6.4;7.18;5.62; R.19.21.

2) Stupid, foolish, silly; मन्थरकौलिकः (mantharakaulikaḥ).

3) Low, deep, hollow, having a low tone.

4) Large, broad, wide, big.

5) Bent, crooked, curved.

6) Indicating, showing (sūcaka).

-raḥ 1 A store, treasure.

2) The hair of the head.

3) Wrath, anger.

4) Fresh butter.

5) A churning-stick.

6) Hindrance, an obstacle.

7) A stronghold.

8) Fruit.

9) A spy, an informer.

1) The month Vaiśākha.

11) The mountain Mandara.

12) An antelope.

-rā Name of a humpbacked nurse or slave of Kaikeyī who instigated her mistress, on the eve of Rāma's coronation as heir-apparent, to beg of her husband by the two boons formerly promised to her by him, the banishment of Rāma for fourteen years and the installation of Bharata on the throne; मन्थरां प्रविशस्वादौ कैकेयीं च ततः परम् (mantharāṃ praviśasvādau kaikeyīṃ ca tataḥ param) A. Rām.

-ram Safflower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthara (मन्थर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Slow, lazy, tardy. 2. Large, bulky. 3. Curved, bowed, crooked. 4. Stupid, dull, a fool. 5. Low, vile, little. 6. Low, hollow, (as sound.) m.

(-raḥ) 1. A soldier marching slowly. 2. A spy, an informer. 3. A treasury, a store, a repertory. 4. Fruit. 5. An obstacle, a hindrance. 6. A churning-stick. 7. Fresh butter. 8. The month Vaisak'ha. 9. Passion, wrath. 10. A deer. 11. A fort, a strong-hold. 12. The mountain Mandara. 13. The hair of the head. n.

(-raṃ) Safflower. f.

(-rā) Name of the favourite female slave of Kaikeyi. the favourite wife of Dasaratha. E. manth to agitate, &c. aff. arac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthara (मन्थर).—[manth + ara], I. adj. 1. Slow, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 182, 2. 2. Torpid, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 19, 21. 3. Large. 4. Crooked. 5. Stupid. 6. Low. Ii. m. 1. A treasure. 2. Fruit. 3. An obstacle. 4. A churning-stick. 5. A proper name, [Hitopadeśa] 58, 7, M.M. Iii. n. Safflower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manthara (मन्थर).—[adjective] slow, lazy, tardy; dull, stupid; [feminine] ā [Name] of a woman. °— & [neuter] [adverb]; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manthara (मन्थर):—mf(ā)n. (allied to √2. mand and manda, but in some meanings rather [from] √math) slow ([literally] and [figuratively]; often ifc. ‘slow in’), lazy, tardy, indolent, dull, stupid, silly, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc. (am ind.)

2) low, hollow, deep (as sound), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) bent, curved, crooked, humpbacked (cf. ā f. and mantharaka)

4) broad, wide, large, bulky, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) tale-bearing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) m. a treasure or hair or anger (= kośa, keśa, or kopa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) fruit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) a spy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) an antelope, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) of the month Vaiśākha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) a fortress, stronghold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) an obstacle, hindrance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) whirling, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) a churning-stick, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) the mountain Mandara, [Horace H. Wilson] (cf. manthaparvata)

16) Name of a tortoise, [Hitopadeśa]

17) Mantharā (मन्थरा):—[from manthara] f. Name of a humpbacked female slave of Bharata’s mother Kaikeyī ([according to] to [Mahābhārata] an incarnation of the Gandharvī Dundubhī; [according to] to [Rāmāyaṇa] a daughter of Virocana)

18) Manthara (मन्थर):—n. safflower.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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