Vidha, Vidhā, Citravidha: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vidha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vidhā (विधा).—Characteristic feature of an activity; cf. संख्याया विधार्थे धा । विधा प्रकारः सर्वक्रियाविषय एव गृह्यते (saṃkhyāyā vidhārthe dhā | vidhā prakāraḥ sarvakriyāviṣaya eva gṛhyate) Kas. on P. V.3.42.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Of all kinds, in all possible ways).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vidha.—(SITI), variety, kind. Note: vidha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vidha : (adj.) (in cpds.) of a kind; consisting of: --fold. nānāvidha = manifold || vidhā (f.) conceit; pride.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vidha, 2 (=vidha1 as noun) form, kind Th. 1, 428 (māna°).—There are several other meanings of vidha, which are, however, uncertain & rest on doubtful readings. Thus it occurs at Vin. II, 136 in meaning of “buckle” (v. l. pīṭha; C. silent); at Vin. IV, 168 in meaning “little box” (?); at DA. I, 269 as “carrying pole” (=kāca2, but text D. I, 101 has “vividha”). (Page 622)

2) Vidha, 1 (adj. (-°) (=vidhā) of a kind, consisting of, —fold, e.g. aneka° manifold DA. I, 103; tathā° of such-kind, such-like Sn. 772; ti° threefold D. I, 134; Sn. 509; nānā° various PvA. 53, 96, 113; bahu° manifold ThA. 197; etc. (Page 622)

— or —

Vidhā, (f.) (cp. Sk. vidhā) 1. mode, manner, sort, kind; proportion, form, variety D. III, 103 (ādesana°); Th. 2, 395 (cakkhu° “shape of an eye” translation); VbhA. 496 (in explanation of kathaṃ-vidha: “ākāra-saṇṭhānaṃ vidhā nāma”); DA. I, 222 (iddhi°), 294 (in explanation of tividha-yañña: “ettha vidhā vuccati ṭhapanā” i.e. performance, arrangement), 299 (similarly tisso vidhā=tīṇi ṭhapanāni; of yañña).—Used as (Abl.) adv. vidhā in meaning “variously” at Pv. II, 952 (C. explanation=vidhātabba, not quite correctly; PvA. 135). Perhaps the phrase vidhāsamatikkanta is to be explained in this way, viz. “excelling in a variety of ways, higher than a variety (of things)” or perhaps better: “going beyond all distinctions” (i.e. of personality); free from prejudice (i.e. No. 2) S. II, 253; III, 80, 136, 170; A. IV, 53. ‹-› 2. (ethically) in special sense: a distinctive feature (of a person as diff. from others), a “mode” of pride or delusion, a “form” of conceit. As such specified as three kinds of conceit (tisso vidhā), viz. “seyyo ‘ham asmi, ” “sadiso ‘ham asmi, ” & “hīno ‘ham asmi” (i.e. I am better than somebody else, equal to, & worse than somebody else). See e.g. D. III, 216; S. I, 12; III, 48, 80, 127; V, 56, 98; Nd1 195; Vbh. 367; Sn. 842; VbhA. 496 (māno va vidhā nāma).—The adj. form is vidha: see sep. (Page 622)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidha (विध).—m (S) A kind, sort, manner, form. In comp. as dvividha, trividha, caturvidha, bahuvidha, nānāvidha.

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vīdha (वीध).—m (vidhi S) An observance in the first year after marriage,--the sending by the bridegroom to the bride, or vice versâ, of presents of victuals and sweetmeats: also such presents. 2 f (Among the vulgar.) A festal ceremony, or rite, or occasion in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vidha (विध).—m A kind, sort, manner.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidha (विध).—[vidh-ka ac vā]

1) Kind, sort; as in बहुविध, नानाविध (bahuvidha, nānāvidha).

2) Mode, manner, form.

3) Fold (at the end of comp. especially after numerals); त्रिविध, अष्टविध (trividha, aṣṭavidha) &c.

4) The food of elephants.

5) Prosperity.

6) Penetration.

Derivable forms: vidhaḥ (विधः).

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Vidhā (विधा).—3 U.

1) To do, make, bring about, effect, accomplish, perform, cause, produce, occasion; यथाक्रमं पुंसवनादिकाः क्रिया धृतेश्च धीरः सदृशीर्व्यधत्त सः (yathākramaṃ puṃsavanādikāḥ kriyā dhṛteśca dhīraḥ sadṛśīrvyadhatta saḥ) R.3.1; तन्नो देवा विधेयासुः (tanno devā vidheyāsuḥ) Bk.19.2; विधेयासुर्देवाः परमरमणीयां परिणतिम् (vidheyāsurdevāḥ paramaramaṇīyāṃ pariṇatim) Māl.6.7; प्रायः शुभं च विदधात्यशुभं च जन्तोः सर्वंकषा भगवती भवितव्यतैव (prāyaḥ śubhaṃ ca vidadhātyaśubhaṃ ca jantoḥ sarvaṃkaṣā bhagavatī bhavitavyataiva) 1.23; ये द्वे कालं विधत्तः (ye dve kālaṃ vidhattaḥ) Ś.1.1 'cause, produce, or regulate time'; तस्य तस्याचलां श्रद्धां तामेव विदधाम्यहम् (tasya tasyācalāṃ śraddhāṃ tāmeva vidadhāmyaham) Bg.7.21; R.2.38;3.66; Ve.1.1; Ki.1.3;16.62;18. 28; (these senses may be further modified according to the noun with which vidhā is used; cf. kṛ).

2) To lay down, ordain, prescribe, fix, settle, command, enjoin; प्राङ्नाभिवर्धनात् पुंसो जातकर्म विधीयते (prāṅnābhivardhanāt puṃso jātakarma vidhīyate) Ms.2.29;3.19; Y.1. 72; शूद्रस्य तु सवर्णैव नान्या भार्या विधीयते (śūdrasya tu savarṇaiva nānyā bhāryā vidhīyate) Ms.9.157;3.118; पाणिनिश्च क्रियाफलस्य कर्तृगामित्वे सत्यात्मनेपदं विदधाति (pāṇiniśca kriyāphalasya kartṛgāmitve satyātmanepadaṃ vidadhāti) J. N. V.

3) To make, form, shape, create, manufacture; तं वेधा विदधे नूनं महाभूतसमाधिना (taṃ vedhā vidadhe nūnaṃ mahābhūtasamādhinā) R.1.29; अङ्गानि चम्पकदलैः स विधाय नूनं कान्ते कथं घटितवानुपलेन चेतः (aṅgāni campakadalaiḥ sa vidhāya nūnaṃ kānte kathaṃ ghaṭitavānupalena cetaḥ) Ś. Til.3.

4) To appoint, depute (as a minister).

5) To put on, wear; Pt.1.

6) To fix upon, direct towards (as mind &c); योगे धैर्य- समाधिसिद्धिसुलभे बुद्धिं विधद्ध्वं बुधाः (yoge dhairya- samādhisiddhisulabhe buddhiṃ vidhaddhvaṃ budhāḥ) Bh.3.54; व्यवसायात्मिका बुद्धिः समाधौ न विधीयते (vyavasāyātmikā buddhiḥ samādhau na vidhīyate) Bg.2.44.

7) To arrange, put in order.

8) To make ready, prepare.

9) To settle, fix, establish; चरणारविन्दयुगलं मनसा विदधत् (caraṇāravindayugalaṃ manasā vidadhat) Bhāg.5.9.3.

1) To give, grant; अतीतसंख्या विहिता ममाग्निना शिलीमुखाः खाण्डव- मत्तुमिच्छता (atītasaṃkhyā vihitā mamāgninā śilīmukhāḥ khāṇḍava- mattumicchatā) Ki.14.1.

11) To procure, furnish.

12) To place, put, lay.

13) To engross, consume; धने सुखकला या तु साऽपि दुःखैर्विधीयते (dhane sukhakalā yā tu sā'pi duḥkhairvidhīyate) Mb.12.177.35.

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Vidhā (विधा).—

1) Mode, manner, form; मनः प्रत्यक् चित्ते सविधमवधायात्तमरुतः (manaḥ pratyak citte savidhamavadhāyāttamarutaḥ) Śiva-mahimna 25.

2) Kind, sort.

3) Prosperity, affluence.

4) The food of elephants, horses &c.

5) Penetration.

6) Hire, wages.

7) Act, action.

8) Pronunciation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidha (विध).—mf.

(-dhaḥ-dhā) 1. Form, formula, rule. 2. Manner, kind, sort. 3. Fodder, the food of horses, elephants, &c. 4. Prosperity, thriving. 5. Hire, wages. 6. Act, action. 7. Piercing. E. vi before, dhā to have, aff. ka or aṅ, and fem. aff. ṭāp; or vidh to rule, &c., aff. ka or ac; the masculine form, though it does occur, is not common, except in composition, when the word is used attributively, as dvividha of two sorts. mfn.

(-dhaḥ-dhā-dhaṃ) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhā (विधा).—[vi-dhā], f. 1. Form. 2. Manner. 3. Act, action. 4. Thriving, prosperity. 5. Hire, wages. 6. Food of horses, rlephants, etc. 7. (vb. vyadh), Piercing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhā (विधा).—[feminine] part, proportion, measure, sort, kind; adj. —° often -fold, -like.

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Vidhā (विधा).—distribute, divide; impart, procure, grant; appoint, arrange, settle; destine, design; exhibit, show, betray; find out, produce, found, form, cause, effect, make (in various mgs & [with] various nouns = 1 kṛ q.v.); make, render (2 [accusative]); lay, place, put, fix in or on ([locative]); set forward or send out (spies). [Desiderative] (dhitsati, °te) wish to impart, fix, settle, find out, procure, make or render (2 [accusative]); intend or purpose i.[grammar] anuvi [Middle] appoint or regulate (in due order); cause or effect (after another), bring about, perform; [Passive] be regulated according to, i.e. obey, follow ([accusative] or [genetive]).

Vidhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and dhā (धा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidha (विध):—[from vidh] 1. vidha m. piercing, perforating, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (for other meanings See 2. vidha, [column]3).

2) Vidhā (विधा):—[=vi-√dhā] a [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -dadhāti, -dhatte, to distribute, apportion, grant, bestow, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with kāmam, to fulfil a wish);

2) —to furnish, supply, procure (with ātmanaḥ, ‘for one’s self’), [Mahābhārata];

2) —to spread, diffuse, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda];

2) —to put in order, arrange, dispose, prepare, make ready, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad];

2) —to divide, parcel out, [Śukasaptati];

2) —to ordain, direct, enjoin, settle, appoint, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to form, create, build, establish, found, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to perform, effect, produce, cause, occasion, make, do, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (like √kṛ to be translated variously in connection with various nouns e.g. with siṃhatvam, to change into a lion; with saciva-tām, to assume the office of a minister; with veṣam, to put on a garment; with vṛttim, to secure a maintenance; with upāyam, to devise a means; with mantram, to hold a consultation; with rājyam, to carry on government, rule; with saṃdhim, to conclude peace; with kalaham, to pick up a quarrel ; with vairam, to declare war; with lajjām, to display bashfulness; with kolāhalam, to raise a clamour; with cumbanaṃ, to give a kiss);

2) —to make, render (with two [accusative]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.;

2) —to contrive or manage that (yathā), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa];

2) —to put or lay on or in, direct towards ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (with hṛdaye, to take to heart; with agrataḥ, or adhaḥ, to place before or below);

2) —to send out, despatch (spies), [Manu-smṛti vii, 184];

2) —to take trouble with ([dative case]), [Kirātārjunīya i, 3];

2) —to treat, deal with ([accusative]), [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 38, 17] :

2) —[Passive voice] -dhīyate, to be distributed etc.;

2) —to be allotted or intended for ([genitive case]), [Manu-smṛti ix, 119];

2) —to be accounted, pass for ([nominative case]), [ib. iii, 118] :

2) —[Causal] -dhāpayati, to cause to put, cause to be laid, [Rāmāyaṇa];—cause to put in order or arrange or fix, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] :

2) —[Desiderative] -dhitsati, te, to wish to distribute or bestow, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

2) —to wish to decide or determine or fix or establish, [Śaṃkarācārya];

2) —to wish to find out or devise (a means), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

2) —to wish to procure or acquire, [Mahābhārata];

2) —to wish to perform or accomplish anything, intend, purpose, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa];

2) —to wish to make or render (two [accusative]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) Vidha (विध):—[from vi-dhā] 2. vidha mn. of vidhā (ifc.) (for 1. See [column]2)

4) [v.s. ...] m. measure, form, kind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] food for an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. vi-dhāna)

6) [v.s. ...] = ṛddhi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. next).

7) Vidhā (विधा):—[v.s. ...] b f. division, part, portion, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śulba-sūtra] (often ifc. = ‘fold’; cf. eka-, bahu-vidha etc.; also [adverb] in triand dvi-vidhā q.v.)

8) [v.s. ...] form, manner, kind, sort, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc. (yayā kayā-cid vidhayā, in whatsoever way, anyhow; often ifc.; cf. asmad-evaṃ-, nānā-vidha etc.)

9) [v.s. ...] fodder, [Patañjali]

10) [v.s. ...] increase (= ṛddhi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] wages, hire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] pronunciation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] = vedhana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. 1. vidha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidha (विध):—[(dhaḥ-dhā)] 1. m. f. Rule; form; manner; fodder; prosperity; hire; act; piercing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidha (विध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viha, Vihā, Vihe.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vidha (विध):—(nf) see [vidhi] as a suffix it means—of a type/form or types/forms (as [bahuvidha,ekavidha]).

2) Vidhā (विधा):—(nf) genre; form, type; device.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vidhā (विधा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vṛthā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Citravidha (ಚಿತ್ರವಿಧ):—[noun] a way, manner, mode etc. that is exquisite, astonishing, amazing or astounding.

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Vidha (ವಿಧ):—

1) [noun] kind; sort; manner.

2) [noun] ವಿಧ ತಿಳಿದವನನ್ನೂ ವಿಧಿ ಬಿಡದು [vidha tilidavanannu vidhi bidadu] vidha tiḷidavanannū vidhi biḍadu (prov.) scholarship cannot defy destiny; there is no contending against destiny.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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