Viddha, Viddhā: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Viddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Viddha (विद्ध) refers to a one of the three varieties of yati: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “when the yati is srotogatā, the tempo is medium and there is sama-pāṇi, the playing is called viddha. The playing of music is called viddha when in case characters of superior or middling type, its procedure is vārtika or dakṣiṇa”.

2) Viddha (विद्ध) refers to one of the twenty prakāras: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “when paṇavas are played with the karaṇas used for mṛdaṅgas, and such karaṇas are the various sūcivedhas, the playing is called Viddha. The playing which is intermixed with Viddha and is seen in connection with all the instruments, is called Anuviddha, because of the mutual Anuvedha”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Viddha (विद्ध):—Sting / arrow poison

2) [viddham] Unwholesome in rules of eating taking meals in public, ugly places, in burial ground etc.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Viddha (विद्ध) means “pierced”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “Salutation to Śrī Gaṇeśa. Now the method of setting up the water clock. A pure vessel, made of copper of ten palas in weight, of the shape of a hemisphere, measuring six aṅgulas from the bottom to the top, evenly dense, in width twelve aṅgulas; pierced [i.e., viddha] by a golden needle, made of one māṣa increased by three (tripacayā?). After measuring with that vessel, if it sinks sixty times (or, if it is filled in sixty palas of time), then it is a [proper] water clock”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Viddha (विद्ध) refers to “being hit and wounded by arrows” (of Kāma—i.e., love), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Sage Nārada:—“[...] The lord was completely agitated due to Satī’s love and separation from her. He performed his penance there. Pārvatī engaged herself in His service continuously accompanied by two of her maids. Although the lord Śiva was hit and wounded [i.e., viddha] by the arrows of Kāma who was sent thither by the gods to enchant Him, He was not swayed at all. Burning Kāma there by His fiery eye, on remembering my words, the lord became angry with me and vanished from the scene. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Viddha (विद्ध) refers to the “penetration” (of metals), according to the Kulārṇava-tantra 14.89.—Accordingly, “Just as iron penetrated (viddha) by mercury becomes gold, even so a soul penetrated by initiation becomes divine”.

2) Viddha (विद्ध) refers to “(being) penetrated (by the elixir of Awareness)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī (KSTS vol. 65, 327–331).—Accordingly, “When, further, these elements of prāṇa, body, etc., [already] penetrated by the elixir of Awareness, are thoroughly permeated (abhiniviṣṭaabhiniviṣṭo'tyantaṃ) [by it], they are [then] ‘digested’ like the element of gold [is by mercury], by which [process] their purifier, the ‘liquefied essence’ [of Awareness] as it were, alone remains—then that too is the state Beyond the Fourth”.

Note: The process goes like this: having inundated/penetrated (viddha) the objective layers of self-hood (body etc.) with the “elixir” of one’s ultimate nature (i.e., saṃvid-rasa, autonomous dynamic consciousness), the “gold” hidden within them is extracted, i.e. their dependence on consciousness as their substrate is revealed. When those layers have become completely permeated (abhiniviṣṭaabhiniviṣṭo'tyantaṃ), through, one presumes, further spiritual practice, all trace of their objectivity (and the saṃskāras thereof) is “worn away” or “digested” (jīrṇa) by the elixir of consciousness—as mercury eats up gold flakes—which thus becomes a single unitary mass of awareness (‘prakāśa-ghanam eva saṃvidrūpam’, cited infra).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viddha : (pp. of vijjhati) pierced; shot; struck.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viddhā, poet. ger. of vijjhati J. VI, 77. (Page 622)

— or —

1) Viddha, 2 (adj.) (cp. *Sk. vīdhra clear sky) clear; only in phrase viddha vigata-valāhaka deva a clear sky without a cloud Vin. I, 3; M. I, 317=S. I, 65=III, 156=V. 44=It. 20. (Page 622)

2) Viddha, 1 (pp. of vijjhati) pierced, perforated; hit, struck, hurt Sn. 331; Nd1 414 (sallena); Miln. 251 (eaten through by worms); Sdhp. 201 (kaṇṭakena). (Page 622)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viddha (विद्ध).—p S Perforated, pierced, bored.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viddha (विद्ध).—p Perforated, bored.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viddha (विद्ध).—p. p. [vyadh-kta]

1) Pierced, penetrated; wounded, stabbed.

2) Beaten, whipped, lashed.

3) Thrown, directed, sent.

4) Opposed.

5) Resembling.

6) Wise, learned; L. D. B.

7) Mutually clung; मेघवृन्दमिवाकाशे विद्धं विद्युत्समावृतम् (meghavṛndamivākāśe viddhaṃ vidyutsamāvṛtam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.27.37.

-ddhaḥ Clypera Hernandifolia (Mar. pahāḍamūḷa).

-ddham A wound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viddha (विद्ध).—(°-) [, in (makara-)viddhāśritaḥ Gaṇḍavyūha 505.12, read °vidyāśritaḥ; and so in 505.14 read -vidyāśrito for-viddhā°]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viddha (विद्ध).—mfn.

(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. Pierced, perforated. 2. Thrown, cast, directed, sent. 3. Like, resembling. 4. Opposed, impeded. 5. Beaten, whipped. m.

(-ddhaḥ) A tree, (Echites scholaris.) n.

(-ddhaṃ) A wound. E. vidh to pierce, or vyadh to beat, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viddha (विद्ध).—[adjective] pierced, hit, wounded, hurt; affected or afflicted with ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viddha (विद्ध):—a mfn. ([past participle] of √vyadh) pierced, perforated, penetrated, stabbed, struck, wounded, beaten, torn, hurt, injured, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) cleft, split, burst asunder, [Mahābhārata]

3) (with śūlāyām) impaled, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) opposed, impeded, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) thrown, sent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) stung, incited, set in motion, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) filled or affected or provided or joined or mixed with ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) like, resembling, [Śrutabodha]

9) m. Echites Scholaris, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) n. a wound, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) [from vyadh] b etc. See p. 966, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viddha (विद्ध):—[(ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) a.] Pierced; thrown; hit; like; opposed; beaten. m. A tree (Echites scholaris).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Viddha (विद्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viṃdhia, Vijjha, Viddha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Viddha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Viddha (विद्ध):—(a) pierced, penetrated; hence ~[] (nf).

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Viddha (विद्ध) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vyadh.

2) Viddha (विद्ध) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Viddha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viddha (ವಿದ್ಧ):—

1) [adjective] pierced; perforated; penetrated; stabbed.

2) [adjective] wounded; injured.

3) [adjective] beaten; struck; whipped.

4) [adjective] thrown; hurled; projected.

5) [adjective] opposed; impeded; obstructed.

6) [adjective] resembling; similar.

7) [adjective] joined together; combined.

8) [adjective] knowing; well-informed; erudite; scholarly.

--- OR ---

Viddha (ವಿದ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] that which is pierced, perforated or has a hole or holes in it.

2) [noun] a wound made by a snake by piercing its two fangs in to the body.

3) [noun] a blow or stroke delivered with the hand or a weapon, tool, etc.

4) [noun] a man who is struck with a blow or is wounded; an injured man.

5) [noun] the act of painting, drawing a picture.

6) [noun] the original picture, portrait, etc. based on which a copy is made.

7) [noun] (dance.) one of the gaits.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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