Traya: 11 definitions



Traya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Traya (त्रय).—Group of three: varṇa loka, etc.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 33.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

traya (त्रय).—n S An aggregate of three, a triad or trio.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

traya (त्रय).—n trayī f An aggregate of three, a trio; used esp. of the three Vedas collectively.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Traya (त्रय).—a. (- f.) Triple, threefold, treble, divided into three parts, of three kinds; त्रयी वै विद्या ऋचो यजूंपि सामानि (trayī vai vidyā ṛco yajūṃpi sāmāni) Śat. Br.; Ms.1.23.

-yam A triad, a group or collection of three; अदेयमासीत्त्रयमेव भूपतेः शशिप्रभं छत्रमुभे च चामरे (adeyamāsīttrayameva bhūpateḥ śaśiprabhaṃ chatramubhe ca cāmare) R.3.16; लोकत्रयम् (lokatrayam) Bg.11.2,43; Ms.2.76.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Traya (त्रय).—nf. (-yaṃ-yī) 1. The third. 2. (In composition) Tree, as guṇatrayaṃ the three properties. E. tri, ayac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Traya (त्रय).—i. e. tri + a, I, adj., f. , Threefold, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 23. Ii. f. , 1. The three Vedas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 125. 2. Triad, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 143 (śata-, Three hundreds). Iii. n. Triad, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 197, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Traya (त्रय).—[feminine] ī triple, threefold; [neuter] a triad; [feminine] trayī the same ([especially] the three Vedas); trayī vidyā the threefold knowledge ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Traya (त्रय):—mf(ī)n. ([from] tri, [Pāṇini 5-2, 43]) triple, threefold, consisting of 3, of 3 kinds, [Ṛg-veda x, 45, 2; Atharva-veda iv, 11, 2; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. (yī vidyā), ‘the triple sacred science’, reciting hymns, performing sacrifices, and chanting ([Ṛg-veda], Yv., and Sv.), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) n. a triad (chiefly ifc.), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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