Trayodasha, Trayōdaśa, Trayodaśa, Trayas-dasha: 7 definitions

Introduction

Trayodasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Trayōdaśa and Trayodaśa can be transliterated into English as Trayodasa or Trayodasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Trayodasha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश) or Trayodaśī refers to the “thirteenth day”, according to the Śivapurāṇa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (T) next»] — Trayodasha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trayōdaśa (त्रयोदश).—(S) Thirteenth. 2 Thirteen.

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trayōdaśā (त्रयोदशा).—m See the popular tērāvā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (T) next»] — Trayodasha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—a.

1) thirteenth.

2) having thirteen added; त्रयोदशं शतम् (trayodaśaṃ śatam) 'one hundred and thirteen',

Trayodaśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms trayas and daśa (दश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) Thirteenth. f. (-śī) The thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight: see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—i. e. trayodaśan + a, 1. ordinal number, f. śī, Thirteenth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 77, 22. 2. f. śī, The thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 273.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—[feminine] ī the thirteenth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश):—[=trayo-daśa] [from trayo > traya] mfn. (tray) ([Pāṇini 6-2, 35 and 3, 48]) 13 [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xiv, 29] ([instrumental case] śabhis), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti ix]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. the 13th, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] (śata, 100) 13 [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] consisting of 13 parts (stoma), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Lāṭyāyana]

5) Trāyodaśa (त्रायोदश):—mfn. relating to the trayodaśī [gana] saṃdhivelādi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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