Trayodasha, Trayodaśa, Trayōdaśa, Trayodaśan, Trayodashan, Trayas-dasha, Trayas-dashan: 25 definitions

Introduction:

Trayodasha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Trayodaśa and Trayōdaśa and Trayodaśan can be transliterated into English as Trayodasa or Trayodasha or Trayodasan or Trayodashan, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Trayodash.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश) or Trayodaśī refers to the “thirteenth day”, according to the Śivapurāṇa.

2) Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश) refers to “thirteen” (daughters of Dakṣa) and is used to describe Sage Nārada, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O celestial sage, of great intellect, O foremost of my sons, whose sacred rites are laudable, I explain the entire story after thinking on Śiva. Listen. O Nārada, first of all, you hear the birth of Tāraka himself, to secure whose death great effort was made by the gods depending on Śiva. My son Marīci begot Kaśyapa who married thirteen [i.e., trayodaśa] daughters of Dakṣa. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश) refers to the “thirteen”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Accompanied by the Sun, Moon and Fire, adorned with the thirteen (trayodaśa), endowed with the energy of Sound and the Drop, he is the lord of the seed-syllables in the south. He is the very powerful Bhairava, the king of the Tantras of the south. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्) refers to “thirteen (days)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] Then, by means of an absorption for a period of thirteen days (trayodaśa-aha), the best of Yogins attains most wonderously the Siddhi of moving in the ether at will. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Ayurveda glossary

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्) refers to the thirteen aspects (tattvas) of Agadatantra—“the ancient Indian science that alleviates the effects of poison”, as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—After enlisting these aspects of Agadatantra, sage Kaśyapa declares that one who knows all these thirteen tattvas of Viṣavaidya is the learned.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trayōdaśa (त्रयोदश).—(S) Thirteenth. 2 Thirteen.

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trayōdaśā (त्रयोदशा).—m See the popular tērāvā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—a.

1) thirteenth.

2) having thirteen added; त्रयोदशं शतम् (trayodaśaṃ śatam) 'one hundred and thirteen',

Trayodaśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms trayas and daśa (दश).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्).—a. (pl.) thirteen.

Trayodaśan is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms trayas and daśan (दशन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) Thirteenth. f. (-śī) The thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight: see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्).—mfn. plu. (-śa) Thirteen. E. trayas for tri three, and daśan ten.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—i. e. trayodaśan + a, 1. ordinal number, f. śī, Thirteenth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 77, 22. 2. f. śī, The thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 273.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्).—i. e. trayas -daśan, numeral, Thirteen, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 129.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश).—[feminine] ī the thirteenth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्).—[adjective] thirteen.

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Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्).—[adjective] thirteen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश):—[=trayo-daśa] [from trayo > traya] mfn. (tray) ([Pāṇini 6-2, 35 and 3, 48]) 13 [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xiv, 29] ([instrumental case] śabhis), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti ix]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. the 13th, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] (śata, 100) 13 [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] consisting of 13 parts (stoma), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Lāṭyāyana]

5) Trāyodaśa (त्रायोदश):—mfn. relating to the trayodaśī [gana] saṃdhivelādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश):—[trayo-daśa] (śaḥ-śī-śaṃ) a. Thirteenth. f. 13th day of the lunar fortnight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्):—(śa) a. Thirteen.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tera, Terasama.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Trayodaśan (त्रयोदशन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tera, Terasa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trayodasha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Trayodaśa (त्रयोदश) [Also spelled trayodash]:—(a) thirteen; thirteenth; (nm) the number thirteen.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Trayodasha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Trayōdaśa (ತ್ರಯೋದಶ):—

1) [adjective] amounting to thirteen in number.

2) [adjective] next after the twelfth in a series.

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Trayōdaśa (ತ್ರಯೋದಶ):—[noun] the cardinal number thirteen; 13.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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