Taijasa, Taijāsa: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Taijasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: archive.org: Mandukya Upanishad & Karika with Shankara Bhashya

The individual self while dreaming is called Taijasa.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Taijasa (तैजस).—A holy place. This is situated in Kurukṣetra. The importance of this place lies in the fact that it was at this place that all devas together crowned Subrahmaṇya as their Commander-in-chief. (Śloka 16, Chapter 83, Vana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Taijasa (तैजस).—A son of Sumati.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 54.

1b) Brahmā's Arvāktejas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 33.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Taijasa (तैजस) or Taijasāhaṃkāra refers to one of the three forms of ahaṃkāra, originating from mahat, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—[...] The pradhāna covers the mahat just as a seed is covered by the skin. Being so covered there spring from the three fold mahat the threefold ahaṃkāra called vaikārika, taijasa and bhūtādi or tāmasa.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Taijasa (तैजस) or Taijasakṣetra refers to “bright land” and represents one of the five classifications of “land” (kṣetra), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “a land full of trees of vegetation like Khadira (Acacia catechu) and Bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) with their many varieties in triangular stretches, scattered with red stones is known as taijasa-kṣetra or a bright land”.

Substances (dravya) pertaining to Taijasa-kṣetra are known as Taijasadravya—Dravyas are of tikta (bitter), lavaṇa (salty) in taste and uṣṇa (hot) in nature. They increase appetite and remove aversion to food.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Taijasa (तैजस) refers to the “states of dreaming” representing the “U” of the syllable “OṂ”, according to the Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad.—The analysis of the audible sound of the syllable OṂ in the principle Upaniṣads is always triplicate. It consists of three basic measures (mātra), namely A, U and the concluding substantive element Ma. The three parts of OṂ are associated with several triads initially conceived through relatively concrete Vedic symbols as we find, for example, in the Praśnopaniṣad. There these three are the three Vedas through which one attains the human world, the Moon and finally the Sun from whence there is no return to the mortal state. This basic triadic pattern was developed further in the Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad according to which the three measures are the states of waking (viśva), dreaming (taijasa) and deep sleep (prājñā). The fourth state in which the true, absolute nature of the Self is realised is ‘without measure’ (amātra).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Taijasa (तैजस).—What is the maximum duration of the luminous (taijasa) body? The maximum period of existence for a luminous body is sixty six ocean-measured-periods.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Taijasa (तैजस) refers to “luminous body” and represents one of the five types of Śarīra (body), which  represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by luminous (taijasa) body (śarīra) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes attainment of a luminous body (formed by taijasa vargaṇās) by the soul are called luminous body body-making karma. 

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taijasa (तैजस).—a S Luminous, lustrous, bright, brilliant, splendid.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taijasa (तैजस).—a. (- f.) [तेजसो विकारः अण् (tejaso vikāraḥ aṇ)]

1) Bright, splendid, luminous; वैराजा नाम ते लोकास्तैजसाः सन्तु ते शिवाः (vairājā nāma te lokāstaijasāḥ santu te śivāḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2. 12.

2) Made up or consisting of light; तैजसस्य धनुषः प्रवृत्तये (taijasasya dhanuṣaḥ pravṛttaye) R.11.43.

3) Metallic.

4) Passionate.

5) Vigorous, energetic.

6) Powerful, intense.

7) A kind of horse; ते तैजसाः पुण्यवता प्रदेशे भवन्ति पुण्यैरपि ते मिलन्ति (te taijasāḥ puṇyavatā pradeśe bhavanti puṇyairapi te milanti) Yuktikalpataru.

8) Endowed with the राजस (rājasa) quality; वैकारिक- स्तैजसश्च तामसश्चेत्यहं त्रिधा (vaikārika- staijasaśca tāmasaścetyahaṃ tridhā) Bhāgavata 3.5.3.

-saḥ The highly refined or subtle essence (Vedānta Phil.); विश्वश्च तैजसः प्राज्ञस्तुर्य आत्मा समन्वयात् (viśvaśca taijasaḥ prājñasturya ātmā samanvayāt) Bhāgavata 7.15.54; Muṇḍ.4.

-sam 1 Any metal; Bhāgavata 11.21.12.

2) Ghee.

3) Intensity, severity.

4) Vigour, energy, might.

5) The group of senses; तैजसे निद्रयापन्ने पिण्डस्थो नष्टचेतनः । मायां प्राप्नोति मृत्युं वा (taijase nidrayāpanne piṇḍastho naṣṭacetanaḥ | māyāṃ prāpnoti mṛtyuṃ vā) Bhāgavata 11.28.3.

6) The movable (jaṅgama) world; तस्य तत्तेजसस्तस्माज्जज्ञे लोकेषु तैजसम् (tasya tattejasastasmājjajñe lokeṣu taijasam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.85.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taijasa (तैजस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) 1. Of or relating to fire, fiery, splendid. 2. Powerful, vigorous, intense. n.

(-saṃ) 1. Ghee or oiled butter. 2. Any metal. 3. Intensity. 4. Vigour, energy. E. tejas brilliance, affix aṇ . tejaso vikāraḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taijasa (तैजस).—i. e. tejas + a, adj., f. . 1. Produced by fire, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 2, 42. 2. Made of brilliant metals, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 111.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taijasa (तैजस).—[feminine] ī luminous, bright, splendid; metallic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taijasa (तैजस):—[from taikṣṇāyana] mf(ī)n. originating from or consisting of light (tejas), bright, brilliant, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Māṇḍūkya-upaniṣad, 12 mantra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] consisting of any shining substance (as metal), metallic, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] said of the gastric juice as coloured by digested food, [Suśruta i, 14]

4) [v.s. ...] passionate, [Sāṃkhyakārikā; Tattvasamāsa; Vedāntasāra; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] n. metal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] vigour, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata iii, 7035; ix, 2723]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taijasa (तैजस):—(saṃ) 1. n. Ghee; vigour; any metal. a. Fiery; strong.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Taijasa (तैजस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Teaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Taijasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Taijasa (ತೈಜಸ):—[adjective] shining; bright.

--- OR ---

Taijasa (ತೈಜಸ):—

1) [noun] lustre; brightness.

2) [noun] the eye; that corresponds to Fire, one of the five basic universal elements.

3) [noun] any of a class of chemical elements, as iron, gold or aluminium, gen. characterised by ductility, malleability, lustre, and conductivity of heat and electricity; a metal.

4) [noun] (phil.) the self, variously conceived as a spiritual substance which subjectively experiences the outer objects.

5) [noun] (phil.) the self that has self-awareness.

6) [noun] (phil.) one of the states of the soul in which it experiences the dream-world.

7) [noun] (Jain.) a subtle body, one of the five such bodies, that gives brightness to the gross body.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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