Teja: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Teja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Teja (तेज, “fire”):—One of the five gross elements assigned as a zone (or sphere) to the human body (bhūtamaṇḍala), according the Yogatattva-upaniṣad. The element fire is seated between the anus and the heart. Fire is represented by a triangle (trikoṇa), the colour red (rakta) and the syllable ra (र). The deity presiding over this region is Rudra.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Teja (तेज).—A son of Bala and grandson of Nārāyaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 4.

1b) Comes out of the subtle element, sparśa (touch) of Vāyu or wind; its qualities are sound, touch and form.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 24.

1c) One of the twenty Sutapa Gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 15.

1d) Of the burning universe in pralaya; similes used for colour.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 161.

1e) Swallows the waters—all mouthed; its quality is prakāśaka or light which Vāyu eats up; vanishes like the flame in the wind.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 10-12.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Teja (तेज) refers to the gross element named “light” which originates from Rūpatanmātra which originates from Vāyu through its spontaneous self-modification, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—[...] The bhūtādi again covers up the ākāśa, śabda-tanmātra, sparśa-tanmātra and the differentiated vāyu which then produces the rūpa-tanmātra which immediately produces the gross light (teja). The sparśatanmātra and the vāyu cover up the rūpatanmātra. Being thus conditioned, the differentiated gross teja produces the rasatanmātra from which again the gross water is produced.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Tejā (तेजा) refers to one of the thirty-two Bhairavīs (also Dūtis) embodying the syllables of the goddess’s Vidyā, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The thirty-two Bhairavīs [i.e., Tejā] are the consorts of the Bhairavas presiding over the sonic energies of the thirty-two syllables of her Vidyā. [...] Notice that like there are Yoginīs in this group who are also worshipped independently as the Great Goddess. Moreover, several also appear in other groups.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Tejā (तेजा) refers to the “vital power” (of crops, flowers, fruits, etc.), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “The great sealing of the boundary is present until the stake is drawn out. All crops, all flowers and fruits will be well protected. [...] Even if perished they gain vital power (tejā) again. They reach vigour, growth and power again. The [contents of the] bowl should be sprinkled all around in the four directions in the fields and gardens. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

teja : (m.; nt.) (mano-group), heat; radiance; glory; power. (This becomes tejo in cpds.)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Teja, & Tejo (Vedic tejas (nt.) from tij to be sharp or to pierce=a (piercing) flame. See tejate; semantically (sharp›light) cp. Ger. strahl (ray of light)=Ags. strael (arrow).—The nt. tejo is the usual form; Instr. tejasā (Dh. 387; Sn. 1097) & tejena (J. III, 53), cp. tapa & tapo) “sharpness, ” heat, flame, fire, light; radiance, effulgence, splendour, glory, energy, strength, power D. II, 259 (personified as deva, among the 4 Elements paṭhavī, āpo, t. , vāyo; cp. tejo-dhātu); S. IV, 215; M. I, 327; Sn. 1097 (glory of the sun compd with that of the Buddha); Dh. 387 (sabbaṃ ahorattiṃ Buddho tapati tejasā); J. III, 53 (sīla°); I, 93 (puñña° the power of merit); Vbh. 426 (id.); Ps. I, 103; Vism. 350 (def.); VvA. 116.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tēja (तेज).—n (tējas S) Light, lustre, splendor, brilliancy. 2 Heat; esp. fervid or fierce heat (of the sun or fire). 3 Majesty, dignity, glory, grandeur, authoritativeness, awfulness. 4 Virtue, efficacy, excellence, goodness, power (as of medicines, spirits &c.): fire, energy, vigor, nerve, force, pith, beauty (of a speech, an action, a look). 5 Semen virile. 6 Sharpness (as of weapons or tools). 7 Pungency: also acritude.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tēja (तेज).—n Light, lustre, splendour, brilliancy. Heat, esp. fervid or fierce heat (of the sun or fire). Majesty, dignity, glory, authoritativeness, awfulness. Virtue, efficacy, excellence, power (of medicines, spirits &c.): fire energy, vigour, force, sharpness (as of weapon or tools).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Teja (तेज).—

1) Pungency.

2) Sharpness (of a weapon).

3) Brilliancy.

4) Spirit.

Derivable forms: tejaḥ (तेजः).

--- OR ---

Teja (तेज).—See under तिज् (tij).

Derivable forms: tejaḥ (तेजः).

See also (synonyms): tejana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Teja (तेज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. Sharpness, pungency. 2. Sharpness of a weapon. 3. Brilliancy. 4. Spirit. E. tij to sharpen, affix ghañḥ see tejas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Teja (तेज).—[masculine] sharpness; [Name] of a man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Teja (तेज):—m. (√tij) sharpness, [Vopadeva viii, 132]

2) m. Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī viii, 1226]

3) Tejā (तेजा):—[from teja] f. the 13th night of the Karma-māsa, [Sūryaprajñapti]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Teja (तेज):—tejati 1. a. To guard, to cherish.

2) (jaḥ) a. Sharpness; brightness; pungency; spirit.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Teja (तेज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tea, Teā, Teja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Teja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Teja (तेज) [Also spelled tej]:—(nm) glow; splendour, brilliance, refulgence; awe; ~[svitā] see [tejasvitā]; ~[svī] see [tejasvī].

2) Teja (तेज) [Also spelled tej]:—(a) sharp; sharp-pointed; dear, costly; acute; keen; penetrating (as —[najara]); acrid, pungent; corrosive, caustic; violent, fiery; swift, quick (as —[raphtāra]), fleet; smart; intelligent, nimble-witted; -[tarrāra] fiery and fierce, caustic-tongued; sharp and smart; ~[dimāga] sharp, intelligent; ~[mijāja] short-tempered; petulant; ~[raphtāra] swift fast-moving.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Teja (तेज) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Teja.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tēja (ತೇಜ):—

1) [noun] = ತೇಜಸ್ಸು [tejassu].

2) [noun] 5) a ray of light.

3) [noun] the Sun-God.

4) [noun] the quality or fact of being sharp, keen; sharpness; keenness.

5) [noun] the whole physical structure of a human being or any animal; the body.

6) [noun] a building in which people usu. live; a residence for human beings.

7) [noun] all things that have a monetary or exchange value; wealth.

8) [noun] (in comp.) a person having radiant personality.

9) [noun] (pros.) a particular kind of meter having three units, of which the first and the third are long and the middle one being short(-u-).

--- OR ---

Tēja (ತೇಜ):—[noun] = ತೇಜಿ [teji]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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