Tanaya: 20 definitions


Tanaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tanay.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Tanaya (तनय):—One of the four sons of Kuśa (son of Ajaka). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.4)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tanaya (तनय).—A place of habitation of ancient Bhārata. Śloka 64, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tanayā (तनया) refers to “daughters” (i.e., the three daughters of Svadhā), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.2.—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra said to the three daughters of Svadhā (i.e., Menā, Dhanyā, Kalāvatī) after cursing them:—“[...] O ye three daughters of forefathers (i.e., tanayāpitṝṇāṃ tanayāstisraḥ), listen with pleasure to my words that will dispel your sorrow and bestow happiness (i.e., sukhada) on you. Without adversity how can one attain greatness? To persons of good rites, if misery vanishes happiness is likely to be difficult of access. Ye the daughters of forefathers shall shine in heaven. By the vision of Viṣṇu your evil actions have been quelled”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tanaya (तनय) refers to the “offspring”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The Ketus or comets whose tails are bent and which are of sharp rays and black are the sons of Yama ; they are 25 in number; they appear in the south; when they appear there will be deaths in the land. The Ketus or comets that appear like a mirror, are round in shape without tails but with rays and looking like oil or water are the sons of the Earth [i.e., dharā-tanaya]; they are 23 in number, and appear in the north-east; when they appear mankind will be afflicted with fear and hunger”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tanaya : (m.) a son; offspring. || tanuyā (f.) a daughter.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tanaya, & tanuya (at S. I, 7, v. l. tanaya, cp. BSk. tanuja AvŚ II. 200) offspring, son Mhvs VII. 28. pl. tanuyā (=Sk. tanayau) son & daughter S. I, 7. (Page 296)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tanaya (तनय).—m S A son. tanayā f S A daughter.

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tanāya (तनाय).—f ( A) A tent-rope; a washerman's line; any stretched line to hang clothes &c., or as a stay (as to a flag-staff, idolpole, or other erected pole, to an awning, a maṇḍapa &c.) 2 fig. A patron or supporter, an upholding cord. tanayā pl tuṭaṇēṃ Used of the laborious straining of singers, rehearsers of the Vedas &c., and, ironically, of the screaming of bad singers. 2 also tanāī or ya sing with g. of s. To lose one's patron or supporter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tanaya (तनय).—m A son. tanayā f A daughter.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tanaya (तनय).—[tanoti kulaṃ, tan-kayan]

1) A son; Manusmṛti 3.16; सुदक्षिणायां तनयं ययाचे (sudakṣiṇāyāṃ tanayaṃ yayāce) R.2.64.

2) A male descendant.

3) (In astrol.) Name of the fifth lunar mansion.

-yā A daughter; Manusmṛti 11.171. °भवनम् (bhavanam) The 5th lunar mansion; Bṛ S.14.27. गिरि°, कलिन्द° (giri°, kalinda°) &c.

-yau (dual) A son and a daughter.

-yam Posterity, family, offspring.

-tanayīkṛta a. made a son; मातामहस्य यो मात्रा दौहित्रस्तनयी- कृतः (mātāmahasya yo mātrā dauhitrastanayī- kṛtaḥ) Rāj. T.4.8.

Derivable forms: tanayaḥ (तनयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanaya (तनय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A son. 2. A male descendant. f.

(-yā) 1. A daughter. 2. A plant: see cakrakulyā. E. tan to spread, (to extend the family or name,) kayan Unadi aff. tanoti kulam .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanaya (तनय).— (vb. 1. tan, anomal. [Causal.] + a), I. adj. Continuing a family, Chr. 291, 14 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 14. Ii. m. 1. A son. 2. du. A son and a daughter. Iii. f. , A daughter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanaya (तनय).—[adjective] propagating a race or belonging to a family. [masculine] son ([dual] also son and daughter); [feminine] tanayā daughter; [neuter] posterity, offspring, child, descendant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tanaya (तनय):—[from tan] mfn. propagating a family, belonging to one’s own family (often said of toka), [Ṛg-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa ii, 7]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a son, [Manu-smṛti iii, 16; viii, 275; Mahābhārata] ([dual number] ‘son and daughter’, [iii, 2565]), [Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa ii, 64]

3) [v.s. ...] = -bhavana, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Vāsiṣṭha, [Harivaṃśa 477] ([varia lectio] anagha)

5) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata vi, 371]

6) [v.s. ...] n. posterity, family, race, offspring, child (‘grandchild’, opposed to toka, ‘child’ [Nirukta, by Yāska x, 7; xii, 6]), [Ṛg-veda; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (ifc. f(ā). , [ciii, 1 f.])

7) Tanayā (तनया):—[from tanaya > tan] f. ([gana] priyādi) a daughter, [Manu-smṛti xi, 172] ([varia lectio]), [Nalopākhyāna; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] the plant cakra-tulyā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanaya (तनय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. A son. f. () A daughter; a plant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tanaya (तनय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Taṇaya, Taṇayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tanaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tanaya (तनय) [Also spelled tanay]:—(nm) a son; hence ~[] (nf) a daughter.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Taṇaya (तणय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Tanaya.

2) Taṇayā (तणया) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Tanayā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṭāṇaya (ಟಾಣಯ):—

1) [noun] = ಟಾಣ - [tana -] 1.

2) [noun] a contingent of policemen, armed force, etc. guarding a place.

3) [noun] a place where tents, huts, barracks or other more or less temporary structures have been put up for soldiers.

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Tanaya (ತನಯ):—[noun] a boy or man as related to either or both patents; a son.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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