Dayin, Dayi, Dāyī, Dāyin: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Dayin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dāyin (दायिन्) (Cf. Dāyinī) refers to “one who bestows”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, (this form) bestows all fruits and gives (both) worldly enjoyment and liberation and accomplishes all (one’s) goals. She destroys all suffering and drags (away all) disturbance. She bestows tranquillity, fulfillment and accomplishment. She bestows flight and the rest as well as the most divine gathering in the circle (of initiates) [i.e., khecarādi-mahādivya-cakramelaka-dāyinī]. O beloved, she bestows the cosmic form and whatever desire (kāma) and wealth (one may) wish for. You will thus be the object of adoration (pujyā) by means of the Vidyā of thirty-two syllables”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dāyin (दायिन्) refers to “that which gives” (rain), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Venus should enter the constellation of Āśleṣā there will be much suffering from serpents; it Venus should pass through the constellation of Magha, elephant keepers or ministers will suffer and there will be abundance of rain. If Venus should pass through the constellation of Pūrvaphalgunī, hill men and the people of Pulinda will perish and there will be abundance of rain; if she should pass through the constellation of Uttaraphalgunī, the people of Kuru, of Jāṅgala and of Pāñcāla will perish, and there will also be rain [i.e., salila-dāyin]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dāyī (दायी) refers to “one who bestows”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Viṣṇu: “[...] The vow of the king of Assam (Kāmarūpa) was made fruitful. I saved king Sudakṣiṇā who had become a hireling and a prisoner. I am the three-eyed God who bestows happiness but brought about the misery of Gautama. I especially curse [i.e., śāpa-dāyī] those wicked persons who harass my devotees. I have the feelings of endearment towards devotees. I drank up poison for the welfare of the gods. O gods, the miseries of the gods have always been removed by me. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Dāyin (दायिन्) (Cf. Dāyinī) refers to “that which bestows (bliss)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Salutations to you, the guru, who are the embodiment of the bliss of the natural [no-mind] state and whose nectar [in the form] of words, kills the delusion which is the poison of rebirth. [This] imperishable and untainted knowledge stimulates the [Yogin’s] nectar. [This] extraordinary no-mind [knowledge] is superior [to all other knowledge because it] bestows bliss (ānanda-dāyinī). [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Dāyin (दायिन्) refers to a “giver”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ Meru, made of four jewels, adorned with eight islands, Bestrewn with seven jewels, giving to the principal giver (anuttara-dāyin), To the gurus Buddha, Dharma, and likewise the Sangha, I give back by becoming, the complete Ratna Mandala!”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Dayi in Mali is the name of a plant defined with Vetiveria nigritana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Andropogon nigritanus Benth. (among others).

2) Dayi in Nigeria is also identified with Centaurea perrottetii It has the synonym Centaurea sparmannii DC..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Niger Flora (1849)
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1917)
· Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (1919)
· Kew Bulletin (1968)
· Bulletin de l’Institut Française d’Afrique Noire (1960)
· Compositae Newslett. (1992)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Dayi, for example pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dāyi : (aor. of dāyati) mowed; reaped.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Dāyī (दायी).—a S See under dāyaka.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dāyin (दायिन्).—a. At the end of comp.)

1) Giving, granting.

2) Causing, producing; as in क्लेशदायिन् (kleśadāyin) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāyin (दायिन्).—[-dāyin], i. e. 1. dā + in, adj., f. , 1. Giving, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 104. 2. Causing, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 15379.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāyin (दायिन्).—[adjective] giving, granting, conceding, permitting; causing, producing (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dāyin (दायिन्):—[from ] mfn. (ifc.) giving, granting, communicating

2) [v.s. ...] yielding, ceding, allowing, permitting

3) [v.s. ...] causing effecting, producing, performing, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Bhartṛhari] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] having to pay, owing ([accusative]), [Pāṇini 2-3, 70; iii, 3, 170; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dāyin (दायिन्):—[(yī-yinī-yi) a.] Responsible.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dāyin (दायिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dāi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dayin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dāyī (दायी):——a suffix meaning a giver or giving (as [uttaradāyī, phaladāyī]).

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dāyi (ದಾಯಿ):—

1) [noun] a woman who raises another’s child; a foster mother.

2) [noun] a woman hired to suckle another’s child; a wet nurse.

3) [noun] a maid-servant.

4) [noun] a woman trained to take care of sick, injured persons. and assist physicians in a hospital; a nurse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Dāyī (दायी):—adj. 1. giving; granting; bestowing; 2. responsible; liable; accountable;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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