Kamarupa, aka: Kāmarūpa, Kāmarūpā, Kama-rupa; 19 Definition(s)
Kamarupa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप):—The name of one of the pīthas of the Mātṛcakra, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. The presiding goddess is Mahocchuṣma (one of the four female attendant deities of Mitra, the central deity).Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—According to the Yoginī Tantra, the kingdom of Kāmarūpa included the whole of the Brahmaputra valley together with Rangpur and Cochbihar.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (shaivism)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Kāmarūpā (कामरूपा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Kāmarūpā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—The Purāṇas mention Prāgjyotiṣa, identified with Kāmākhyā or Gauhati, as the capital of Kāmarūpa.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (purana)
1) Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—(c)—the eastern country; sacred to Lalitā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 93; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 15.
2) Kāmarūpā (कामरूपा).—A mindborn mother.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is the name of a kingdom that was conquered by Udayana (king of Vatsa) during his campaign to obtain sovereignty over the whole earth, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 19. Accordingly, “It is not strange that then the King of Kāmarūpa, bending before him with head deprived of the umbrella, was without shade and also without brightness. Then that sovereign returned, followed by elephants presented by the King of Kāmarūpa, resembling moving rocks made over to him by the mountains by way of tribute”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kāmarūpa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the district of Assam. In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā, Rājaśekhara mentions Kāmarūpa as one of the mountains situated in the eastern part of India but not as a Janapada. In the Raghuvaṃśa of Kālidāsa (IV. 83-84) described Prāgjyotiṣapura was the capital of Kāmrūpa. It may be possible that, Kāmarūpa parvata represents the Nīla hill or Nīlakutaparvata where the temple of the celebrated Kāmākhya Devi is situated.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is the name of an ancient region (corresponding to modern Assam), being born from there represents an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] Nor originating in Kāmarūpa or Kaliṅga, or Kāñcī, Kāśmīra or Kośala, nor one having bad behavior, bad company or come from Mahārāṣṭra. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., kāmarūpa), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., kāmarūpa) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Kāmarūpa] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Airāvatī, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Airāvatī is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the northern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Locanā. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.
Kāmarūpa is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Kāmarūpa is to be contemplated as situated in the armpits. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitionersSource: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is one of the two Kṣetras (‘sacred spot’) present within the Vākcakra (‘circle of word’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Bhūcarī (‘a woman going on the ground’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. Vākcakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts (viz., Kāmarūpa) resided over by twenty-four ‘sacred girls’ (ḍākinīs) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.
Kāmarūpa has the presiding Ḍākinī named Airāvatī whose husband, or hero (vīra) is named Aṅkulika. The associated internal location are the ‘arm-pits’ and the bodily ingredients (dhātu) are the ‘eyes’. According to the Vajraḍākavivṛti, the districts Lampāka, Saurāṣṭra, Oḍra and Kāmarūpa are associated with the family deity of Mohanī; while in the Abhidhānottarottaratantra there is the Ḍāka deity named Ratnaḍāka standing in the center of the districts named Kāmarūpa, Triśakuni, Oḍra and Kosala.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—The Buddhist Chronicle Ārya-mañjuśrī-mūlakalpa describes Kāmarūpa as a country of the east.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (buddhism)
India history and geogprahy
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप) is a place-name without suffix and is mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 1. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Kāmarūpa has been mentioned as one of the frontier states which were subordinate to Samudragupta and whose emperors paid him taxes and all kinds of obeisance. Majumdar identifies it with Upper Assam.
Kāmarūpa consisted of the Western districts of the Brahmaputra valley which being the most powerful state and being the first to be approached from the western side came to denote the whole valley. The area of Kāmarūpa was estimated by the Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang to have been 10,000 li i.e. 1667 miles in circuit which shows that it must have comprised the whole valley of Brahmaputra.
Śaktisaṅgama describes Kāmarūpa as extending from Kāleśvara to the Śvetagiri and from Tripura to the Nīla-parvata (which is the Nilādri or Nīlakūṭa, the name of the Kāmākhyā hill). The Kamauli grant of Vaidyadeva mentions Kāmarūpa as a Maṇḍala of the Prāgjyotiṣa-bhukti. Chatterji remarks that the tribes living on the frontiers of Kāmarūpa were akin to the Man tribes of South-Western China, a wild Tibeto-Chinese people.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—Kāmarūpa seems to have comprised the western half of Assam and parts of the northern districts of Bengal so as to make it contiguous with Puṇḍravardhana, Samataṭa and Tāmraliptī provinces.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—n (S) An appearance or a form assumed at will.
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kāmarūpa (कामरूप) [or कामरूपी, kāmarūpī].—a (S) Possessing the power of assuming any shape at will. 2 Pleasing, beautiful, lovely.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kāmarūpa (कामरूप) [-pī, -पी].—a Pleasing, beautiful. Posses- sing the power of assuming any shape at will.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) taking any form at will; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः (jānāmi tvāṃ prakṛtipuruṣaṃ kāmarūpaṃ maghonaḥ) Me.6.
2) beautiful, pleasing.
-pāḥ (pl.) a district lying in the east of Bengal (the western portion of Assam); तमीशः कामरूपाणाम् (tamīśaḥ kāmarūpāṇām) R.4.83,84.
Kāmarūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and rūpa (रूप).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-paḥ-pī-paṃ) 1. Pleasing, beautiful. 2. Taking any or every shape at will. m.
(-paḥ) A district lying east of Bengal, the western portion of Asam. E. kāma desire, and rūpa form or figure.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kāmarūpa refers to: a form assumed at will VvA. 80, or a form which enjoys the pleasures of heaven Vbh. 426;
Note: kāmarūpa is a Pali compound consisting of the words kāma and rūpa.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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Search found 30 books and stories containing Kamarupa, Kāmarūpa, Kāmarūpā, Kama-rupa, Kāma-rūpa; (plurals include: Kamarupas, Kāmarūpas, Kāmarūpās, rupas, rūpas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.283 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 1.2.273 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 1.2.285 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 5 - Country of Kia-mo-lu-po (Kamarupa) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
Chapter 4 - Country of Pun-na-fa-t’an-na (Pundravardhana) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
Chapter 9 - Country of U-ch’a (Udra) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
The Vipassana Dipani (by Mahathera Ledi Sayadaw)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.93-94 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 1.1.73 < [Chapter 1 - Bhauma: On the Earth]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 20 - The greatness of the Jyotirliṅga Bhīmeśvara < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 21 - The origin of the Jyotirliṅga Bhīmeśvara < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 24 - Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)