Shrimati, Śrīmati, Śrīmatī: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shrimati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śrīmati and Śrīmatī can be transliterated into English as Srimati or Shrimati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shrimati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śrīmatī (श्रीमती) is the daughter of king Śīlanidhi, according to the Śivapurāṇa chapter 2.1.3:—“[king Śīlanidhi] called his daughter Śrīmatī and asked her to kneel down at the feet of Nārada. [...] She has attained the marriageable age. She is in search of a qualified bridegroom. She has all charms and accomplishments and her Svayaṃvara is imminent”.

Addressing the king [Śīlanidhi], he [Nārada] said thus:—“O great king, this daughter [Śrīmatī] of yours is endowed with all characteristics: She is highly fortunate and blessed like Lakṣmī. She is an abode of all qualities. Her future husband will certainly be a splendid God, lord of all, unvanquished, heroic, on a par with Śiva, and Vying with Kāmadeva”. Having said this, the casual visitor Nārada took leave of the king. Deluded by Śiva’s Māyā he was extremely oppressed by love.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śrīmatī (श्रीमती).—A Gandharva maid. In Kamba Rāmāyaṇa, Yuddhakāṇḍa there is a story associating this Gandharva maid with the churning of the ocean of milk:—

A Gandharva maid named Śrīmatī who had acquired incomparable proficiency in music used to sing hymns in praise of Lakṣmīdevī. Devī appeared before her and presented a garland of Kalpaka flowers to Śrīmatī. As she was returning with the garland, she met sage Durvāsas on the way. She offered the garland to him. Durvāsas who reached Devaloka with the garland gave it to Indra. Indra used it for adorning the tusk of Airāvata. Airāvata who was annoyed at it threw it away in a fury. Durvāsas took it as a personal insult to him and in his rage cursed all the gods to be subjected to the infirmities of old age. It is to save them from the effects of old age that the ocean of milk was churned to obtain Amṛta. (For more details see under Amṛta).

2) Śrīmatī (श्रीमती).—A woman follower of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 3).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śrīmatī (श्रीमती) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.3). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śrīmatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Śrīmati (श्रीमति) is the wife of Abhicandra, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Digambara sources, while Śvetāmbara names his wife as Pratirūpā. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers and their wifes (e.g., Śrīmati) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Śrīmatī (श्रीमती) previously incarnated as Svayamprabhā, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] in a short time Svayamprabhā, afflicted by grief, devoted to works of dharma, also fell like Lalitāṅga. In this same province in the city Puṇḍarīkiṇī, she became the daughter of the Cakrin Vajrasena and his wife Guṇavatī. She was endowed with beauty surpassing all the world, and was named Śrīmatī by her parents. Cared for by nurses like a creeper by women-gardeners, she grew up gradually, her body delicate and her hands like shining blossoms. As a jewel adorns a gold ring, youth adorned her making the sky blossom, as it were, with her glossy beauty”.

2) Śrīmatī (श्रीमती) is the wife of king Śrīdhara from Vijayapura, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Vindhyaśakti wandered in existence for a long time, adopted Jain garb in one birth, died, and became a kalpa-god. When he fell, he was born the son, Śrīmant Tāraka, of King Śrīdhara by his wife Śrīmatī in Vijayapura. [...]”.

3) Śrīmatī (श्रीमती) is the wife of king Bala of Kauśāmbī, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, “[...] At that time the King of Kauśāmbī, Bala by name, very powerful, sent his daughter, Śrīkāntā, daughter of Queen Śrīmatī, a beautiful young woman, in great style at her choosing of Induṣeṇa, son of Śrīṣeṇa. Induṣeṇa and Binduṣeṇa noticed an extremely beautiful courtesan, Anantamatikā, who had come in attendance on her. Saying, “She is mine,” “She is mine,” angered, they both went to the garden Devaramaṇa. There the two, armed, powerful, fought like untamed bulls, because of the desire to enjoy the peerless beauty”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śrīmati (श्रीमति).—f., name of a girl, associate (sister ?) of Śrīsaṃ- bhava (2): Gaṇḍavyūha 455.4 etc.; usually n. sg. °tiḥ etc., but °tī in list at the end 549.22, and acc. °tīṃ 466.11—12.

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Śrīmatī (श्रीमती).—(1) see prec.; (2) name of a daughter of Ghoṣila, married to Udayana: Divyāvadāna 541.19 ff.; (3) name of a member of (Bimbisāra's and) Ajātaśatru's harem: Avadāna-śataka i.308.10 ff. See also Śirīmatī, Śriyāmatī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śrīmati (श्रीमति):—[=śrī-mati] [from śrī] f. (for matī ?) Name of Rādhā, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) Śrīmatī (श्रीमती):—[=śrī-matī] [from śrī-mat > śrī] f. Name of one of the Mātṛs attendant on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of various women ([especially] of the mother of Mādhavācārya), [Buddhist literature; Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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