Manjari, Mañjarī, Mañjari, Manjarī: 16 definitions

Introduction

Manjari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to the “florescence” of a tree, as mentioned in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Mañjarī] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Mañjarī ().—The small, purplish flowers of the tulasī plant. Mañjarīs, along with tulasī leaves, are offered only to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They must be fresh.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to:—A maidservant of Śrīmatī Rādhikā in the category of nityasakhī or prāṇa-sakhī. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Manjarī (मन्जरी).—A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 59.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the neck (kaṇṭha) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., mañjarī) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the mañjarī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Manjari in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mañjarī : (f.) a bunch of cluster.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mañjari, (f.) (cp. Epic & Class. Sk. mañjarī) a branching flower-stalk, a sprout J. V, 400, 416. (Page 515)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mañjarī (मंजरी).—f (S) See the popular form mañjirī.

--- OR ---

māñjarī (मांजरी).—f (māñjara A cat. Because butter is rubbed over it, and a cat is brought to lick it.) A painful suppurating tumor arising in the armpit. 2 A common term for the two loops or eyelets appended to the fixed post of a churning apparatus, and through which the churnstaff descends; cat's eye. 3 A particular plant, of which cats are fond. 4 C An apparatus for scraping or slicing fruits and vegetables,--a blade of iron set in a sort of frame and erected upon four legs. 5 C A she-cat. 6 Matting, a mat (not of bamboo).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māñjarī (मांजरी).—f A painful suppurating tumour arising in the armpit. A she-cat.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि) or Mañjarī (मञ्जरी).—f.

1) A shoot, sprout, spring; निवपेः सहकारमञ्जरीः (nivapeḥ sahakāramañjarīḥ) Ku.4.38; सदृशकान्तिरलक्ष्यत मञ्जरी (sadṛśakāntiralakṣyata mañjarī) R.9.44;16.51; so स्फुरतु कुचकुम्भयोरुपरि मणिमञ्जरी (sphuratu kucakumbhayorupari maṇimañjarī) Gīt.1; मुखं मुक्तारुचो धत्ते धर्माम्भःकणमञ्जरीः (mukhaṃ muktāruco dhatte dharmāmbhaḥkaṇamañjarīḥ) Kāv.2.71.

2) A cluster of blossoms.

3) A flower-stalk.

4) A (parallel) line or row.

5) A pearl; cf. मञ्जरीपिञ्जरित (mañjarīpiñjarita) 'bedecked with pearls'.

6) A creeper.

7) The holy basil.

8) The plant Tilaka.

Derivable forms: mañjariḥ (मञ्जरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि).—f. (-riḥ-rī) 1. A compound pedicle, a fruit or flower-stalk. 2. A A large pearl. 3. A plant, commonly Tilaka. 4. A line. 5. A creeper. 6. The holy-basil. mf. (-riḥ-rī) A shoot, a sprout. E. mañju beautiful, to go, or be, aff. i, deriv. irr., ṅīp optionally added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि).—mañjarī, f. 1. = mañjara, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 15, 7 (pearl). 2. A shoot, sprout, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 26, 76 (mañjarī-cāmara, A fan-like sprout).

Mañjari can also be spelled as Mañjarī (मञ्जरी).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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