Manjari, Mañjarī, Mañjari, Manjarī, Mamjari: 27 definitions


Manjari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to the “florescence” of a tree, as mentioned in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Mañjarī] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Mañjarī ().—The small, purplish flowers of the tulasī plant. Mañjarīs, along with tulasī leaves, are offered only to the Supreme Personality of Godhead. They must be fresh.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to:—A maidservant of Śrīmatī Rādhikā in the category of nityasakhī or prāṇa-sakhī. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Manjarī (मन्जरी).—A Varṇa śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 59.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the neck (kaṇṭha) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., mañjarī) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the mañjarī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Mañjarī has 21 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 3, 3, 4, 4, 4 and 3 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) refers to a “bouquet”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Locanī, having a golden color, arrow and shining appearance, Māmakī, having a dark-blue color, water, grain and a bouquet (ghaṭa-dhānya-mañjarīṃ dhārī), Pāṇḍarā, having a red color, and drawing a bow and arrow, Holy goddess Ārya Tārā, having a green color and blue lotus”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Manjari in India is the name of a plant defined with Lannea coromandelica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Odina wodier Roxb. (among others).

2) Manjari is also identified with Ocimum tenuiflorum It has the synonym Plectranthus monachorum (L.) Spreng. (etc.).

3) Manjari in Nepal is also identified with Osyris quadripartita It has the synonym Osyris wightiana var. rotundifolia (P.C. Tam) P.C. Tam (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis (1853)
· Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden (1969)
· Species Plantarum, ed. 2 (1763)
· Der Gesellsschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, neue Schriften (1803)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Numer. List (2717)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Manjari, for example extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manjari in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mañjarī : (f.) a bunch of cluster.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mañjari, (f.) (cp. Epic & Class. Sk. mañjarī) a branching flower-stalk, a sprout J. V, 400, 416. (Page 515)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mañjarī (मंजरी).—f (S) See the popular form mañjirī.

--- OR ---

māñjarī (मांजरी).—f (māñjara A cat. Because butter is rubbed over it, and a cat is brought to lick it.) A painful suppurating tumor arising in the armpit. 2 A common term for the two loops or eyelets appended to the fixed post of a churning apparatus, and through which the churnstaff descends; cat's eye. 3 A particular plant, of which cats are fond. 4 C An apparatus for scraping or slicing fruits and vegetables,--a blade of iron set in a sort of frame and erected upon four legs. 5 C A she-cat. 6 Matting, a mat (not of bamboo).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māñjarī (मांजरी).—f A painful suppurating tumour arising in the armpit. A she-cat.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि) or Mañjarī (मञ्जरी).—f.

1) A shoot, sprout, spring; निवपेः सहकारमञ्जरीः (nivapeḥ sahakāramañjarīḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.38; सदृशकान्तिरलक्ष्यत मञ्जरी (sadṛśakāntiralakṣyata mañjarī) R.9.44;16.51; so स्फुरतु कुचकुम्भयोरुपरि मणिमञ्जरी (sphuratu kucakumbhayorupari maṇimañjarī) Gītagovinda 1; मुखं मुक्तारुचो धत्ते धर्माम्भःकणमञ्जरीः (mukhaṃ muktāruco dhatte dharmāmbhaḥkaṇamañjarīḥ) Kāv.2.71.

2) A cluster of blossoms.

3) A flower-stalk.

4) A (parallel) line or row.

5) A pearl; cf. मञ्जरीपिञ्जरित (mañjarīpiñjarita) 'bedecked with pearls'.

6) A creeper.

7) The holy basil.

8) The plant Tilaka.

Derivable forms: mañjariḥ (मञ्जरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि).—f. (-riḥ-rī) 1. A compound pedicle, a fruit or flower-stalk. 2. A A large pearl. 3. A plant, commonly Tilaka. 4. A line. 5. A creeper. 6. The holy-basil. mf. (-riḥ-rī) A shoot, a sprout. E. mañju beautiful, to go, or be, aff. i, deriv. irr., ṅīp optionally added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि).—mañjarī, f. 1. = mañjara, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 15, 7 (pearl). 2. A shoot, sprout, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 26, 76 (mañjarī-cāmara, A fan-like sprout).

Mañjari can also be spelled as Mañjarī (मञ्जरी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि).—[feminine] = [preceding], blossom or bud i.[grammar] often in titles of books (—°).

--- OR ---

Mañjarī (मञ्जरी).—[feminine] = [preceding], blossom or bud i.[grammar] often in titles of books (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Mañjarī (मञ्जरी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in dharma. See Gotrapravaramañjarī, Dānamañjarī, Nirṇayamañjarī, Śrāddhamañjarī.

2) Mañjarī (मञ्जरी):—vedānta. Oppert. Ii, 6788.

3) Mañjarī (मञ्जरी):—Narapatijayacaryāṭīkā by Bhūdhara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mañjarī (मञ्जरी):—[from mañjara > mañj] a f. See below.

2) Mañjari (मञ्जरि):—[from mañj] See mañjarī.

3) Mañjarī (मञ्जरी):—[from mañj] b f. a cluster of blossoms, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (also ri; often at the end of titles of works. cf. pradīpa-m etc.)

4) [v.s. ...] a flower, bud, [Kāvya literature] (also ri)

5) [v.s. ...] a shoot, shout, sprig, [ib.] (also ri)

6) [v.s. ...] foliage (as an ornament on buildings), [Vāstuvidyā]

7) [v.s. ...] a parallel line or row, [Gīta-govinda; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] a pearl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (= tilakā, latā, or holy basil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

10) [v.s. ...] of 2 metres, [Colebrooke]

11) [v.s. ...] of various works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mañjari (मञ्जरि):—[(riḥ-rī)] 2. 3. f. A compound pedicle; a stalk; a large pearl. m. f. A sprout or shoot.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mañjari (मञ्जरि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṃjari.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manjari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manjari in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Manjari in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) a sprout, new shoot/cluster of flowers; an ear of corn..—manjari (मंजरी) is alternatively transliterated as Maṃjarī.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Maṃjari (मंजरि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Mañjari.

2) Maṃjarī (मंजरी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Maḍhjarikā.

2) Maṃjarī has the following synonyms: Maṃjariā.

3) Maṃjarī (मंजरी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Mañjīra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maṃjari (ಮಂಜರಿ):—[noun] a domestic female cat.

--- OR ---

Maṃjari (ಮಂಜರಿ):—

1) [noun] a bunch; a cluster.

2) [noun] the slender, usu. cylindrical portion of a leaf, which supports the blade and is attached to the stem; the leafstalk; the petiole.

3) [noun] a smooth, rounded bead formed around a grain of sand within the shells of certain mollusks, valued as a gem; a pearl.

4) [noun] the tree Clerodendrum phlomidis of Verbenaceae family.

5) [noun] the part of the leg of a horse between the knee and the hoof.

6) [noun] the plant Ocimum sanctum of Lamiaceae family; the basil.

7) [noun] (mus.) in Karnāṭaka system, a mode derived from the main mode Kharaharapriya.

--- OR ---

Māṃjari (ಮಾಂಜರಿ):—[noun] a kind of soil or land that is not very much suitable for growing plants.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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