Shishya, aka: Śiṣya; 7 Definition(s)


Shishya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śiṣya can be transliterated into English as Sisya or Shishya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shishya in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śiṣya (शिष्य) refers to a “disciple”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18. Accordingly, “[...] a disciple (śiṣya) with a pure soul shall of necessity carry out the order of the preceptor (Guru) risking his life and staking his possessions even if the task is not within his power. The word Śiṣya (disciple) means a person who is worthy of being ordered about. Dedicating all he has, even his body, to the preceptor, the disciple shall offer his food first to the preceptor and then take his food with his permission. Verily a disciple in virtue of his being subjected to discipline is a son unto the preceptor”.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Śiṣya.—(SII 1), a pupil. Note: śiṣya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Shishya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śiṣya (शिष्य).—m (S) corruptly śiṣyā m A pupil, a disciple, an elève or follower. 2 A person attached to another to serve him, and to receive instruction from him in some science, accomplishment, or art, an apprentice.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śiṣya (शिष्य).—m A pupil, a disciple; an apprentice.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śiṣya (शिष्य).—[śās-kyap]

1) A pupil, disciple, scholar; दिष्यस्तेऽहं शाधि मां त्वां प्रपन्नम् (diṣyaste'haṃ śādhi māṃ tvāṃ prapannam) Bg.2.7.

2) Anger, passion.

3) Violence, force.

Derivable forms: śiṣyaḥ (शिष्यः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śiṣyā (शिष्या).—(see s.v. śiṣyate) = śikṣā: (1) phonetics: vyākaraṇe nirukte śiṣyāyāṃ (all mss.; Weller 41 line 1 would read śikṣ°) LV 156.19 (prose); (2) śiṣyāpada = śikṣāpada: pañca-°pada-samādattā, devoted to the five commandments, said of Māyā, LV 71.14 (prose; all mss.; not noted by Weller).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śiṣya (शिष्य).—m.

(-ṣyaḥ) 1. A pupil, a scholar. 2. Passion, anger. 3. Violence. E. śās to order, aff. kyap; the vowel changed to i .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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