Sharir: 2 definitions


Sharir means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Atma Dharma: Principles of Jainism


How many kinds of bodies are there?

There are five kinds of bodies:-

  1. Audarika (Physical, Gross Body).
  2. Vaikriyaka (Fluid, Transformable Body).
  3. Aharak (Miraculous Projectable or Translocation Body).
  4. Taijas (Luminous, Electric Body).
  5. Karman (Karmic Matter Body).

How many bodies can a mundane soul have at a time?

A mundane soul has at least two or at the most four bodies at a time.

The details are as follows:-

  1. Electric and karmic bodies in vigrahagati, i. e., when soul is in transit from one body to another,
  2. Physical, electric and karmic bodies found in human and sub-human (animal) beings.
  3. Fluid, electric and karmic bodies found in celestial and hellish (infernal) beings, and
  4. Saints possessing aharaka riddhi may have physical, miraculous projectable, electric and karmic, bodies.
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sharir in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) body, physique; (a) mischievous; —[aura atma] body and soul; -[kriya] physiology; ~[kriyatmaka] physiological; ~[kriya-vijnana] physiology; ~[kriya-vaijnanika] a physiologist; physiological; -[gathana] physique, body-build, physical frame; -[tyaga] death; -[damda] physical punishment; -[patana/pata/nipata] death, demise; -[rakshaka] a bodyguard, escort; -[racana] anatomy, physical structure; •[vijnana/shastra] anatomy; ~[racanavaijnanika] an anatomist; anatomical; ~[vijnana/shastra] physiology; ~[vaijnanika] a physiologist; physiological; -[shastri] a physiologist; ~[shastriya] physiological; -[sambamdha] physical relationship, sexual relationship; -[sambamdhi] corporeal, pertaining to the body/physical frame; -[samskara] sixteen rituals or consecrations of physical purification prescribed by the Vedas; ~[stha] located or concentrated in the body; confined to the physical element; —[galana/ghulana] to be on the wane, to be decrying, to decay; —[chutana] to pass away, to die; —[chodana/-tyagana] to die, to pass away; —[jalana] to be running very high temperature;—[bhara jana] to acquire fullness of bloom; to acquire healthy flesh; —[mem bijali dauda jana] to be thrilled with excitement..—sharir (शरीर) is alternatively transliterated as Śarīra.

2) Sharir in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) Anatomy; (a) anatomical, corporeal; —[tattva] physical/corporeal/anatomical etcment; —[vigha/shastra] (the science of) Anatomy; ~[shastriya] anatomical..—sharir (शारीर) is alternatively transliterated as Śārīra.

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