Shallaki, Sallaki, Sallakī, Śallakī: 9 definitions


Shallaki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śallakī can be transliterated into English as Sallaki or Shallaki, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Śallakī (शल्लकी) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Boswellia serrata by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as śallakī).”

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Śallakī (शल्लकी):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Śallakī (शल्लकी) refers to the medicinal plant Boswellia serrata Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Śallakī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Boswellia serrata Roxb. (Śallakī) is also known as Kunduru according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śallakī (शल्लकी)—Sanskrit word for a plant Boswellia serrata (produces incense).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shallaki in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sallakī, (f.) (cp. Class. Sk. śallakī) the tree Boswellia thurifera (incense tree) J iv. 92; pl. ˚ — iyo J vi. 535; bahu- kuṭaja — sallakika Th. 1, 115 (=indasālarukkha (?)). (Page 699)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śallakī (शल्लकी).—

1) A porcupine.

2) A kind of tree (of which elephants are very fond); अभिलेढु तावदासवसुरभिरसं शल्लकी- भङ्गम् (abhileḍhu tāvadāsavasurabhirasaṃ śallakī- bhaṅgam) V.4.44 (v. l.); U.2.21;3.6; Māl.9.6.

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Sallaki (सल्लकि) or Sallakī (सल्लकी).—A kind of tree, Shorea Robusta; cf. शल्लकी (śallakī).

See also (synonyms): sallakā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sallakī (सल्लकी).—f. (-kī) The gum Olibanum tree, (Boswellia thurifera.) E. sal to go, vun aff., and the la doubled; also śallakī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sallakī (सल्लकी).—v. śallakī sub śallaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śallakī (शल्लकी):—[from śallaka > śal] a f. See below

2) Śallaki (शल्लकि):—[from śal] f. (m.[case]) = next, [Suśruta]

3) Śallakī (शल्लकी):—[from śal] b f. (also written sallakī) a porcupine, [Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcarātra]

4) [v.s. ...] Boswellia Thurifera, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] incense, olibanum, [Suśruta]

6) Sallakī (सल्लकी):—sallakīya = śall q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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