Shalva, aka: Śālva, Salva, Śalva, Sālva; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shalva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śālva and Śalva can be transliterated into English as Salva or Shalva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

Śālva (शाल्व) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.25, II.31.9, IV.1.9, V.53.17, V.158.20, VI.10.37, VI.18.13, VI.20.12, VI.68.8, VI.112.110, VIII.30.60, VIII.30.79) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śālva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

Shalva in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Sālva (साल्व).—General information. The lover of Ambā (q.v) the daughter of the King of Kāśī. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 16 that this Kṣatriya King Sālva was born from a portion of Ajaka the younger brother of Vṛṣaparvā. Other details.

(i) Sālva was the ruler of the city named Saubha. Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 102, Verse 61).

(ii) He was present at the Svayaṃvara marriage of Draupadī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 186 Verse 15).

(iii) He was present at the sacrifice of Royal consecration (Rājasūya) of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 34, Verse 9).

(iv) At the death of Śiśupāla, King Sālva became angry and besieged Dvārakā. In the battle which followed Śrī Kṛṣṇa killed Sālva. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapters 15 to 22).

(v) Sālva had several friends such as Damaghoṣa, Aṅga, Kaliṅga, Mālava, Kekaya, Vaṅga, Magadha, Kosala, Koṅkaṇa, Hehaya, Cola, Pāṇḍya, Kerala and others. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10). (See full article at Story of Sālva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sālva (साल्व).—There is a story in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, stating that three Sālvas and four Madras were born to Bhadrā from the dead body of her husband Vyuṣitāśva. (See under Bhadrā II).

2) Here, 'Sālvas' means the rulers of Sālva. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 14, Stanza 26 that the people of Sālva fled to the south in fear of Jarāsandha. Satyavān, the husband of Sāvitrī, was a native of Sālva. It is also mentioned that the soldiers of Sālva who joined the army of the Kauravas fought against the Pāṇḍavas. There were Sālva on the side of the Pāṇḍavas also. Mention is made in Droṇa Parva, Chapter 154, that the Sālvas on the side of the Pāṇḍavas, attacked Droṇa, the teacher.

3) Sālva (साल्व).—A king of the low castes. The details given below about this king are from Mahābhārata.

This king attacked the vast army of the Pāṇḍavas in the battle-field of Kurukṣetra. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 20, Verse 1).

The elephant of this Sālva was as big as a mountain and belonged to the family of elephants called Mahābhadra. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 20, Verse 2).

Duryodhana had honoured this low caste King Sālva. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 2, Verse 2).

Sātyaki killed this king Sālva; and Dhṛṣṭadyumna killed his elephant in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 20, Verse 4).

4) Sālva (साल्व).—In Uttara Rāmāyaṇa a Sālva, who was a contemporary of Kuśadhvaja, is mentioned. Kuśadhvaja once approached this king Sālva and requested for some financial help. But the covetous Sālva did not give any help. So Kuśadhvaja performed a sacrifice to obtain wealth and prosperity. Sītā was born from that sacrificial fire. (Uttara Rāmāyaṇa).

5) Sālva (साल्व).—A story occurs in Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, describing how Reṇukā, the wife of Jamadagni, was infatuated at the sight of a handsome Sālva, and how this event subsequently led to her death. (See under (Reṇukā).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Śalva (शल्व).—A tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 45.

2a) Śālva (शाल्व).—A Dānava king and friend of Śiśupāla and Jarāsandha; an enemy of Kṛṣṇa; when Haṃsa, his brother, was killed by Kṛṣṇa he wanted to avenge his death and after meeting his friends at Kuṇḍina, took a vow to wipe out the Yādavas; he performed tapas to propitiate Śiva and got an aerial car to go to any place, given to him by Maya; hearing of Śiśupāla's death, he grew angry and attacked Dvārakā. Pradyumna, Sātyaki and others offered resistance. His commander-in-chief was defeated. But his minister Dyumat hit Pradyumna in the chest when his charioteer removed him from the field. After recovering, he attacked Dyumat and vanquished him. For twentyseven days the battle went on, when Kṛṣṇa arrived. He directed his attack towards Śālva, who attacked him when his bow slipped from his hand. After a hot discussion and some more fight, Śālva disappeared and sent to Kṛṣṇa a māyā messenger saying that Vasudeva had been taken prisoner by Śālva. Then Kṛṣṇa saw a scene where a māyā Vasudeva was killed. Kṛṣṇa knew that all this was due to illusory powers and kept cool. He broke his car and cut off his head.1 Attained mokṣa by hatred of Kṛṣṇa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 60. 18; Chh. 76-77 (whole); 78. 13; II. 7. 34; III. 3. 10; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 26. 7.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 5. 48; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 99; IV. 29. 122.

2b) A kingdom of Madhyadeśa;1 to this the Yadus migrated;2 a tribe.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 2. 3; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 109.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 40.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 34.

3a) Sālva (साल्व).—(also Śālva); in Duryodhana's army; was stationed by Jarāsandha at the western gate of Mathurā, during one siege, and at the Eastern gate during the other. Attacked the south when Gomanta was besieged.1 Was defeated and killed by Kṛṣṇa in Vaidarbhī svayamvara; arrived at Kuṇḍina.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 78 [95 (v) 16]; 50. 11 [5], [2]; 52. 11 [8].
  • 2) Ib. X. 52; 17 and 19; 42 [1]; 53. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 100.

3b) Country of the.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 17.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Salva (सल्‍व): Friend of Sisupala, who besieged Dwaraka Sri Krishna's kingdom to avenge Sisupala's death at the latter's hand.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Śālva (शाल्व).—A demon who desired Ambā for his wife. He was defeated by Bhīṣma in his attempt to win Ambā. He attacked Dvārakā with an airship made by the demon Maya. He was killed by Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

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