Vaishakhi, Vaiśākhī: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vaishakhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaiśākhī can be transliterated into English as Vaisakhi or Vaishakhi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakhi in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vaiśākhī (वैशाखी) is another name for Punarnavā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakhi in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vaiśākhī (वैशाखी).—One of the 13 wives of Vasudeva, the son of Kauśika.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 160, 172.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakhi in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaiśākhī (वैशाखी).—f (S) The day of full moon in vaiśākha.

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vaiśākhī (वैशाखी).—a (S) Relating to vaiśākha.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishakhi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaiśākhī (वैशाखी):—[from vaiśākha] f. (with or [scilicet] paurṇamāsī) the day of full moon in the month Vaiśākha, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of red-flowering Punarnavā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a wife of Vasu-deva, [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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