Sarupya, Sārūpya, Sarūpya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Sarupya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sārūpya (सारूप्य, “identity”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Sārūpya (सारूप्य, “identity”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of sārūpya: When from seeing, hearing or feeling something suddenly one is excited by its likeness with another, it is an instance of Identity (sārūpya).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sārūpya (सारूप्य) refers to one of the five types of salvation, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.9. Accordingly, “[...] worshipping me in my supreme phallic form at this place and performing the other sacred rites shall accord the five types of salvation—Sālokya, Sāmīpya, Sārūpya, Sārṣṭi and Sāyujya. May all of you achieve all your cherished desires”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sarūpya (सरूप्य).—A son of Duṣkanta and father of Aṇḍīra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 5.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Sārūpya (सारूप्य) refers to the third of four kinds of devotees (bhakta), according to the Mānasāra LIX, 1-2. According to the Mānasāra LIX, 3-4, “The conjoining of dhyāna alone is ascertained as sārūpya”. Sārūpya is “assuming divine form or likeness”.

In the state of sārūpya, only dhyāna is said to be required. This being a “noumenal” (that is, supraempirical, or better, supra-phenomenal) state, even jñāna and vairāgya, so long as they are tainted by the empirical or phenomenal, are absent. However, this state is not merely apophatic: dhyāna involves the positive act of mental visualization of the noumenal form of the deity. The term kevala, “solely, only”, in the third line suggests that meditation of divine form in this third state of sārūpya cannot accompany or be accompanied by (iconographic) making.

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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra (shaivism)

Sārūpya (सारूप्य) refers to the third state of a devotee (bhakta).—These four states are explained in not only abstract, philosophical, but also concrete, relational, terms in the Śaiva Siddhānta tradition. Thus, in sālokya, the relationship of devotee to deity is servile (servant-master), in sāmīpya, filial (son-father), in sārūpya, fraternal (as between friends), and in sāyūjya, amorous (as between loyers). The first three prepare the devotee for the fourth.

The four classes of devotees or the states of spiritual life somewhat correspond to the four divisions of the Āgamas and the four modes of sādhana, spiritual practice, they entail. Thus, sālokya corresponds to carya, ritual and moral conduct, sāmīpya to kriyā, architectural and iconographic making, sārūpya to yoga, meditation, and sāyūjya ta jñānapada, theology and gnosis.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sārūpya.—(CITD), assimilation in the deity, one of the four states of mukti. Note: sārūpya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārūpya (सारूप्य).—n S Likeness, resemblance, uniformity, similarity of appearance. 2 One of the four modes of mukti. See under sarūpatā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sārupya (सारुप्य).—n Likeness, resemblance. One of the four modes of muktī.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sārūpya (सारूप्य).—

1) Sameness of form, similarity, likeness. conformity, resemblance; अन्तर्वृत्तिसारूप्यतः (antarvṛttisārūpyataḥ) Māl.5.

2) Assimilation to the deity (one of the four states of Mukti).

3) (In dramas) An angry treatment of one mistaken for another through resemblance; सारूप्यमभि- भूतस्य सारूप्यात् क्षोभवर्तनम् (sārūpyamabhi- bhūtasya sārūpyāt kṣobhavartanam) S. D.464.

4) Surprise at seeing an object or its likeness seen elsewhere. -a. Fit, proper, suitable.

Derivable forms: sārūpyam (सारूप्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sārūpya (सारूप्य).—adj. (compare next and sāropya; Sanskrit only nt. abstr. similitude; = Pali sāruppa), suitable: °pyābhir gāthābhiḥ (or equivalent), regularly foll. by verb of praising, with suitable stanzas: SP 161.4; 162.8; LV 357.19; 359.18; 360.12; 366.14; Laṅk 23.9; Mv ii.266.1; iii.379.20 (here mss. °pyehi gāthehi); 400.18 (°pyāhi gāthābhir); Suv 99.11 (so read with v.l. for Nobel °pābhir); Gv 253.3; na śrama- ṇasya sārūpyāṇi (pātrāṇi) LV 383.3, not proper for a monk; pratisaṃlayana- (see this)-sārūpya (so read) Mv ii.123.18, (places) suitable for private meditation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārūpya (सारूप्य).—n.

(-pyaṃ) 1. Identity of form. 2. Close resemblance. 3. Assimilation to or identification with the deity, (one of the four grades of mukti.) 4. (In drama,) Surprise at seeing an object or its likeness previously seen elsewhere. E. sa with, rūpa form, yañ aff.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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