Caturmasya, aka: Cāturmāsya; 8 Definition(s)


Caturmasya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturmasya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Caturmasya in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य).—A penance (Vrata) which continues for four months. During this period, the Vedas are to be studied with pure heart. The Pāṇḍavas did this penance at Gayā. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 95).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य).—Sacrifice, performed by Bharata.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 7. 5.

1b) (personified) born of Savitā.*

  • * Bha. VI. 18. 1.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य) refers to one of the seven Haviḥsaṃsthās or Haviryajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Cāturmāsya] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Cāturmāsya.—(SII 11-1, CITD), the season consisting of 4 months, viz. grīṣma consisting of the pūrṇimānta months of Caitra, Vaiśākha, Jyeṣṭha and Āṣāḍha, varṣā consisting of Śrāvana, Bhādrapada, Āśvina and Kārttika; and hemanta consisting of Mārgaśīrṣa, Pauṣa, Māgha and Phālguna. This was the official division of the year which was popularly divided into six seasons, viz. grīṣma (Jyeṣṭha-Āṣāḍha), varṣā (Śrāvaṇa-Bhādra- pada), śarad (Āśvina-Kārttika), hemanta (Mārgaśīrṣa-Pauṣa), śīta (Māgha-Phālguna) and vasanta (Caitra-Vaiśākha). Some times, the word cāturmāsya specially means the four months of the year, containing the two seasons of varṣā and śarad, i. e. from Śrāvaṇa to Kārttika. During this period, Viṣṇu is supposed to sleep, so that religious celebrations are avoided. During the period, religious mendicants desisted from roving. (EI 7; BL), related to the cāturmāsī or the full-moon day of Phālguna, Āshāḍha and Kārttika; a rite; same as cātur- māsya-vrata. Note: cāturmāsya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Caturmasya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य).—n (S) A period of four months; but understood esp. of that included between the tenth of āṣāḍhaśuddha and the tenth of kārttikaśuddha--the four monsoon-months. 2 A sacrifice performed or any rite observed every four months.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य).—n A period of four months, in which certain observances are enjoined. A sacrifice performed every four months.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturmasya in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य).—[caturṣu māseṣu bhavo yajñaḥ, ṇya] Name of a sacrifice performed every four months; i. e. at the beginning of कार्तिक, फाल्गुन (kārtika, phālguna) and आषाढ (āṣāḍha).

Derivable forms: cāturmāsyam (चातुर्मास्यम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāturmāsya (चातुर्मास्य).—n.

(-syaṃ) A sacrifice performed every four months. E. catur and māsa a month, yañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 10 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Cāturmāsya-vrata.—(EI 32), a rite. See cāturmāsya. Note: cāturmāsya-vrata is defined in the “In...
Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Relating to, fit for, &c., all men. m. (-raḥ) 1. ...
Saṃskāra (संस्कार).—m. (-raḥ) 1. Completing, accomplishing, finishing, perfecting. 2. Apprehens...
Hutāśana (हुताशन).—m. (-naḥ) 1. Fire or its deity Agni. 2. Siva. E. huta burntoffering, and aśa...
Savitā (सविता).—One of the twelve sons of Kaśyapaprajāpati by his wife called Aditi. These sons...
Catumāsa 4 months, a season PvA. 96; Dpvs. I, 24, 37 (cā°); see under māsa;
Śaṃyu (शंयु).—mfn. (-yuḥ-yuḥ-yuṃ) Happy, prosperous, fortunate. m. (-yuḥ) A sort of snake. E. ś...
Haviryajña (हविर्यज्ञ) or Haviḥsaṃsthā refers to a group of seven sacrifices.—Hārīta says: “Let...
Hutavahadigīśa (हुतवहदिगीश) is another name for Vaiśvānara: protector deity of the south-easter...
caturmāsārambha (चतुर्मासारंभ).—m (S) The commencement, or the day of the commencement, of the ...

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