Yamini, Yāminī, Yāmiṉi: 23 definitions


Yamini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Yāminī (यामिनी).—A daughter of Dakṣa Prajāpati. She was one of the wives of Kaśyapa. (Bhāgavata, 6th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yāminī (यामिनी).—One of the wives of Tārkṣya and mother of locusts (śalabhas);1 a Śakti.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 21.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Yāminī (यामिनी) is one of the daughters of Prahlāda, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly: “... then, all being satisfied, Prahlāda gave to Sūryaprabha a second daughter of his, named Yāminī, and that prince of the Asuras gave him two of his sons as allies”.

The story of Yāminī and Prahlāda was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Yāminī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Yāminī (यामिनी) or “Turmeric” is used in the treatment of Maṇḍalī-snake-bites, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—A number of different permutation and combination of herbs are prescribed as Lepa and Pāna for removing the poison of Maṇḍalī snakes.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse 9.73b-74a: “One khārī or measure of the paste prepared from the powdered roots of Meṣaśṛṅgī and Turmeric (yāminī) mixed with the juice of the bark of Nīlikā applied on the bite-wound destroys Maṇḍalīviṣa”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Yāminī (यामिनी) refers to a particular part of the night, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “The arrangements should be made thus: From the very first watch of the night (yāminī) [yāminyāḥ prathamādeva] until the morning. clouds of autumn surround the sun, a large number of soldiers should be posted far and wide on all sides to guard against intrusion of other people, while: the king himself, surrrounded by a few distinguished and faithful champions, [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Yāminī (यामिनी) is the name of one of the six family deities presiding over twenty-four sacred districts, according to the Vajraḍākavivṛti commentary on the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra.—These six Yoginīs seems most likely to represent female leaders of six families [viz., Yāminī]. The Vajraḍākavivṛti clearly connects twenty-four districts with the system of six families. Accordingly, the Yāminī family comprises the districts Sindhu, Nagara, Pūrṇagiri (Pullīramalaya) and Jālandhara.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Yāminī (यामिनी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Mahābala forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Yāminī] and Vīras each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Sanskrit Edition and a Translation of Kambala’s Sādhananidhi, Chapter 8

Yāminī (यामिनी) is the name of a Yoginī associated with the syllable “yoṃ” of the Ṣaḍyoginīmantra (six yoginī mantra): one of the four major mantras in the Cakrasaṃvara tradition, as taught in the eighth chapter of the 9th-century Herukābhidhāna and its commentary, the Sādhananidhi.  The Ṣaḍyoginī-mantra consists of six mantras taught to be the six Yoginīs. [...] These six Yoginīs are also found in Nāgārjuna’s Dharmasaṃgraha. A practitioner visualizes them [viz., Yāminī] without male companions. Alternatively, a  practitioner visualizes them with their male consorts such as Vajrasattva.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Yāminī (यामिनी) is the name of a deity [i.e., oṃ hāṃ yāṃ yāminyai svāhā], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Yāminī (यामिनी) refers to the third of the “six Yoginīs” (ṣaḍyoginī) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 13). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., ṣaṣ-yoginī and Yāminī). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yāminī (यामिनी).—

1) Night; सविता विधवति विधुरपि सवितरति दिनन्ति यामिन्यः । यामिनयन्ति दिनानि च सुखदुःखवशीकृते मनसि (savitā vidhavati vidhurapi savitarati dinanti yāminyaḥ | yāminayanti dināni ca sukhaduḥkhavaśīkṛte manasi) || K. P.1; Kirātārjunīya 11.48.

2) Turmeric.

See also (synonyms): yāmikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Yāminī (यामिनी).—name of a yoginī: Dharmasaṃgraha 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāminī (यामिनी).—f. (-nī) 1. Night 2. Turmeric. E. yāma a watch, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāminī (यामिनी).—i. e. yāma + in + ī, f. Night, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 188, 8; [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 44.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yaminī (यमिनी).—[feminine] bringing forth twins.

--- OR ---

Yāminī (यामिनी).—[feminine] night; a woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yaminī (यमिनी):—[from yamin > yam] f. bringing forth twins, [Atharva-veda]

2) Yāminī (यामिनी):—[from ] a f. ([from] 1. yāma) ‘consisting of watches’, night, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Prahlāda, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Tārkṣa (mother of Śalabha), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) b yāmīra See p. 850, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāminī (यामिनी):—(nī) 3. f. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yāminī (यामिनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jāmiṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yamini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yāminī (यामिनी):—(nf) the night.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yāmini (ಯಾಮಿನಿ):—

1) [noun] the period from sunset to sunrise; night.

2) [noun] the powder of the aromatic rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa of Zingiberaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Yāmiṉi (யாமினி) noun < yāminī. Night, as consisting of three watches; [மூன்று யாமங்களை யுடையது] இரவு. யாமினியி லெவ்வுயிர்க்கு மேற்ற துயில் [[munru yamangalai yudaiyathu] iravu. yaminiyi levvuyirkku merra thuyil] (மகாபாரதம் பதினேழாம். [magaparatham pathinezham.] 169).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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