Samapada, Samapādā, Samapāda, Sama-pada: 11 definitions


Samapada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Samapāda (समपाद).—The Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra (80.5b-6a) states that Brahmā is the tutelary deity of samapāda (“even feet”). In this position the distance between the feet is of 1 tāla. The samapāda posture is also mentioned in the Viṣṇudharmottara-purāṇa (3.39.45) as having straight legs. The Nāṭya-śāstra (11.58-60) explains that this position should be employed for the people receiving blessings from Brahmans, the brideroom wearing the auspicious thread, persons moving in the sky, persons in a chariot or aerial cars, Śaiva devotees and persons obeserving vows.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Samapāda (समपाद) or Samapādasthānaka refers to the “erect posture”, and represents one of the two types of Sthānaka (standing poses), according to Ganapati Sthapati in his text Ciṟpa Cennūl, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—In the samapāda-sthānaka, the head and body are held erect with legs and arms close together. There is no flexion in the body. The gaze is direct. Candraśekhara and Viṣṇu are good examples of this posture. Samapāda-sthānaka is of two types, namely vaitastika-sthānaka and ardhavaitastika-sthānaka.

In iconography the samapāda-sthānaka is again sub-divided into vaitastika-sthānaka (the distance between the big toes is equal to one vitasti, that is, two cāṇ or the span of the thumb to the little finger) and ardhavaitastika-sthānaka (the distance is half vitasti or one cāṇ). The deities found in this sthānaka are Candraśekhara Mūrti and Viṣṇu.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Samapādā (समपादा) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Samapādā-cārī is classified as a bhaumī, or “earthly”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: Natya Shastra

1) Samapādā (समपादा).—A type of earthly (bhaumī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: the two feet close together, the nails [of the toes] meeting, and standing on the spot.

2) Samapāda (समपाद).—A type of standing-posture (sthāna);—Instructions: the feet in the natural posture and kept one Tāla apart, and the body with the natural Sauṣṭhava. Brahmā is its presiding deity.

(Uses): It should be assumed in accepting blessings from the Brahmins, and in mimicking birds. The bridegroom at the marriage ceremony, persons in the sky, chariot and aerial car (vimāna), person of marked sects (liṅgasthā) and persons practising vows are also to assume this.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Samapāda (समपाद) is one of the six divisions of sthānaka, one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which in turn represents one of the four “movements of the feet” (pāda) according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa. The samapāda-sthānaka, a division of the sthānaka-maṇḍala, is an erect posture, with the feet equidistant from the madhya-sūtra. The body is without any flexion in any direction. The definition for the samapāda-sthānaka is the same in the two arts.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samapada (समपद).—

1) an attitude in shooting.

2) a particular posture in sexual union.

Derivable forms: samapadam (समपदम्).

Samapada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sama and pada (पद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samapāda (समपाद).—n.

(-daṃ) An attitude in shooting, standing with the feet even. E. sama even, pāda the foot; also read samapada .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samapada (समपद):—[=sama-pada] [from sama] m. ‘holding the feet even’, a [particular] posture in sexual union, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] an attitude in shooting, [ib.]

3) Samapāda (समपाद):—[=sama-pāda] [from sama] n. ‘holding the feet even’, a [particular] posture in dancing, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

4) [v.s. ...] a posture in shooting, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samapāda (समपाद):—[sama-pāda] (daṃ) 1. n. Shooting attitude.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samapada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samapāda (ಸಮಪಾದ):—

1) [noun] a standing position in which both the feet are kept together on the same plane.

2) [noun] a particular standing position in sword-fight, mace-fight, etc.

3) [noun] the fact of all the lines in a verse being equal in the prosodic length.

4) [noun] (dance.) a standing in a natural position, keeping a gap of one span (approx. nine inches) between the feet.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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