Samapada, aka: Sama-pada, Samapādā, Samapāda; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samapada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Samapāda (समपाद).—The Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra (80.5b-6a) states that Brahmā is the tutelary deity of samapāda (“even feet”). In this position the distance between the feet is of 1 tāla. The samapāda posture is also mentioned in the Viṣṇudharmottara-purāṇa (3.39.45) as having straight legs. The Nāṭya-śāstra (11.58-60) explains that this position should be employed for the people receiving blessings from Brahmans, the brideroom wearing the auspicious thread, persons moving in the sky, persons in a chariot or aerial cars, Śaiva devotees and persons obeserving vows.

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Samapāda (समपाद) or Samapādasthānaka refers to the “erect posture”, and represents one of the two types of Sthānaka (standing poses), according to Ganapati Sthapati in his text Ciṟpa Cennūl, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—In the samapāda-sthānaka, the head and body are held erect with legs and arms close together. There is no flexion in the body. The gaze is direct. Candraśekhara and Viṣṇu are good examples of this posture. Samapāda-sthānaka is of two types, namely vaitastika-sthānaka and ardhavaitastika-sthānaka.

In iconography the samapāda-sthānaka is again sub-divided into vaitastika-sthānaka (the distance between the big toes is equal to one vitasti, that is, two cāṇ or the span of the thumb to the little finger) and ardhavaitastika-sthānaka (the distance is half vitasti or one cāṇ). The deities found in this sthānaka are Candraśekhara Mūrti and Viṣṇu.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Samapādā (समपादा) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Samapādā-cārī is classified as a bhaumī, or “earthly”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Samapādā (समपादा).—A type of earthly (bhaumī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: the two feet close together, the nails [of the toes] meeting, and standing on the spot.

2) Samapāda (समपाद).—A type of standing-posture (sthāna);—Instructions: the feet in the natural posture and kept one Tāla apart, and the body with the natural Sauṣṭhava. Brahmā is its presiding deity.

(Uses): It should be assumed in accepting blessings from the Brahmins, and in mimicking birds. The bridegroom at the marriage ceremony, persons in the sky, chariot and aerial car (vimāna), person of marked sects (liṅgasthā) and persons practising vows are also to assume this.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Samapāda (समपाद) is one of the six divisions of sthānaka, one of the nine maṇḍala (postures of the feet) which in turn represents one of the four “movements of the feet” (pāda) according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa. The samapāda-sthānaka, a division of the sthānaka-maṇḍala, is an erect posture, with the feet equidistant from the madhya-sūtra. The body is without any flexion in any direction. The definition for the samapāda-sthānaka is the same in the two arts.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samapada in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samapada (समपद).—

1) an attitude in shooting.

2) a particular posture in sexual union.

Derivable forms: samapadam (समपदम्).

Samapada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sama and pada (पद).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 2125 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sama
Śama (शम).—m. (-maḥ) 1. Quiet of mind, stoicism, indifference, the absence of passion, as one o...
Pada
Pada (पद).—(= Pali id.), sentence, complete utterance, in contrast with nāman, word, and vyañja...
Padartha
Padārtha (पदार्थ, “categories”).—According to Kaṇāda, all object of knowledge or all real comes...
Ekapada
Ekapāda (एकपाद).—In iconography, ekapāda does not come under the heading sthānaka, but is found...
Janapada
Janapada or Jānapada.—(IE 8-3; EI 23, 33), people of the countryside; regarded by some as an of...
Samanta
Samanta.—(IE 8-1), corrupt form of saṃvat. Note: samanta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical...
Padapa
Pādapa (पादप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. A tree. 2. A foot-stool, a cushion, &c. for the feet. f. (-pā) ...
Samagama
Sāmagāma (सामगाम) is the name of ancient Śākya village in the vicinity of Kapilavatthu: an anci...
Kalmashapada
Kalmāṣapāda (कल्माषपाद).—n. of a yakṣa: Māy 9. (Cf. the same as n. of a prince changed into a r...
Padapitha
Pādapīṭha (पादपीठ).—m. (-ṭhaḥ) A foot-stool. E. pāda, and pīṭha a stool.
Padangushtha
Pādāṅguṣṭha (पादाङ्गुष्ठ).—m. (-ṣṭhaḥ) The great toe. E. pāda a foot, aṅguṣṭha the thumb.
Drupada
Drupada (द्रुपद).—(Saumaki,* Yajñasena). Father of Pāñcālī. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu i...
Samabuddhi
Samabuddhi (समबुद्धि).—mfn. (-ddhiḥ-ddhiḥ-ddhi) Philosophical, stoical, looking on all things a...
Samacitta
Samacitta (समचित्त).—mfn. (-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Indifferent, unattached. 2. Equable, eventempered...
Tripada
Tripada.—(LP), the three chief account books, viz. rojmol, khātā-vahī and pāvtī-vahī. Note: tri...

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