Rucira, Rucirā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Rucira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ruchira.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rucira (रुचिर).—A son of Jayatsena.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 36.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Rucirā (रुचिरा) is the name of a meter belonging to the Triṣṭubh class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of eleven syllables, the fourth, the fifth, the penultimate and the last long, is rucirā”.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Rucirā (रुचिरा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Rucirā contains thirteen syllables in each and every quarter and the gaṇas are ja, bha, sa and ja. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Rucirā (रुचिरा) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.

2) Rucirā (रुचिरा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra assigned the alternative name of Śrī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Rucirā also corresponds to Sāndrapada. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Rucirā is also the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Siddhi.

3) Rucira (रुचिर) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Rucira) in 20 verses.

4) Rucirā (रुचिरा) refers to one of the twenty-seven mātrāvṛttas (quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Mātrāvṛtta (eg., rucirā) refers to a type of metre found in classical Sanskrit poetry.

5) Rucirā (रुचिरा) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the rucirā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

6) Rucirā (रुचिरा) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa also deals with the science of prosody (eg., the rucirā) in its six chapters 207-212. The chapters comprise 5, 18, 41, 7 and 9 verses respectively.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta. D.ii.260.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Rucirā (रुचिरा) refers to the “delightful bhūmi” and represents one of the ten Bodhisattva grounds (bodhisattabhūmi), according to the Mahāvastu referring to a Daśabhūmikasūtra, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rucira : (adj.) pleasant; agreeable; beautiful.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rucira, (adj.) (fr. ruc, cp. Sk. rucira) brilliant, beautiful, pleasant, agreeable Pv. I, 109 (=ramaṇīya dassanīya PvA. 51); J. I, 207; V, 299; Vv 402 (so read for rurira); Mhvs 11, 11; 18, 68; Dāvs. IV, 29; Miln. 2, 398; DhA. I, 383 (=sobhana); VvA. 12; PvA. 156 (=vaggu). (Page 572)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rucira (रुचिर).—a S Charming, pleasing, delighting, agreeable.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rucira (रुचिर).—a Charming, pleasing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rucira (रुचिर).—a. [ruciṃ rāti dadāti ruc-kirac Uṇ.1.5]

1) Bright, shining, brilliant, radiant; हेमरुचिराम्बर (hemarucirāmbara) Ch. P.14; कनकरुचिरम्, रत्नरुचिरम् (kanakaruciram, ratnaruciram) &c.

3) Tasteful, palatable.

4) Sweet, dainty.

5) Stomachic, exciting appetite.

6) Cordial, restorative.

7) Pleasant, pleased (prasanna); अथ वासवस्य वचनेन रुचिरवदनत्रिलोचनम् (atha vāsavasya vacanena ruciravadanatrilocanam) Ki.12.1.

-rā 1 A kind of yellow pigment.

2) Name of a metre; see App.

-ram 1 Saffron.

2) Cloves.

3) A radish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rucirā (रुचिरा).—name of the 4th Bodhisattva bhūmi (q.v.) according to Mahāvastu i.76.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rucira (रुचिर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Beautiful, charming, pleasing. 2. Sweet, dainty. 3. Stomachic, restorative. 4. Bright. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Saffron. 2. Cloves. f.

(-rā) A kind of yellow pigment. E. ruc to please, Unadi aff. kirac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rucira (रुचिर).—[ruc + ira], adj. 1. Beautiful, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 16; 24; brilliant, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 76. 2. Agreeable, [Pañcatantra] 170, 6. 3. Sweet. 4. Stomachic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rucira (रुचिर).—[adjective] bright, splendid, beautiful, pleasant, agreeable to ([genetive] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rucira (रुचिर):—[from ruc] mf(ā)n. bright, brilliant, radiant, splendid, beautiful, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] pleasant, charming, agreeable to, liked by ([genitive case] or [compound]), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] sweet, dainty, nice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] stomachic, cordial, [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Sena-jit, [Harivaṃśa]

6) Rucirā (रुचिरा):—[from rucira > ruc] a f. a. kind of pigment (= go-rocanā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman (See [column]3)

8) [v.s. ...] of two metres, [Colebrooke]

9) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Rāmāyaṇa]

10) Rucira (रुचिर):—[from ruc] n. (only.) saffron ([probably] [wrong reading] for rudhira), a radish

11) [v.s. ...] cloves ([probably] [wrong reading] for suṣira).

12) Rucirā (रुचिरा):—[from ruc] b f. (of ra) Name of a woman.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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