Ripu: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Ripu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ripu (रिपु).—Grandson of Dhruva. Two sons called Śiṣṭi and Bhavya were born to Dhruva by his wife Śambhū. Śiṣṭi’s wife Succhāyā deliverd five sons, i.e. Ripu, Ripuñjaya, Vipra, Vṛkala and Vṛkatejas. Cākṣuṣa Manu was born as the son of Ripu by his wife Bṛhatī. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 13).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ripu (रिपु).—A son of Yadu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 20.

1b) Son of Varāngī and Divamjaya; married Bṛhatī; father of Cākṣuṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 101; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 87.

1c) A son of Babhru;1 killed by Yauvanāśva in a battle which lasted for 14 months.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 7.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 7-8.

1d) (also Vairī). Even though insignificant, not to be neglected. It was Bhūta that slew Hiraṇyakaśipu, and a woman Caṇḍikā that killed Niśumbha, Śumbha and Mahiṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 43 and 55.

1e) A son of Śiṣṭi(ī) and Succhāyā, wife Bṛhatī; his son Cākṣuṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 39; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 2.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Ripu (रिपु) refers to one of the five sons of Chāyā and Sṛṣṭi: one of the four sons of Dhruva, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Uttānapāda’s son was Dhruva who achieved the highest place of worshipping Nārāyaṇa. Dhruva had four sons—Sṛṣṭi, Dhanya, Harya and Śaṃbhu; they all were Vaiṣṇavas. Chāyā gave birth to five sons of Sṛṣṭi; they were Ripu, Ripuṃjaya, Vipra, Vṛṣala and Vṛkatejas. Bṛhatī the wife of Ripu gave birth to Cakṣuṣa.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ripu (रिपु) refers to a “foe”, and is mentioned in verse 2.27 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “One shall not proclaim somebody (to be) one’s enemy nor oneself (to be) somebody’s foe [viz., Ripu] nor contempt nor (one’s) master’s ungraciousness”.

Note: Śatru (“enemy”) and Ripu (“foe”) have both been rendered by dgra (“enemy”), without regard to the stylistic variation in the original Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Ripu (रिपु, “enemy”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., ripu—enemy], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ripu (रिपु) refers to “enemies”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the lunar eclipse should terminate at the southern point of the disc, the termination is known as dakṣiṇa-kukṣi (right abdomen): the king’s son will suffer and the enemies [i.e., ripu] in the south may then be defeated in wars. If the lunar eclipse should terminate at the northern point of the disc, the termination is techincally known as vāma-kukṣi (left abdomen): pregnant women will miscarry and crops will suffer to some extent”

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ripu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘six’. Note: ripu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ripu (रिपु).—m (S) An enemy, a foe.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ripu (रिपु).—m An enemy, a foe.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ripu (रिपु).—[rap un pṛṣo° Uṇ.1.26]

1) An enemy, a foe, an opponent.

2) A hostile planet.

3) Name of the sixth astrological house.

4) Ved. A cheat, rogue.

Derivable forms: ripuḥ (रिपुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ripu (रिपु).—m.

(-puḥ) An enemy. E. rap to speak, to abuse, aff. un, and i substituted for the radical vowel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ripu (रिपु).—probably lip + u (r for l, or rather the original sound), m. An enemy, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 168.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ripu (रिपु).—[adjective] deceitful, treacherous; [masculine] impostor, cheat, adversary, enemy, [abstract] † [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ripu (रिपु):—[from rip] mfn. deceitful, treacherous, false, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a deceiver, cheat, rogue, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] an enemy, adversary, foe, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) a hostile planet, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the 6th astrological house, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] a gall-nut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Ślīṣṭi, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Yadu and Babhru, [Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ripu (रिपु):—(puḥ) 2. m. An enemy.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ripu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ripu (रिपु):—(nm) an enemy, a foe; ~[ghātī/ghna/damana/sūdana] a destroyer of the enemy; ~[] enmity, hostility.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ripu (ರಿಪು):—

1) [noun] a person who hates another, and wishes or tries to injure him; a foe; an enemy.

2) [noun] (astrol.) the sixth house from the birth-house.

--- OR ---

Rīpu (ರೀಪು):—[noun] = ರಿಪೀಸು [ripisu].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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