Rina, Ṛṇa: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṛṇa can be transliterated into English as Rna or Rina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ṛṇa (ऋण).—Is threefold for a dvija—to gods, to pitṛs and to sages.1 Vasudeva is asked by sages to perform a sacrifice to please gods.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 106; 108. 76 and 89; 110. 60; 111. 29 and 31.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 84. 39-40.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Ṛṇa (ऋण).—Subtracted, negative. Note: Ṛṇa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṛṇa (ऋण).—n (S) Debt. Three departments of man's debt are reckoned, viz. dēvaṛṇa, ṛṣiṛṇa, pitṛṛṇa, q. v. in loc. To these some add manuṣyaṛṇa. 2 In arithmetic. The subtrahend. 3 In algebra. Negative quantity, minus.

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rīṇa (रीण).—n (Corr. from ṛṇa) Debt.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṛṇa (ऋण).—n Debt. (In alg.) The negative sign or quantity, minus. ṛṇa kāḍhūna saṇa karaṇē Incur the pressure of debt, and then squander the loan in wild holiday- keeping. ṛṇaṃ kṛtvā ghṛtaṃ pibēt This famous dictum of cārvāka bears nearly the same meaning. a Negative-electricity.

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rīṇa (रीण).—n Debt. rīṇakara-rī See riṇakara.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṛṇa (ऋण).—a. [ṛ-kta]

1) Going.

2) Guilty.

-ṇam 1 Debt; (as to the three kinds of debt, see anṛṇa; cf. jāyamāno ha vai brāhmaṇastribhirṛṇavān jāyate, yajñena devebhyaḥ brahmacaryeṇa ṛṣibhyaḥ prajayā pitṛbhyaḥ iti | sa vai tarhi anṛṇo bhavati yadā yajvā, brahmacārī, prajāvāniti | ŚB. on MS.6.2.31. ṛṇāni triṇyapākṛtya mano mokṣe niveśayet Ms.6.35. devānāṃ ca pitṝṇāṃ ca ṛṣīṇāṃ ca tathā naraḥ | ṛṇavāñ jāyate yasmāttanmokṣe prayatet (ta ?) सदा ॥ देवानामनृणो जन्तुर्यज्ञैर्भवति मानवः । अल्पवित्तश्च पूजाभिरुपवासव्रतैस्तथा ॥ श्राद्धेन प्रजया चैव पितॄणामनृणो भवेत् । ऋषीणां ब्रह्मचर्येण श्रुतेन तपसा तथा (sadā || devānāmanṛṇo janturyajñairbhavati mānavaḥ | alpavittaśca pūjābhirupavāsavrataistathā || śrāddhena prajayā caiva pitṝṇāmanṛṇo bhavet | ṛṣīṇāṃ brahmacaryeṇa śrutena tapasā tathā) || (viṣṇudharmottaram); ऋणं कृ (ṛṇaṃ kṛ) to incur debt; ऋणं दा (ṛṇaṃ dā) to pay off or discharge debt; अन्त्यं ऋणं (antyaṃ ṛṇaṃ) (pitṝṇam) the last debt to be paid to the manes, i. e. creation of a son.

2) An obligation in general. cf. ऋणसंस्तवो हि अवश्यकर्तव्यानां भवति (ṛṇasaṃstavo hi avaśyakartavyānāṃ bhavati) | ŚB on MS.6.2.31.

3) (In alg.) The negative sign or quantity, minus (opp. dhana).

4) A fort, strong-hold.

5) Water.

6) Land.

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Rīṇa (रीण).—p. p.

1) Oozed, flowed, dripped &c.

2) Vanished.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛṇa (ऋण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Debt. 2. A fort, a strong hold. 3. (In algebra,) Negative quantity, minus. E. to go, kta affix, deriv. irr.

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Rīṇa (रीण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Oozing, dripping, leaking, distilling. E. to leak, to run out, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛṇa (ऋण).—ṛ10ṇa, n. Obligation, Man 6, 35; a debt, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 218.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛṇa (ऋण).—[adjective] guilty; [neuter] guilt, debt, obligation. ṛṇaṃ kṛ borrow of ([genetive]), dhāray be indebted to ([genetive]), dā, nī, or saṃnī pay a debt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṛṇa (ऋण):—[from ṛṇ] mfn. going, flying, fugitive (as a thief), [Ṛg-veda vi, 12, 5]; having gone against or transgressed, guilty

2) [v.s. ...] cf. [Latin] reus

3) [v.s. ...] n. anything wanted or missed

4) [v.s. ...] anything due, obligation, duty, debt (a Brāhman owes three debts or obligations, viz. 1. Brahmacarya or ‘study of the Vedas’, to the Ṛṣis; 2. sacrifice and worship, to the gods; 3. procreation of a son, to the Manes, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi, 3, 10, 5; Manu-smṛti vi, 35, etc.]; in later times also, 4. benevolence to mankind and 5. hospitality to guests are added, [Mahābhārata] etc.), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc., [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a debt of money, money owed, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

6) [v.s. ...] (ṛṇaṃkṛ, to get into debt, [Yājñavalkya ii, 45]; m-√prāp, to become indebted, [Manu-smṛti viii, 107]; ṃ-√dā or √ or pra-√yam, to pay a debt, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti] etc.; ṃ-√yāc, to ask for a loan, [Kathāsaritsāgara]; m parīps, to call in a debt, [Manu-smṛti viii, 161])

7) [v.s. ...] guilt

8) [v.s. ...] a negative quantity, minus (in [mathematics])

9) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a fort, stronghold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.];

11) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] arena.

12) Rīṇa (रीण):—[from ri] mfn. melted, dissolved, vanished, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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