Brihati, aka: Bṛhatī; 13 Definition(s)


Brihati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bṛhatī can be transliterated into English as Brhati or Brihati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Bṛhatī (बृहती):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Bṛhatī (बृहती):—A Sanskrit word referring to “Indian barberry” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the Sanskrit names Vṛhatī or Siṃhī and in Hindi it is known as Barhaṇṭā or Birhaṭṭā. Its official botanical name is Solanum violaceum (common synonyms: Solanum chinense, Solanum indicum or Solanum anguivi) and is commonly referred to in English as “Indian Nightshade”, “Asian nightshade” and “Poison berry”.

This plant (Bṛhatī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Daśamūla, the Pañcamūla, Bṛhatīdvaya, Bṛhatyādigaṇa and the Haridrādvaya groups of medicinal drugs.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bṛhatī (बृहती).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—It is also known as Vārttāka as it bears fruits like those of brinjal. It is bitter, pungent, hot and alleviates kapha, vāta and disorders of grahaṇī.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Bṛhatī (बृहती) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Solanum indicum var. lividum (synonym of Solanum anguivi or ‘forest bitterberry’ or ‘African eggplant’) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.23-25 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Bṛhatī is commonly known in Hindi as Baṛī-katerī or Van-bhantā; in Bengali as Byākurā; in Marathi as Dorlī; in Gujurati as Ubhī-riṅgaṇī; in Telugu as Tellamulākā; and in Tamil as Papparāmūllī.

Bṛhatī is mentioned as having fourteen synonyms: Mahatikrāntā, Vārtākī, Siṃhakākulī, Rāṣṭrikā, Sthalakaṇṭā, Bhaṇṭākī, Mahoṭikā, Bahupatrī, Kaṇṭatanu, Kaṇṭālu, Kaṭphalā, Ḍoralī and Vanavṛntākī.

Properties and characteristics: “Bṛhatī is pungent, bitter and hot in potency. It controls vāta and relieves fever. It cures aversion to food and improper digestive metabolism (āma-doṣa). It is used successfully in cough, asthma and cardiac disorders”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Bṛhatī (बृहती) refers to a type of vegetable which is prescribed for dried vegetables (karcarī), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—There is another section namely Karcarī-prakaraṇa deal with the properties of dried vegetables. Cirbhiṭa (cucumber), kāravallī (bitter gourd) bṛhatī and śuṣkavārtāka (brinjal) are the vegetables that are prescribed for this.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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1) Bṛhatī (बृहती).—Mother of Cākṣuṣamanu. Two sons, Śiṣṭhi, and Bhavya were born to Dhruva by his wife Śambhu. Succhāyā the wife of Śiṣṭhi gave birth to five sons, Ripu, Ripuñjaya, Vipra, Vṛkala and Vṛkatejas. These sons were sinless. Bṛhatī was the wife of Ripu. Cākṣuṣa Manu was born to Ripu and Bṛhatī. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 13).

2) Bṛhatī (बृहती).—One of the seven horses of the Sun. The seven horses of Sun are, Gāyatrī, Bṛhatī, Uṣṇik, Jagatī, Tṛṣṭup, Anuṣṭup and Paṅkti. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 2, Chapter 8).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Bṛhatī (बृहती).—The mother of Yogeśvara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 32.

1b) Poetic metre;1 a horse of the Sun's chariot.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 21. 41; Matsya-purāṇa 125. 47; Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 65.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 72; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 5.

1c) Wife of Ripu and mother of Cākṣuṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 102; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 2.

1d) A daughter of Bṛhaduktha-Śaineya and wife of Pūru; had three sons and a daughter, Śvetā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 255; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 246.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Bṛhatī (बृहती) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing nine syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Bṛhatī (बृहती).—A Vedic metre consisting of four padas and 36 syllables. There are three padas of eight syllables and the fourth has twelve syllables. It has got further subdivisions known as पुरस्ताद्बृहती, उपरि-ष्टाद्बृहती, न्यङ्कुसारिणी (purastādbṛhatī, upari-ṣṭādbṛhatī, nyaṅkusāriṇī) or उरोबृहती, ऊर्ध्व-बृहती विष्टारबृहती, पिपीलिकमध्यमा (urobṛhatī, ūrdhva-bṛhatī viṣṭārabṛhatī, pipīlikamadhyamā) and विषमपदा (viṣamapadā). For details see R.Pr. XVI. 31-37.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

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Bṛhatī (बृहती) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Bṛhatī is one of the seven prominent metres mentioned by Piṅgala as being associated with the Devatā (deity): Bṛhaspati, Svara (note): Madhyama, Colour: black and Gotra (family): Āṅgirasa.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Bṛhatī (बृहती) refers to a type of fruit and is used in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.137-141a of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., bṛhatī] are already cooked, filling the cooking vessels (sthālī) and dishes (śarāva) are to be kept in all broad frying vessels (ambarīṣa). They are to be placed on vessels (pātra) smeared with (within) ghee (ghṛta), are hot and are to be spread out there. They which are heated and made greasy with powdered peppers, jīraka and ghee are to be stirred again and again with ladle. They are to be kept in vessels covered with clothes etc”.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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India history and geogprahy

Bṛhatī.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Note: bṛhatī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Brihati in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bṛhatī (बृहती).—A plant, called also riṅgaṇī, Prickly nightshade. 2 A plant, called also ḍōralī, Sola- num macrorhizon. 3 Applied with polite covertness, from the notion of amplitude or broad expanse, to the Posteriors, and, by some not overparticular, to the Anus.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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